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International Baccalaureate (IB)


IB students around the globe fear writing the Extended Essay, but it doesn't have to be a source of stress! In this article, I'll get you excited about writing your Extended Essay and provide you with the resources you need to get an A on it.

If you're reading this article, I'm going to assume you're an IB student getting ready to write your Extended Essay. If you're looking at this as a potential future IB student, I recommend reading our introductory IB articles first, including our guide to what the IB program is and our full coverage of the IB curriculum .

IB Extended Essay: Why Should You Trust My Advice?

I myself am a recipient of an IB Diploma, and I happened to receive an A on my IB Extended Essay. Don't believe me? The proof is in the IBO pudding:


If you're confused by what this report means, EE is short for Extended Essay , and English A1 is the subject that my Extended Essay topic coordinated with. In layman's terms, my IB Diploma was graded in May 2010, I wrote my Extended Essay in the English A1 category, and I received an A grade on it.

What Is the Extended Essay in the IB Diploma Programme?

The IB Extended Essay, or EE , is a mini-thesis you write under the supervision of an IB advisor (an IB teacher at your school), which counts toward your IB Diploma (learn more about the major IB Diploma requirements in our guide) . I will explain exactly how the EE affects your Diploma later in this article.

For the Extended Essay, you will choose a research question as a topic, conduct the research independently, then write an essay on your findings . The essay itself is a long one—although there's a cap of 4,000 words, most successful essays get very close to this limit.

Keep in mind that the IB requires this essay to be a "formal piece of academic writing," meaning you'll have to do outside research and cite additional sources.

The IB Extended Essay must include the following:

  • A title page
  • Contents page
  • Introduction
  • Body of the essay
  • References and bibliography

Additionally, your research topic must fall into one of the six approved DP categories , or IB subject groups, which are as follows:

  • Group 1: Studies in Language and Literature
  • Group 2: Language Acquisition
  • Group 3: Individuals and Societies
  • Group 4: Sciences
  • Group 5: Mathematics
  • Group 6: The Arts

Once you figure out your category and have identified a potential research topic, it's time to pick your advisor, who is normally an IB teacher at your school (though you can also find one online ). This person will help direct your research, and they'll conduct the reflection sessions you'll have to do as part of your Extended Essay.

As of 2018, the IB requires a "reflection process" as part of your EE supervision process. To fulfill this requirement, you have to meet at least three times with your supervisor in what the IB calls "reflection sessions." These meetings are not only mandatory but are also part of the formal assessment of the EE and your research methods.

According to the IB, the purpose of these meetings is to "provide an opportunity for students to reflect on their engagement with the research process." Basically, these meetings give your supervisor the opportunity to offer feedback, push you to think differently, and encourage you to evaluate your research process.

The final reflection session is called the viva voce, and it's a short 10- to 15-minute interview between you and your advisor. This happens at the very end of the EE process, and it's designed to help your advisor write their report, which factors into your EE grade.

Here are the topics covered in your viva voce :

  • A check on plagiarism and malpractice
  • Your reflection on your project's successes and difficulties
  • Your reflection on what you've learned during the EE process

Your completed Extended Essay, along with your supervisor's report, will then be sent to the IB to be graded. We'll cover the assessment criteria in just a moment.


We'll help you learn how to have those "lightbulb" moments...even on test day!  

What Should You Write About in Your IB Extended Essay?

You can technically write about anything, so long as it falls within one of the approved categories listed above.

It's best to choose a topic that matches one of the IB courses , (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.), which shouldn't be difficult because there are so many class subjects.

Here is a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay:

  • Biology: The Effect of Age and Gender on the Photoreceptor Cells in the Human Retina
  • Chemistry: How Does Reflux Time Affect the Yield and Purity of Ethyl Aminobenzoate (Benzocaine), and How Effective is Recrystallisation as a Purification Technique for This Compound?
  • English: An Exploration of Jane Austen's Use of the Outdoors in Emma
  • Geography: The Effect of Location on the Educational Attainment of Indigenous Secondary Students in Queensland, Australia
  • Math: Alhazen's Billiard Problem
  • Visual Arts: Can Luc Tuymans Be Classified as a Political Painter?

You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic . So how do you pick when the options are limitless?


How to Write a Stellar IB Extended Essay: 6 Essential Tips

Below are six key tips to keep in mind as you work on your Extended Essay for the IB DP. Follow these and you're sure to get an A!

#1: Write About Something You Enjoy

You can't expect to write a compelling essay if you're not a fan of the topic on which you're writing. For example, I just love British theatre and ended up writing my Extended Essay on a revolution in post-WWII British theatre. (Yes, I'm definitely a #TheatreNerd.)

I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the Extended Essay seriously. I was fortunate enough to receive a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC's School of Dramatic Arts program. In my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about my Extended Essay; thus, I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship.

But how do you find a topic you're passionate about? Start by thinking about which classes you enjoy the most and why . Do you like math classes because you like to solve problems? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze literary texts?

Keep in mind that there's no right or wrong answer when it comes to choosing your Extended Essay topic. You're not more likely to get high marks because you're writing about science, just like you're not doomed to failure because you've chosen to tackle the social sciences. The quality of what you produce—not the field you choose to research within—will determine your grade.

Once you've figured out your category, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper . What was your favorite chapter you learned in that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to learn more about? I recommend spending a few hours on this type of brainstorming.

One last note: if you're truly stumped on what to research, pick a topic that will help you in your future major or career . That way you can use your Extended Essay as a talking point in your college essays (and it will prepare you for your studies to come too!).

#2: Select a Topic That Is Neither Too Broad nor Too Narrow

There's a fine line between broad and narrow. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can't write 4,000 words on it.

You can't write about WWII because that would be a book's worth of material. You also don't want to write about what type of soup prisoners of war received behind enemy lines, because you probably won’t be able to come up with 4,000 words of material about it. However, you could possibly write about how the conditions in German POW camps—and the rations provided—were directly affected by the Nazis' successes and failures on the front, including the use of captured factories and prison labor in Eastern Europe to increase production. WWII military history might be a little overdone, but you get my point.

If you're really stuck trying to pinpoint a not-too-broad-or-too-narrow topic, I suggest trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. Once you begin looking through the list of sample essays below, you'll notice that many use comparisons to formulate their main arguments.

I also used a comparison in my EE, contrasting Harold Pinter's Party Time with John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to show a transition in British theatre. Topics with comparisons of two to three plays, books, and so on tend to be the sweet spot. You can analyze each item and then compare them with one another after doing some in-depth analysis of each individually. The ways these items compare and contrast will end up forming the thesis of your essay!

When choosing a comparative topic, the key is that the comparison should be significant. I compared two plays to illustrate the transition in British theatre, but you could compare the ways different regional dialects affect people's job prospects or how different temperatures may or may not affect the mating patterns of lightning bugs. The point here is that comparisons not only help you limit your topic, but they also help you build your argument.

Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade-A EE, though. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison-based topic and are still unsure whether your topic is too broad or narrow, spend about 30 minutes doing some basic research and see how much material is out there.

If there are more than 1,000 books, articles, or documentaries out there on that exact topic, it may be too broad. But if there are only two books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow. If you're still unsure, ask your advisor—it's what they're there for! Speaking of advisors...


Don't get stuck with a narrow topic!

#3: Choose an Advisor Who Is Familiar With Your Topic

If you're not certain of who you would like to be your advisor, create a list of your top three choices. Next, write down the pros and cons of each possibility (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!).

For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher and we get along really well, but he teaches English. For my EE, I want to conduct an experiment that compares the efficiency of American electric cars with foreign electric cars.

I had Ms. White a year ago. She teaches physics and enjoyed having me in her class. Unlike Mr. Green, Ms. White could help me design my experiment.

Based on my topic and what I need from my advisor, Ms. White would be a better fit for me than would Mr. Green (even though I like him a lot).

The moral of my story is this: do not just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor . They might be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject. For example, I would not recommend asking your biology teacher to guide you in writing an English literature-based EE.

There can, of course, be exceptions to this rule. If you have a teacher who's passionate and knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about my theatre topic), you could ask that instructor. Consider all your options before you do this. There was no theatre teacher at my high school, so I couldn't find a theatre-specific advisor, but I chose the next best thing.

Before you approach a teacher to serve as your advisor, check with your high school to see what requirements they have for this process. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form , for instance.

Make sure that you ask your IB coordinator whether there is any required paperwork to fill out. If your school needs a specific form signed, bring it with you when you ask your teacher to be your EE advisor.

#4: Pick an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best

Some teachers might just take on students because they have to and aren't very passionate about reading drafts, only giving you minimal feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the time to read several drafts of your essay and give you extensive notes. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make my Extended Essay draft better.

Ask a teacher that you have experience with through class or an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have absolutely no connection to. If a teacher already knows you, that means they already know your strengths and weaknesses, so they know what to look for, where you need to improve, and how to encourage your best work.

Also, don't forget that your supervisor's assessment is part of your overall EE score . If you're meeting with someone who pushes you to do better—and you actually take their advice—they'll have more impressive things to say about you than a supervisor who doesn't know you well and isn't heavily involved in your research process.

Be aware that the IB only allows advisors to make suggestions and give constructive criticism. Your teacher cannot actually help you write your EE. The IB recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the EE.

#5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow

The IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be one to two double-spaced pages), research question/focus (i.e., what you're investigating), a body, and a conclusion (about one double-spaced page). An essay with unclear organization will be graded poorly.

The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about eight to 18 pages long (again, depending on your topic). Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you were doing a comparison, you might have one third of your body as Novel A Analysis, another third as Novel B Analysis, and the final third as your comparison of Novels A and B.

If you're conducting an experiment or analyzing data, such as in this EE , your EE body should have a clear structure that aligns with the scientific method ; you should state the research question, discuss your method, present the data, analyze the data, explain any uncertainties, and draw a conclusion and/or evaluate the success of the experiment.

#6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later!

You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in just a week and get an A on it. You'll be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books and plays as well!). As such, it's imperative that you start your research as soon as possible.

Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of your senior year; others will take them as late as February. Your school will tell you what your deadline is. If they haven't mentioned it by February of your junior year, ask your IB coordinator about it.

Some high schools will provide you with a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor, and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do this. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure whether you are on a specific timeline.

Below is my recommended EE timeline. While it's earlier than most schools, it'll save you a ton of heartache (trust me, I remember how hard this process was!):

  • January/February of Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at least your top three options).
  • February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor. If they decline, keep asking others until you find one. See my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor.
  • April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at least seven to 10) to your EE advisor. Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline.
  • Summer Between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between your junior and senior year. I know, I know—no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me—this will save you so much stress come fall when you are busy with college applications and other internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of draft cycles as you likely won't be able to get everything you want to say into 4,000 articulate words on the first attempt. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape so you don't have to work on too many revisions during the school year on top of your homework, college applications, and extracurriculars.
  • August/September of Senior Year: Turn in your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback. Work on incorporating their feedback into your essay. If they have a lot of suggestions for improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft.
  • September/October of Senior Year: Submit the second draft of your EE to your advisor (if necessary) and look at their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft.
  • November-February of Senior Year: Schedule your viva voce. Submit two copies of your final draft to your school to be sent off to the IB. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate.

Remember that in the middle of these milestones, you'll need to schedule two other reflection sessions with your advisor . (Your teachers will actually take notes on these sessions on a form like this one , which then gets submitted to the IB.)

I recommend doing them when you get feedback on your drafts, but these meetings will ultimately be up to your supervisor. Just don't forget to do them!


The early bird DOES get the worm!

How Is the IB Extended Essay Graded?

Extended Essays are graded by examiners appointed by the IB on a scale of 0 to 34 . You'll be graded on five criteria, each with its own set of points. You can learn more about how EE scoring works by reading the IB guide to extended essays .

  • Criterion A: Focus and Method (6 points maximum)
  • Criterion B: Knowledge and Understanding (6 points maximum)
  • Criterion C: Critical Thinking (12 points maximum)
  • Criterion D: Presentation (4 points maximum)
  • Criterion E: Engagement (6 points maximum)

How well you do on each of these criteria will determine the final letter grade you get for your EE. You must earn at least a D to be eligible to receive your IB Diploma.

Although each criterion has a point value, the IB explicitly states that graders are not converting point totals into grades; instead, they're using qualitative grade descriptors to determine the final grade of your Extended Essay . Grade descriptors are on pages 102-103 of this document .

Here's a rough estimate of how these different point values translate to letter grades based on previous scoring methods for the EE. This is just an estimate —you should read and understand the grade descriptors so you know exactly what the scorers are looking for.

Here is the breakdown of EE scores (from the May 2021 bulletin):

How Does the Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma?

The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to determine how many points you get toward your IB Diploma.

To learn about Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive an IB Diploma, read our complete guide to the IB program and our guide to the IB Diploma requirements .

This diagram shows how the two scores are combined to determine how many points you receive for your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least). In order to get your IB Diploma, you have to earn 24 points across both categories (the TOK and EE). The highest score anyone can earn is 45 points.


Let's say you get an A on your EE and a B on TOK. You will get 3 points toward your Diploma. As of 2014, a student who scores an E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an IB Diploma .

Prior to the class of 2010, a Diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in either the Extended Essay or Theory of Knowledge and still be awarded a Diploma, but this is no longer true.

Figuring out how you're assessed can be a little tricky. Luckily, the IB breaks everything down here in this document . (The assessment information begins on page 219.)

40+ Sample Extended Essays for the IB Diploma Programme

In case you want a little more guidance on how to get an A on your EE, here are over 40 excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure. Essays are grouped by IB subject.

  • Business Management 1
  • Chemistry 1
  • Chemistry 2
  • Chemistry 3
  • Chemistry 4
  • Chemistry 5
  • Chemistry 6
  • Chemistry 7
  • Computer Science 1
  • Economics 1
  • Design Technology 1
  • Design Technology 2
  • Environmental Systems and Societies 1
  • Geography 1
  • Geography 2
  • Geography 3
  • Geography 4
  • Geography 5
  • Geography 6
  • Literature and Performance 1
  • Mathematics 1
  • Mathematics 2
  • Mathematics 3
  • Mathematics 4
  • Mathematics 5
  • Philosophy 1
  • Philosophy 2
  • Philosophy 3
  • Philosophy 4
  • Philosophy 5
  • Psychology 1
  • Psychology 2
  • Psychology 3
  • Psychology 4
  • Psychology 5
  • Social and Cultural Anthropology 1
  • Social and Cultural Anthropology 2
  • Social and Cultural Anthropology 3
  • Sports, Exercise and Health Science 1
  • Sports, Exercise and Health Science 2
  • Visual Arts 1
  • Visual Arts 2
  • Visual Arts 3
  • Visual Arts 4
  • Visual Arts 5
  • World Religion 1
  • World Religion 2
  • World Religion 3


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As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and is committed to helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California. She graduated magna cum laude and scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT. She is also passionate about acting, writing, and photography.

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How to get top marks in the IB Extended Essay

By Olivia Coghlan

pile of books on floor

Students can find the thought of the IB Extended Essay or EE as it is known, intimidating. However, attacking it early can be a wonderful way to take the pressure off in the IB2 year. At the same time, you will hopefully get some strong marks in the bag before the exams roll around.

In this article, we have got our TutorsPlus IB teachers and examiners to reveal the secrets to pulling off a great EE. Also, they give you their recommendations for getting it out of the way before your second IB year.

Wouldn’t that feel good?

Well, the IB Extended Essay is not as tough as you think if you follow these tips.

IB Extended Essay student thinking

The IB Extended Essay Explained

Essentially, The IB Extended Essay is an independent piece of research leading to a 4,000-word essay.  Fundamentally, it takes different forms depending on the subject area the student has chosen, but it is mandatory for all IB Diploma students.

Along with the ToK and the CAS project, the Extended Essay forms what is known in the IB as the “core.”

Generally speaking, the topic a student chooses comes from one of the 6 IB subjects they are studying, but it can also be in world studies.  Each student is allocated a supervisor, usually an IB teacher, to support them and meet regularly for feedback as the essay progresses. However, it is important to note that the IB allows for just one round of written feedback on your Extended Essay.

The process involves three reflection sessions with the IB Extended Essay supervisor.

Finally, the last session is a viva voce where the student is questioned on their research.

Your Extended Essay is externally marked by IB examiners and is marked out of 34 points. An A is a top mark with an E being the bottom. Later, all that work will be worth it, as Admissions Officers at universities agree that it is great preparation for university undergraduate work. Above all for undergraduate theses and essays.

Get your IB Extended Essay timing right

It is generally started in the second term of IB1, however many schools ask IB Students to work on their extended essay and get their first draft done over the summer. Above all, the key is not to put it off!

We have had students call us without even a draft just days before the final deadline. Don’t be this student! This will lead to a poor Extended Essay mark and is a fast route to failure.

In fact, the best approach to your Extended Essay is to complete as much as possible during the summer between your IB years.  This reduces the stress in the second year and gives you better odds of a higher Extended Essay mark, as you are not doing it in a rush.

Most critically, it also avoids the car crash of IB deadlines in IB2.

Funnily enough, your teachers have given you deadlines for a reason.  Even if it is not the final deadline provided by the IB Organisation, it has been done to avoid you having to work on 10 things at once.

Yes, your IB Coordinator wants you to pass with the best possible mark too!

Here are the rough timings you can expect – although it is important to know that each school will have its own approach.

January – February of  IB1 Year:  Decide on your research topic.

Spring of ib1 year: submit your ee research plan and discuss it with your supervisor, ideally try to settle on a title with input from your supervisor., summer between ib1 and ib2 year : we can’t say enough how important it is to come back to school in the ib2 year with a strong draft (not just 4,000 words hastily written in the last week of the holiday)..

The more you can do to get a well-thought-through Extended Essay draft, the less pressure you will have in your final IB year.

September of IB2 year: Get feedback on your first draft. This may mean a big re-engineering of your essay or it could be about optimising it and improving specific areas and aspects of it.  Either way, you will need to devote significant time to improving it at this point.

October of IB2 year: Hand in the second draft with improvements to your supervisor. Start polishing your final draft and get the final presentation laid out including bibliographies, appendices etc.

November-February of IB2 year: You will have your  viva voce , and submit the final essay. Unfortunately, it is unlikely you will get your grade until after you graduate.

group of students legs

How to choose your IB Extended Essay topic & question

This is often a dangerous time for procrastination.  Choose a topic first and make sure it is one you love.  This will help keep your motivation levels high for the long haul.

Next, decide on a research question but keep an open mind.  As you will see, it is important that you are prepared to change it as your research progresses.

It is very important to get your Extended Essay supervisor’s input at this point.  The reason is that they will be aware of potential pitfalls within your topic area or due to the way you have phrased your question. Then, you can also use your supervisor to advise on potential paths for your topic research.

Your IB Extended Essay supervisor can also help refine your question ensuring it is neither too narrow nor too broad. In fact, the most common pitfall is that the EE research question is too broad.  You can avoid this by making sure it is specific, but still has enough room for a detailed investigation.

Remember, it is also important that you keep notes from all your supervisor meetings. Without them, you will find it difficult to write your final reflection.

Furthermore, when you need to explain your responses to setbacks, in your reflection, it is much easier to do when you have these notes at hand.

A top tip from our IB teachers is to choose an EE topic that you are passionate about. In this way, your enthusiasm will show through to the final EE draft. It will also mean that you will enjoy (or dislike less!) the research phase so much more. Above all, avoid overly simple or “trendy” research questions. This means Examiners will be sick of seeing them by the time they mark your EE.

How to research your IB Extended Essay

Before diving into research ensure your EE supervisor has given you the go-ahead on your question, or you risk wasting time. For example, we’ve seen students doing weeks of research on their EE, only to find that their supervisor rejected their question.

Teach yourself how to properly research before starting and you will save time. Regularly, we see students who speed read sources on the internet and bookmark them before moving on to the next one. What the IB is looking for is that you have “read around” the topic area that you have chosen for your EE.

However, make sure your research stays focused on your topic and question.  As it is all too easy to veer off course and waste time.

This means you need to be familiar with the most important sources primary and secondary sources. This also means print sources as well as online. For example newspapers, trade publications, journals, academic papers, books, diaries, etc. In fact, Google Scholar is a great starting point.

Later, these will be in your appendix. More on that further down.

If all your sources have been “googled”, this is a clear sign your research is not as thorough as it should be. Instead, you should be consulting libraries, databases, etc. Also, don’t forget to ask your librarian for help as their assistance is invaluable in creating a top grade EE.

Students often use search engines that can throw up reliable and not-so-reliable sources. With that in mind, we strongly recommend using the CRAP test (currency, reliability, authority, and purpose) that determines whether a website is a credible source or not.

group of IB Extended Essay students on step

How to draft and edit your IB Extended Essay

It may sound obvious, but it is not about simply churning out 4,000 words. In fact, 4,000 words is the absolute maximum word limit. While the word count is something to have in mind and even aim for. It is likely you will write more and edit it down, talking out entire sections of your Extended Essay and making it more succinct.

Whether you take notes by hand or on the computer, do whatever you need to avoid writer’s block.

Remember, getting something written is better than nothing at all.  Later, you can always come back and edit and refine your work.

In fact, as you work on your first draft you may find that there are entire parts you want to cut or rewrite completely and this is fine too.

Be open to your Extended Essay supervisor’s input.

In essence, they also want you to succeed and any changes they recommend will be to improve your final grade.

You will want to make sure that you are answering your question at all points in the Extended Essay.  In fact, we recommend reviewing each paragraph and asking yourself if it addresses your Extended Essay question. Then, if you find it doesn’t cut or change it.

Remember the register of language you need to use. The Extended Essay demands the use of academic language and your style, vocabulary, and tone should reflect this. We work with IB Extended Essay Examiners who are dismayed each year by essays that use slang, repeat themselves, and have spelling and grammar mistakes. Don’t let your essay be like that!

Ask yourself the question; does my essay flow and make sense to a reader who hasn’t done the research? Is it structured, logical, and clear? Are my arguments and counter-arguments backed up by evidence?

However, this doesn’t mean that it becomes complicated to read.  You will find that simple and precise phrasing is best.

The IB Extended Essay Introduction

This will explore the main themes of your essay. Moreover, it will set out the start of your argument.

Many IB EE supervisors say the introduction should explain to the reader what to expect from the EE. Also, it should cover the scope of your research and question as well as your line of argument.  Some IB teachers recommend coming back to write this section at the end.

Remember to keep all your notes and all drafts of your EE until the end, as you never know when you will need them. Save them on the cloud in case anything ever happens to your computer! You could need them for something as simple as tracking down a source or going back to an earlier draft after EE supervisor feedback.

The body of the IB Extended Essay

This is where your argument is developed and your research is used as evidence. It is important that no element of your argument is left for the appendices as it will not be marked.

In some subjects sub-headings will help the essay make sense and for the student to organise their work.

The Extended Essay Conclusion

It is important that there is a final conclusion summing up your arguments.  This is the case, even if you make conclusions within the body of the essay too.

It is also important to draw out any issues that have yet to be resolved or limitations that have been found in answering the question. Of course, it also needs to address the question in all aspects.

Get the IB Extended Essay presentation right

This is one of the simplest areas to pick up marks. However, it does require attention to detail. Be careful to use the IB guide for citing and referencing here. 

It is also important to check (or ask someone else to check) that you have done this correctly.

How to get top marks in your EE by using the marking criteria to improve your IB Extended Essay

Inform yourself by looking at past Extended Essays.  Your teacher will probably share examples with you, so make sure you review them against the marking criteria.

Above all, try to understand for yourself why one Extended Essay has scored the maximum possible points and why another has not scored so well.  This will allow you to think about how you will apply these insights to your own Extended Essay to improve the score.

Make sure you have the marking criteria with you whenever you are working on your Extended Essay, and this will help you ensure your work is addressing every point as you go along.  Then you can keep checking back in to see that you are on track to deliver what the IB Extended Essay examiners are asking for and that all criteria are being met.

You don’t want to be leaving valuable points on the table by not addressing even one of the marking criteria.

Each time you have completed an element of the Extended Essay, look at it critically and ask yourself how many marks would an examiner award? You can even get a friend to do this for you.  At this point, you will see what you need to add or change to secure all the allocated marks.

Academic honesty and your IB Extended Essay 

Students know that academic honesty is an essential part of the Extended Essay research, but some aren’t so clear on why. The IB states this is important, and here’s why:

(“Academic honesty in the IB educational context” , International Baccalaureate Organisation, 2014)

“Proper citation is a key element in academic scholarship and intellectual exchange. When we cite we:

  • show respect for the work of others
  • help a reader to distinguish our work from the work of others who have contributed to our work
  • give the reader the opportunity to check the validity of our use of other people’s work
  • give the reader the opportunity to follow up our references, out of interest
  • show and receive proper credit for our research process
  • demonstrate that we are able to use reliable sources and critically assess them to support our work
  • establish the credibility and authority of our knowledge and ideas
  • demonstrate that we are able to draw our own conclusions
  • share the blame (if we get it wrong).”

Plagiarism, whether intentional or not, is serious and can result in the student not being awarded their IB diploma.

Moreover, always, always, always keep track of your sources as you go. Use a citation generator is a quick way of doing this. There are good free ones available, and they will save you a lot of time.

IB Extended Essay student concentrating

Find your IB EE motivation

Do whatever it takes to keep yourself on track.  What motivates you?

Is it working with a buddy? If so, pair up with a friend or peer to help keep each other on time.  It could be a student from your school, someone you have met in an IB study online forum.  You could have a WhatApp group where you support each other in a group. Whether it is online or face to face it is the support that matters.

Use your Extended Essay supervisor in the best way possible.  Don’t be scared to ask them for help and support.  However, the amount they can help you with your Extended Essay is governed by strict rules from the IB so use their support wisely.

Our IB teachers and examiners recommend making sure your draft is as good as it can possibly be before you share it with them.  In this way you don’t waste the one feedback session on elements you could have improved yourself.

At TutorsPlus our tutors can help you with your IB Extended Essay within the constraints imposed by the IB. Even so, come to us early as you can, last-minute help is never as effective.

You can still rest & have fun

Take a proper break after the end of your first IB year.  If you have worked hard, you will need it.  At the same time, it is entirely possible to have a great vacation and complete your IB Extended Essay over the summer.

So, take that break!  Clear your head, relax and come back fresh and filled with energy.

Once you have had a complete break, you can crack on with your Extended Essay work.

Plan in enough exercise and fresh air to keep yourself fresh, so you can continue working on your Extended Essay efficiently.

Don’t fall into the Extended Essay procrastination trap

Many students say to us that it seems like such a huge piece of work it is easier to put it off. In some respects, 4,000 words may seem unattainable. However, if you think about it like four 1,000-word essays it doesn’t seem anywhere near as bad.

After all, you can write 500 words without thinking too much, right? so, to give you an idea this blog post is just under 2,000-words.

Have you ever been asked how writing the EE compares to eating an elephant? No? Well, the answer is that they both need to be tackled one bite at a time.

This will be the secret to your Extended Essay success.

First, break the project into chunks of manageable size. Second, create a timing plan, and third-get to know the mark scheme like the back of your hand. Then a top mark EE will be in your grasp.

Plan & reward yourself

Break the whole IB Extended Essay process down into manageable steps and allocate a specific time for each one. Soon you will have a plan covering each stage from creating the question, to research, writing the introduction, editing, etc.

Once this is done it won’t seem like such a mountain to climb.  Rather a series of small hills.

Share your Extended Essay plan and timings with your family or a friend.  Doing this helps you be accountable and reduces the possibility of your timings slipping.

A great tip is to find something to reward you at the end of each stage to keep you going through the Extended Essay marathon.

Plan your time well and realistically.  Be frank and honest with yourself and organise lots of small deadlines for yourself which will be achievable.

TutorsPlus offer pre-IB tuition in all subjects to help international students prepare for this demanding programme.

Don’t panic – everything in your EE can be fixed!

Remember, until the final EE submission, everything can be changed. So, try not to panic and instead get going and try to enjoy the process if you can.  In the end, you will have an EE you can be proud of!

Why does the IB say the Extended Essay is important?

The IB organisation itself states the following here

The extended essay provides:

  • practical preparation for undergraduate research
  • an opportunity for students to investigate a topic of personal interest to them, which relates to one of the student’s six DP subjects, or takes the interdisciplinary approach of a World Studies extended essay.

Through the research process for the extended essay, students develop skills in:

  • formulating an appropriate research question
  • engaging in a personal exploration of the topic
  • communicating ideas
  • developing an argument.

Our tutors know the IB inside-out and truly work magic to draw out each student’s ability to self-direct their learning. You can reach TutorsPlus at 022 731 8148 or [email protected]

By Sara Lloyd

Sara has been an education consultant for TutorsPlus for 15 years and is an expert on international IB education. She is also a parent of two lively children.

Check out our IB EE page for more info on our IB teachers and Examiners who can help.

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IB Business and Management EE examples

Filter exemplars, to what extent can four seasons hotel’s success be attributed to its corporate culture and isadore sharp’s leadership style, to what extent does vivienne westwood's sustainable fashion initiatives provide it with a competitive advantage over other luxury brands, want to get full marks for your ee allow us to review it for you 🎯, to what extent has the change in corporate leadership at apple inc. from steve jobs to tim cook impacted the company's innovation and product development, how has apple used sustainable innovation to gain a competitive edge, to what extent has zoom’s freemium business model influenced its market leadership position in the north american video conferencing market from 2020 to 2021, fast track your coursework with mark schemes moderated by ib examiners. upgrade now 🚀, how have amazon's market strategies contributed in successfully growing its e-commerce business internationally, to what extent has google's diversification into the wearables industry increased its profitability, to what extent was amazon’s decision to expand into the physical grocery retail industry a successful change management strategy, to what extent can the growth of disney+ be sustained as the pandemic’s effects begin to wear off, to what extent can robert iger's leadership style influence the organisational culture and creative success of the walt disney company, to what extent have tesla’s distinct marketing strategies been effective at promoting its automotive business”, to what extent have the corporate social responsibility (csr) policies of the body shop (tbs) have increased its customer base in the united kingdom (uk) cosmetic market since 2018-2020, to what extent has spotify’s podcast innovation been an effective growth strategy to increase its profitability, to what extent has innovation and product development contributed to apple being a market leader, how successful has netflix inc.’s content strategy been at ensuring market and financial growth, how has total quality management at louis vuitton contributed to its success as the market leader, to what extent does google's corporate culture contribute to its productivity, to what extent is the implementation of fuliza service profitable towards the safaricom company through the years of 2019-2022, to what extent does market-oriented approach give netflix, inc. a competitive advantage in the streaming entertainment industry, to what extent has facebook’s market position been affected by the rename to meta in 2021, how significant is the external environment in influencing amazon corporations' operations and csr policies, to what extent will toyota’s diversification help increase business revenues and market share, to what extent can amazon's market share in australia be attributed to their distinct marketing mix, to what extent did the sustainability of nike affect their profitability in the sports apparel industry, to what extent can the forever21 bankruptcy of 2019 be accredited to its over-expansion and supply-chain mismanagement, to what extent has youtube helped sidemen build successful businesses, to what extent implementing effective product strategies have led hp inc. to increase the market share in the indian market in the last 5 years, to what extent does the success of mcdonald's in the real estate business compared to the fast-food business in united states, to what extent has the launch of disney+ proven successful in advancing disney’s digital presence and establishing market dominance in the subscription-based video on demand (svod) market, to what extent will the merger between psa and fca increase their market share in china, to what extent has corporate social responsibility affected petron's philippine brand positioning between 2014-2018, through which strategies can patagonia’s ethical business model best translate to increased sales revenue, to what extent can the decline in profitability of jet airways be attributed to its ineffective organisational culture, to what extent was at&t’s acquisition of time warner an effective growth strategy, how effective have the strategies used by coca cola been in ensuring it remains competitive in the beverage industry in india, to what extent will ikea’s pursuit of its 2030 goals and achieving them allow them to contribute to a more circular economy, to what extent has netflix's decision to incorporate games into their apps helped in maintaining customer loyalty and acquiring new customers, to what extent does adidas’s career development ‘talent carousel’successful in improving employee’s motivation and thus affecting their financial status, to what extent can elon musk’s twitter acquisition affect different stakeholder groups, to what extent were starbucks’ marketing strategies effective in increasing its growth in revenue between 2015-2022 in india.


IB Extended Essay: Reflections

  • Research Questions
  • Past Essays
  • Notes & Outlines
  • Works Cited Page
  • In-Text Citations
  • Assessment Criteria
  • Reflections
  • Supervisor Info
  • Net Valley Library This link opens in a new window

extended essay full marks

Three Reflections: Prompts & Examples

  • Reflection 1
  • #1: Example
  • Reflection 2
  • #2: Example
  • Reflection 3
  • #3: Example
  • Scored Samples

Write the first reflection  after one of the early sessions with your supervisor. Focus on...

  • Your ideas regarding the topic in general
  • The research question you have in mind
  • Initial background reading or research you may have conducted
  • Possible approaches
  • Initial thoughts about the answer to your research question
  • Roughly 100 words in length

Guiding Questions:

  • What exactly do you want to find out?
  • What resources do you plan to use?
  • What problems do you anticipate?
  • To what extent does your topic fit within the subject EE criteria?
  • What sources have you found and what do you still need to find?
  • Have you collected sufficient data? (if applicable)
  • Why are you interested in research this?
  • Do you have sufficient knowledge in the subject area to fulfill the EE requirements?
  • Are there any ethical issues to consider before beginning this research?

Sample 1st Reflection: History

I was attracted to Anna Comnena's  The Alexiad  as a result of some extra readings which formed part of my IB History course (Crusades). As the first female historian, she stands in a unique place in terms of historiography, something which appealed to me as both a woman and budding historian. I was initially considering writing about her accounts of the First Crusade but quickly found the topic to be far too wide in scope. A reading of Paul Magdalino's article "The Pen of the Aunt" helped refocus me on the issue of historical purpose, i.e., why she wrote the history she did. I have now allocated time to reading historical accounts of Manuel I's reign to decide how closely the events Anna mentions in her history of her father's reign (Alexius) so as to validate my current hypothesis-  that Anna intended the work as a celebratory account of her father so as to cast a negative light on the rule of her nephew Manuel I. My current list includes Runciman, France, Macrides, Christomides, and Hill.

The Second Reflection session usually falls somewhere in the middle to latter half of your EE process

  • Discuss how the research question has become more refined
  • Comment on any challenges you have encountered & what solutions you have attempted
  • Discuss how your thinking on your topic has evolved
  • Roughly 200 words in length

Where was I? Where I am now? Where am I going?

What sources do you find helpful?

How have you evaluated your sources?

Have you adopted a structure for writing based on what the IB requires?

What do you need to do next?

Sample of 2nd Reflection: History

I was finding it hard to come up with a satisfactory counter to the question of accuracy and authenticity which feature prominently in modern readings of her work. Historians ranging from Edward Gibbon and John France to the more direct Howard-Johnson paper which completely challenges her authorship effectively negated my hypothesis entirely. Using Magdalino and Hill as a focus point, I re-read key sections of  The Alexiad  and mapped out her account against the policital events of Manuel I's reign and quickly discovered some interesting overlaps (building works, military campaigns, relations with the West, etc.). Though occasionally obscure and subtle, the criticisms emerge by means of an unspoken comparison which Byzantine readers of her account would have well understood. This approach is providing me with a suitable counter to the aforementioned criticisms. I have also begun structuring my work accordingly with sections devoted to historical context followed by a section on  The Alexiad  which compares and contrasts events from Alexius' time with those of Manuel's. I am considering a chapter on the historiographical tradition of Byzantium but may integrate it into the main body in the end.

The Third Reflection can be written before the Viva Voce meeting to help you prepare for the conversation.

  • Offer your final reflections on the process
  • Discuss any achievements realized or challenges overcome
  • Discuss elements that allowed you to complete the task that may not be readily apparent in the essay itself.
  • Discuss any relevant ATL's (Approaches to Learning) that you have developed through the process & be ready to provide good examples.

Guiding Questions

What did you discover that surprised you?

Is writing the EE mainly about process or product AND why?

What would you have done differently and why?

What advice would you give to a student just beginning this process?

What have been the high and low points of the research and writing processes?

What would you have done differently?

What is the most important thing that you learned?

What was your greatest challenge and how did you overcome it?

What would you change if you did another EE?

What was the most valuable experience that you took away from the process?

What was your greatest challenge and what did you do to overcome it?

What IB learner profile attribute would you say helped you through the process (communicator, risk-taker, etc.)?

Would you like to continue reading on this topic?

What questions did this process raise?

What conclusions have you drawn about the topic?

Sample 3rd Reflection: History

I am very pleased with how the essay has turned out. Skills wise, I had no problems with referencing which I picked up quickly though integrating source analysis did prove a challenge at times due to my narrative tendencies. I believe I've been able to challenge the orthodox interpretations of Anna's work as a piece of fantasy fiction at the hands of a disgruntled woman by showing that Anna was effectively using one of the few weapons still permitted her in her diminished political state- the power of words- to criticize the existing leadership. Hill's works proved of particular use to me as they examined female power in a broader context and thus gave me a framework for interpreting what Anna was able to do within the context of her time.

  • Lang & Lit (scored 3)
  • Lang & Lit (scored 4)
  • Psychology (scored 4)
  • Visual Arts (scored 3)
  • Visual Arts (scored 4)
  • Geography (scored 6)
  • Philosophy (scored 6)
  • World Religions  (scored 6)

Also see these examples with examiner comments

Questions to Ask Yourself

Avoid using only description and keep descriptions brief. Use the prompts to spark your thinking.

See  reflections with Examiner comments to get an idea of the level of thinking you want to attain.

Descriptive Ideas (limited reflection)

  • What did I do?
  • How did I undertake my research?
  • What were the problems I faced?
  • Did my approach or strategies change throughout the process?
  • What have been the high and the low points of the research and writing process?

Analytical Ideas (good reflection)

  • To what extent was my research successful?
  • If I changed approach or strategies during the process, why did I do this?
  • What did I learn from the experience in terms of my understanding of the subject area and/or skills needed?
  • How has my understanding of the topic and process developed?

Evaluative Ideas (excellent reflection)

  • If I did this again, what would I do differently?
  • If I did this again, would I change the theories applied, or my methodology?
  • Would there be a different outcome?
  • What can I conclude?
  • Were the strategies I used most appropriate for achieving my outcomes?
  • What questions emerged as a result of my research? Would these questions influence my approach if I did this all over again?

Reflection Tips

IB Mastery  (article + video)

Writing Tips:

  • Use strong active verbs (eliminate "to be", is, was)
  • Personal interest
  • Research Planning
  • Concrete details/examples (brief)
  • Use words such as: choice, decision, progress, engaged 

Sentence starters:

  • "I decided to...."
  • "I gained insight when...because of...regarding...."
  • "I adjusted my approach when/because/due to/ order to..."
  • "Based on ---, I decided to ---"
  • "I made progress when...."

Criterion E: Engagement

EE Marks Breakdown:

A: Focus and method (6 marks) B: Knowledge and understanding (6 marks) C: Critical thinking (12 marks) D: Presentation (4 marks) E: Engagement (6 marks) = Your REFLECTIONS! Total marks awarded: 34 

Due Dates (Class of 2022)

Submit to MB in the "Progress and Planning" tab

First Reflection (100 words)

  • Week of May 10-14

Interim Reflection (150 words)

  • Week of Sept 6-10

Viva Voce and Final Reflection (250 words)

  • Between Oct 20 - Nov 6
  • << Previous: Assessment Criteria
  • Next: Supervisor Info >>
  • Last Updated: Apr 9, 2024 9:39 AM
  • URL:

Extended Essay Guide: Criteria, Format, Sample EEs

  • Criteria, Format, Sample EEs
  • Annotated Bibliographies
  • DP Research Process
  • Databases & Academic Journals
  • Evaluate Sources
  • Academic Integrity
  • MLA Citation Format
  • CSE Citation Format (Science & Math)
  • Video Tutorials 2024

The Assessment Crtiteria in Detail!

  • Criterion A: Focus and method
  • Criterion B: Knowledge and understanding
  • Criterion C: Critical Thinking
  • Criterion D: Presentation
  • Criterion E: Engagement
  • EE_How to maximize marks for different subjects?

extended essay full marks

  • Criterion C: Critical thinking

Notes from the IB

RE: Research Question and Title of Extended Essay

Please note the statement below from the EE curriculum manager regarding the need to have both a title and a RQ for all subjects. Previous versions of the EE Guide indicated that the title and the RQ should be the same for History, Business Management and Mathematics. This is no longer the case.  All essays, regardless of the subject, need to have both a RQ and a title.

Hi Kathy, 

To answer your question, I am going to quote directly from a response John Royce provided, on this forum, in October in response to a very similar question: (it was a question about using Spanish sources - hence the mention of Spanish)

It is certainly  permissible to use sources which are not in the language of the essay, but translation into the target language is required , one cannot assume that the reader understands the original language.

It is usual to quote the original as well as presenting the translation.  [Do not put quotation marks around your translation, just around the original]

Umberto Eco argues ("in Mouse or rat?") that direct translation may lose meaning, paraphrase or use of different idioms may be required to get the ideas across. Paul Bellos ("Is that a fish in your ear?") makes a similar argument - direct translation may confound meaning... Direct translation may not be ideal - meaning and understanding are preferred - so, not to worry that your student with her good Spanish cannot present a direct translation.

What  must be made clear is that the translations are those of the student;  these are her understandings. Readers can make of that what they will - and if unsure, are presented with the original - they can seek another translation.  A note in the acknowledgements and/or in the introduction to the effect that all translations are those of the writer is ... essential.

In response to the question about the  Bibliography/Works cited, my preference would be to list the source in its original Thai version, but perhaps with the English in brackets, to help the examiner.

Your bibliography will have the entries in Thai characters first in the document. Any in-text citation to Thai sources will be in (Thai characters [English translation]).

Citation in Thai [English translation]

Works Cited Example:

วงษ์ปัญญา, ธนกร [Wongpunya, Thanakorn]. “โรงงานยาสูบรวยแค่ไหน และเอาเงินไปทำอะไรบ้าง.”  [How rich is the Thailand Tobacco Monopoly and where does the money go?] (candidate translation). The Standard, The Standard, 30 Aug. 2018,

Format of the Extended Essay

Required Formatting

The extended essay should be written in a clear, correct and formal academic style, appropriate to the subject from which the topic is drawn. Given that the extended essay is a formally written research paper, it should strive to maintain a professional, academic look. 

To help achieve this, the following formatting is  required:

  • 12-point, readable font (Calibri or Times New Roman);
  • double spacing throughout entire Essay;
  • page numbering - top right corner;
  • no candidate or school name or supervisor name on the title page or page headers.

Submitting the extended essay in the required format will help set the tone of the essay and will aid readability for on-screen assessment by examiners.

Required S tructure

The structure of the essay is very important. It helps students to organize the argument, making the best use of the evidence collected. 

There are six required elements of the final work to be submitted. More details about each element are given in the  “Presentation”  section. Please note that the order in which these elements are presented here is not necessarily the order in which they should be written. 

Six required elements of the extended essay:

  • Contents page
  • Introduction
  • Body of the essay
  • References and bibliography -- if MLA "Works Cited" if CSE "References"

1. Required Title Page  

The title page should include  only  the following information: 

  • the title of the essay
  • the research question
  • the subject the essay is registered in (if it is a language essay also state which category it falls into; if a world studies essay also state the theme and the two subjects utilized) 

The upper limit is 4,000 words for all extended essays. 

extended essay full marks

2. Required Contents Page

A contents page must be provided at the beginning of the extended essay and all pages should be numbered. Please note that an index page is not required and if included will be treated as if it is not present.

3. Required Introduction

The introduction should tell the reader what to expect in the essay. The introduction should make clear to the reader the focus of the essay, the scope of the research, in particular an indication of the sources to be used, and an insight into the line of argument to be taken. 

While students should have a sense of the direction and key focus of their essay, it is sometimes advisable to finalize the introduction once the body of the essay is complete.

4. Required Body of the Essay  (research, analysis, discussion, and evaluation)

The main task is writing the body of the essay, which should be presented in the form of a reasoned argument. The form of this varies with the subject of the essay but as the argument develops it should be clear to the reader what relevant evidence has been discovered, where/how it has been discovered and how it supports the argument. In some subjects, for example, the sciences, sub-headings within the main body of the essay will help the reader to understand the argument (and will also help the student to keep on track). In structuring their extended essay, students must take into consideration the expected conventions of the subject in which their extended essay is registered. 

Once the main body of the essay is complete, it is possible to finalize the introduction (which tells the reader what to expect) and the conclusion (which says what has been achieved, including notes of any limitations and any questions that have not been resolved). 

Any information that is important to the argument  must not  be included in appendices or footnotes/endnotes. The examiner  will not  read notes or appendices, so an essay that is not complete in itself will be compromised across the assessment criteria.

5. Required Conclusion

The conclusion says what has been achieved, including notes of any limitations and any questions that have not been resolved. While students might draw conclusions throughout the essay based on their findings, it is important that there is a final, summative conclusion at the end. This conclusion(s) must relate to the research question posed.

6.  Required References & Bibliography

Students should use their chosen style of academic referencing as soon as they start writing. That way they are less likely to forget to include a citation. It is also easier than trying to add references at a later stage. For more information on this, refer to the guidelines in the IB document  Effective citing and referencing.

Writing the essay takes time but if students have used their Researcher's reflection space and reflection sessions in a meaningful way they should be well prepared to develop their arguments.

Extended Essay - Examples & Exemplars

  • Essays from May 2018 with IB marks and commentaries
  • Assessed Student Work & Commentary IB-provided. "Student sample extended essays, corresponding marks and comments from senior examiners are available for the following Diploma Programme disciplines. Please note that in light of not having authentic RPPFs to accompany these essays, they are marked against criteria A – D only, for a total of 28 possible marks. Following the first assessment session in 2018, exemplars will be refreshed with authentic sample material." more... less... Biology English Economics History Studies in language and literature Language acquisition Mathematics Psychology Visual arts World studies extended essay (WSEE)
  • Excellenet Extended Essays Concordian GoogleDoc
  • EngA1_Othello EE Othello 2018 From Click the link to see the score and evaluation.
  • Fifty (50) More Excellent Extended Essays DVD by International Baccalaureate Call Number: HS DVD 808.4 ISBN: 9781906345600 Publication Date: 2011 1 DVD-ROM (1:33 min.)

Past CIS Extended Essays

Available in the library behind the desk are file folders of past Extended Essays by Concordian students and IB EE Exemplars. Feel free to browse the papers which must be kept in the library.

extended essay full marks

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  • Last Updated: Feb 27, 2024 8:42 AM
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  • Support Sites

Extended Essay Support Site

Assessment criteria, criterion a: focus and method.

  • To what extent is the topic of the essay communicated effectively?
  • To what extent is the research question clearly stated and focused?
  • To what extent is the methodology of teh research complete?

Criterion B: Knowledge and understanding

  • To what extent does the essay show knowledge and understanding?
  • To what extent is the use of concepts and terminology clear and appropriate?

Criterion C: Critical thinking

Note: If the topic or research question is inappropriate for the subject, candidates will not be awarded more than 3 marks for Criterion C.

  • To what extent is the research appropriate to the research question and its application relevant to the argument?
  • To what extent is the research analysed and focused on the research question ?
  • To what extent are conclusions drawn from evidence?
  • To what extent is a reasoned argument developed from the research with a conclusion that is drawn from the evidence?
  • To what extent is a reasoned argument structured and coherent?
  • To what extent has the research been critically evaluated?

Criterion D: Presentation

  • To what extent does the structure of the essay lend itself to the topic, subject and argument?
  • To what extent is the layout correct?
  • To what extent do the structure and layout support the reading, understanding and evaluation of the essay?

Criterion E: Engagement

  • To what extent does the RPPF show reflection on decision making and planning?
  • To what extent does the RPPF show personal engagement with the focus and process of research?

Are you looking for an EE checklist? Before you explore the one on this Support Site, try to make your own. The best checklists are based on the assessment criteria. Study the criteria above to make your own EE checklist.


(Photo: Nigel Kinrade Photography)

Connor Zilisch Leads Every Lap, Wins ARCA East at Flat Rock

Even with a three-lap dash to the finish, Connor Zilisch was not going to be denied the victory. He led every lap en route to winning the ARCA Menards Series race at Flat Rock Speedway on Saturday (May 18) night.

Zilisch won the pole and absolutely dominated the 150-lap race at the 0.25-mile short track. He lapped all the way up to fourth-place Toni Breidinger and scored his second career East victory.

Zilisch also earned the fourth East win for Pinnacle Racing Group and its fifth overall triumph.

Never a doubt. @ConnorZilisch keeps the lead on a late restart and holds on for victory at @FRSpeedway ! — ARCA Menards Series (@ARCA_Racing) May 19, 2024

“Yeah you explained it best, this Pinnacle Racing Group team, man, we got our teeth beat in last week and we came back this week,” Zilisch victoriously told ARCA Communications Manager Charles Krall via FloRacing. “We don’t quit and you know all these guys, they work so hard back at the shop. This is their fourth weekend in a row on the road. And it’s not easy for these guys, they work day in, day out to, you know, bring fast racecars to the track and make this all possible. So, yeah, this one means a lot. Really it does because last week was tough. You know we’re all really frustrated. But like I said, we don’t quit and to come here and lead every lap, it means a lot.”

Defending race winner William Sawalich finished second followed by Gio Ruggiero in third.

“Yeah lapped cars were pretty tough today but the Joe Gibbs Racing crew brought me a really fast Starkey Soundgear Toyota Camry so really proud of that,” Sawalich said post-race. “Second place, not where we wanted to be but we’ll definitely take it so we’ll come back better.”

“Yeah you know, just fought a tight racecar all day and just need to better for next time we come back here and it’s unfortunate but we’ll get them at the next one,” Ruggiero added.

Driving the No. 55 Toyota instead of her usual No. 25 that she drives full time in the national series, Breidinger wound up fourth, one spot behind her Venturini Motorsports teammate Ruggiero.

Fast Track Racing drivers Zachary Tinkle , Matt Kemp , Blaine Donahue and Jayson Alexander came home fifth through eighth, respectively.

DL Wilson picked up his third top 10 of the season, and second in a row, with his ninth-place result. Cody Dennison rounded out the top-10 finishers in 10th place, tying his career-best previously set in the season opener at Five Flags Speedway.

In the second-ever East race at Flat Rock, the caution flag flew only twice in the race, one with zero scheduled breaks. Colton Collins spun on lap 3 and Dennison spun with less than 10 laps to go.

Zilisch weaved his way through lapped traffic and extended his points lead with half of the eight-race season now complete.

ARCA East Results from Flat Rock

The East field will next compete at Iowa Speedway in a combination race with the ARCA Menards Series. The drivers will battle at the 0.875-mile short track on Friday, June 14 at 8 p.m. ET with TV coverage provided by FOX Sports 1.

About the author

Mark Kristl

Mark Kristl joined Frontstretch at the beginning of the 2019 NASCAR season. He is the site's ARCA Menards Series editor. Kristl is also an Eagle Scout and a proud University of Dayton alum.

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Guest Essay

The Best College Is One Where You Don’t Fit In

Two people walking down a pathway on an otherwise seemingly empty college campus.

By Michael S. Roth

Mr. Roth is the president of Wesleyan University.

This time of year, college campuses like the one where I live fill up with high school seniors preparing to make what feels like a momentous choice. The first imperative is to find a school that they can afford, but beyond that, many students have been advised to find one where they can see themselves. Too often, they take this to mean finding a place with students like them, even students who look like them — a place where they will feel comfortable. I can’t tell you how many families have described driving many hours to a campus somewhere and having their daughter or son say something like: “We don’t need to get out. I can tell already this isn’t for me.”

“How about the info session?” the patient parent asks.

Choosing a college based on where you feel comfortable is a mistake. The most rewarding forms of education make you feel very uncomfortable, not least because they force you to recognize your own ignorance. Students should hope to encounter ideas and experience cultural forms that push them beyond their current opinions and tastes. Sure, revulsion is possible (and one can learn from that), but so is the discovery that your filtered ways of taking in the world had blocked out things in which you now delight. One learns from that, too.

Either way, a college education should enable you to discover capabilities you didn’t even know you had while deepening those that provide you with meaning and direction. To discover these capabilities is to practice freedom, the opposite of trying to figure out how to conform to the world as it is. Tomorrow the world will be different anyway. Education should help you find ways of shaping change, not just ways of coping with it.

These days, the first thing that campus visitors may notice are protests over the war in Gaza. These will be attractive to some who see in them an admirable commitment to principle and off-putting to those who see evidence of groupthink or intimidation. Any campus should be a “ safe enough space ,” one free of harassment and intimidation, but not one where identities and beliefs are just reinforced. That’s why it’s profoundly disturbing to hear of Jewish students afraid to move about because of the threat of verbal and physical abuse. And that’s why it’s inspiring to see Muslim and Jewish students camped out together to protest a war they think is unjust.

Refusing to conform can mean being rebellious, but it can also mean just going against the grain, like being unabashedly religious in a very secular institution or being the conservative or libertarian voice in classes filled with progressives. I recently asked one such student if he perceived any faculty bias. “Don’t worry about me,” he replied. “My professors find me fascinating.” Some of the military veterans who’ve attended my liberal arts university have disrupted the easy prejudices of their progressive peers while finding themselves working in areas they’d never expected to be interested in.

Over the years, I’ve found nonconformists to be the most interesting people to have in my classes; I’ve also found that they often turn out to be the people who add the greatest value to the organizations in which they work. I’m thinking of Kendall, a computer science major I had in a philosophy class whom I saw on campus recently because she was directing an ambitious musical. When I expressed my admiration at her unlikely combination of interests, she was almost insulted by my surprise and enthusiasm. Had I really stereotyped her as someone not interested in the arts just because she excels in science?

Or take the student activist (please!) who a couple of years after leading a demonstration to the president’s office made an appointment to meet with me. I was worried about new political demands, but she had something else in mind: getting a recommendation for law school. I could, she reminded me with a smile, write about her leadership abilities on campus. And I did.

Of course, even students who refuse to fall in with the herd should learn how to listen and speak to it and to various groups different from their own. That’s an increasingly valuable capacity, and it will help them make their way in the world, whatever school they attend, whatever their major.

Side by side, students should learn how to be full human beings, not mere appendages, and this means continually questioning what they are doing and learning from one another. “Truly speaking,” Ralph Waldo Emerson said about a century ago, “it is not instruction, but provocation, that I can receive from another soul.” That’s why the colleges — large public institutions or small faith-based colleges or anything in between — that nurture and respond to the energies of their students are the ones that feel most intellectually alive.

So, what makes a school the right one? It’s not the prestige of a name or the campus amenities. First and foremost, it’s the teachers. Great teachers help make a college great because they themselves are never done being students. Sure, there are plenty of schools filled with faculty members who think alike, who relish the bubble of fellowship in received opinion. A college can make being weird or radical into adolescent orthodoxy. These places should be avoided. By contrast, there are colleges with great teachers who practice freedom by activating wonder, a capacity for appreciation and a taste for inquiry — and who do so because they themselves seek out these broadening experiences. You can feel their own nonconformity as they try to provoke their students away from the various forms of received opinion.

Finding the right college will often mean finding these kinds of people — classmates and mentors, perpetual students who seek open-ended learning that brings joy and meaning. That’s what young people checking out schools should really be looking for: not a place merely to fit in but a place to practice freedom in good company.

Michael S. Roth is the president of Wesleyan University. His most recent books are “ The Student: A Short History” and “ Safe Enough Spaces: A Pragmatist’s Approach to Inclusion, Free Speech, and Political Correctness on College Campuses.”

The Times is committed to publishing a diversity of letters to the editor. We’d like to hear what you think about this or any of our articles. Here are some tips . And here’s our email: [email protected] .

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    IB mission statement The International Baccalaureate aims to develop inquiring, knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect.

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    Items in the IB store are available to everyone. Publications include: 50 more extended essays, a DVD of essays submitted in the DP that all fulfil the requirements for an 'A' grade in the current syllabus; The Extended Essay Guide, a free material in the Programme Resource Centre (PRC), which requires a log-in given to IB World Schools; 10 monografias excelentes, a digital document ...

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    The Extended Essay demands an in-depth study of a student-chosen topic that is aligned with one of the IB Subject Areas. The aims of the EE are to provide students with the opportunity to: conduct independent research on a focused topic. form a clear and arguable research question/thesis.

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    Write the first reflection after one of the early sessions with your supervisor. Focus on... Your ideas regarding the topic in general. The research question you have in mind. Initial background reading or research you may have conducted. Possible approaches. Initial thoughts about the answer to your research question. Roughly 100 words in length.

  19. Extended Essay Guide: Criteria, Format, Sample EEs

    The extended essay should be written in a clear, correct and formal academic style, appropriate to the subject from which the topic is drawn. Given that the extended essay is a formally written research paper, it should strive to maintain a professional, academic look. ... "Student sample extended essays, corresponding marks and comments from ...

  20. PDF IB MATHEMATICS: Extended Essay Assessment Criterion A: Focus and Method

    IB MATHEMATICS: Extended Essay Assessment All extended essays are externally assessed by examiners appointed by the IBO. All extended essays are marked on a scale from 0 to 34. For each criterion, examiners are instructed to identify the level descriptor that is most appropriate (i.e. the best match) for the

  21. PDF IB HISTORY: Extended Essay Assessment Criterion A: Focus and Method 6

    If the ten-year rule has not been adhered to, a maximum of only 4 marks can be awarded in this criterion. If the topic or research question is deemed inappropriate for the subject in which the essay is registered, no more than four marks can be awarded for this criterion. This applies to history essays that breach the 10-year rule.

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    4 of the 34 marks for the Extended Essay are for Criterion D: Presentation. The IB does not provide a checklist to remind you to include page numbers, captions and correct citations. Instead Criterion D asks: To what extent does the structure of the essay lend itself to the topic, subject and argument? To what extent is the layout correct?

  23. Extended essay: Assessment criteria

    Marks. Descriptor. 1-2. The topic is not clearly identified or explained. The purpose and focus of the research are unclear and do not lend themselves to the subject. The research question is too broad and does not lend itself to an investigation in the subject. The research question is understood but not clearly articulated.

  24. Connor Zilisch Leads Every Lap, Wins ARCA East at Flat Rock

    May 18, 2024 Mark Kristl Even with a three-lap dash to the finish, Connor Zilisch was not going to be denied the victory. He led every lap en route to winning the ARCA Menards Series race at Flat ...

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