• PhD Types - Understanding Different Doctoral Degrees

Types of PhD

When is a 'PhD' not a PhD? When it's a DPhil, DBA, EdD or other type of doctorate degree.

The traditional PhD (or 'Doctor of Philosophy') is the best-known advanced research qualification, but several other types of doctoral degree exist. Some of these are academic qualifications in specific subject areas. Others are professional doctorates with a slightly different format.

The way in which candidates study for a PhD is also becoming more varied, with the opportunity to research part time or even pursue a joint doctorate degree , awarded by more than one university.

But there's no need to be confused. This page explains and compares the options available to you.

Not sure where to start? Read our step by step guide to finding the right PhD .

doctor phd degrees

Designed for experienced managers and business leaders, the DBA is a prestigious and highly-specialised professional doctoral degree.

doctor phd degrees

Ideal for senior teachers and policy makers, an Education Doctorate combines advanced training with original research.

doctor phd degrees

Joint PhD programmes involve collaboration between two (or more) different universities. So how does that work? Who can apply? And what are the advantages (and disadvantages) of researching in this way?

doctor phd degrees

The PhD is the most common variety of doctorate, but others are awarded in specific disciplines or sometimes particular countries.

doctor phd degrees

Integrated PhD programmes consist of a one-year Masters followed by three years of PhD research. Find out more about what it's like to study an integrated PhD, how to apply and the funding options available.

doctor phd degrees

Thinking of applying for the Doctor of Engineering (EngD)? Our guide covers everything you need to know about the qualification, including costs, applications, programme content, and how it differs from a PhD.

Comparing PhD types

Wondering which type of doctorate degree is right for you? The following table offers a quick overview of the most common types of PhD and other doctorates:

PhD Types
Qualification Full Title Subjects Type
PhD / DPhil Doctor of Philosophy All Academic
DBA Doctor of Business Administration Business and Management Professional
EngD / PhD (Eng) Doctor of Engineering Engineering Professional
EdD / D.Ed Doctor of Education Education Professional
DSocSci Doctor of Social Science Social Sciences Professional
DProf Doctor of Professional Studies All Professional
DArch Doctor of Architecture Architecture Professional
MD Doctor of Medicine Medicine and Health Sciences Professional / Higher
Th.D Doctor of Theology Theology and Religious Studies Academic
DD / DDiv Doctor of Divinity Theology and Religious Studies Higher / Honorary
Dsc / ScD Doctor of Science Science, Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Higher / Honorary
DLitt / LitD Doctor of Science Arts and Humanities Higher / Honorary

Please note that this table doesn't include every type of doctorate. Many other subjects (and countries ) award their own specific qualifications, but we've covered some of the most popular here.

You can more about some of these degree types in our guide to different varieties of doctorate .

Understanding this table

The doctorates in the above table are divided into different types, as follows:

  • Academic doctorates (such as the standard PhD) are usually awarded for original research and scholarship in traditional academic subjects. They can prepare a student for various careers, but their main focus is on broadening theoretical understanding of a subject, rather than improving professional practice.
  • Professional doctorates are awarded for work that contributes directly to knowledge or practice in a specific vocational field. They still involve original research and analysis, but also incorporate more practical training and instruction. Candidates may require appropriate experience.
  • Higher doctorates are usually awarded later in a person's career, as a means of recognising esteemed researchers or practitioners. Students do not normally enrol for these doctorates as traditional university degrees.
  • Honorary doctorates are awarded to celebrate an individual's achievements. They do not require any specific track record of academic or professional work and can be granted at the discretion of a university. Students do not enrol for these doctorates.

As a prospective postgraduate student, you only really need to concern yourself with academic or professional research degrees.

We've included higher and honorary doctorates here in order to try and prevent them being confused with more 'conventional' PhDs (and to give you some inspiration for later in your career!).

DPhil vs PhD

Many people believe that the DPhil and PhD are different degrees. This is not true. ‘DPhil’ is an abbreviation of ‘Doctor of Philosophy’. Essentially, ‘DPhil’ and ‘PhD’ are two different ways of referring to the same doctoral degree.

‘DPhil’ is traditionally a British term and so only a few universities (most notably, the University of Oxford) still use it. Most universities around the world use the term ‘PhD’. While you might have to explain to a foreign employer what a DPhil is, you can be safe in the knowledge that both degrees are the same prestigious Doctor of Philosophy award.

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Types of Doctorates

Learn about the different types of Doctorates available to you, including their eligibility, durations, fees and benefits. Find out which one would be most beneficial to you.

Key Resources

Professional Doctorate Degrees - real world Doctoral Degrees

What are Professional Doctorates?

Professional doctorates are advanced postgraduate degrees that combine taught components with independent research in a student’s area of expertise. Find out what they involve.

Integrated Masters with PhD

Integrated Masters with PhD – Explained

An Integrated Masters with a PhD is a relatively new form of Postgraduate study, but what exactly are they and who are they for? We explain all.

What is a PhD

What is a PhD?

Contemplating whether to do a PhD or just want to find out more? We explore all aspects of PhD life, from what it involves to the benefits it provides.

What is a Graduate Teaching Assistant

What Is a Graduate Teaching Assistant? – Explained

GTAs are postgraduate research students who support academic and faculty staff members with their teaching responsibility. Learn more about what this involves.

What is a Master of Philosophy (MPhil) explained

What Is an MPhil? – A Complete Guide

‘MPhil’ stands for ‘Master of Philosophy’ and is an advance postgraduate degree. Learn about what’s involved, how much it costs and what you can do afterwards.

A Guide to Part Time PhD programmes

Part Time PhDs – Everything You Need To Know

Whilst the core activities of a part time PhD are identical of that to a full time PhD, its organisation is different. Learn more here.

Supporting Resources

M.D. vs-Ph.D.

PhD vs MD – Differences explained

This article will explain the key differences between a PhD and a MD, from program structure and length to career outlook.

PsyD vs PhD

PsyD vs PhD – Differences Explained

A PsyD is a Doctor of Psychology. How does this differ to a PhD? Which is better? We answer these questions and explain the details of a PsyD program.

Second Masters or PhD

Second Master’s or PhD? – A Comparison

Deciding between a Second Masters and a PhD can be a tough decision, so we’ve outlined their pros, cons and differences – to help you make the right decision!

Difference between Undergraduate and Postgraduate Studies

Difference Between Undergraduate and Postgraduate Study

Transitioning from undergraduate to postgraduate level is relatively simple once you know what their differences are. Our page compares these two modes of study.

MPhil vs MSc

MPhil vs MSc – Differences Explained

An MPhil and an MSc may seem similar, but they lead to two very different paths. Find out which one is for you.


Masters vs PhD – Differences Explained

Discover the difference between a Master’s degree and a PhD doctorate degree, and find out which one is best for you.

PhD by Publication

PhD by Publication – Explained

A PhD by publication is a less common route to a PhD. Find out exactly what one is, how it normally works and what the advantages and disadvantages are.

DBA vs PhD

DBA vs PhD – Differences Explained

A Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) is equivalent to a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), however, there are fundamental differences between the two; learn what they are here.

DPhil vs PhD - What is a DPhil explained

DPhil vs PhD – Differences Explained

There is a common misconception that a DPhil and PhD are two different degrees. This is not the case; find out why here.

Gain valuable insight from our collection of exclusive interviews with both current and past PhD students. Learn from their best advice, personal challenges and career path after completing their doctorate.

Doctor of Philosophy

The PhD programs advance scientific discovery by training and supporting students doing in-depth research that solves the world’s biggest public health challenges. At the forefront of efforts to benefit the health of people worldwide, the School offers students the opportunity to join in shaping new ideas in public health and implementing them effectively. PhD students benefit from collaborations across public health disciplines and a broad range of academic fields through connections with other Harvard faculties.

All PhD students conduct research through a dissertation, in addition to other avenues of discovery. All PhD programs at Harvard University are administered by the Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (GSAS), and applications are processed through the GSAS online application system . Choose from one of four PhD programs offered collaboratively between Harvard Chan School and GSAS.

  • Abbreviation : PhD
  • Degree format : On campus  
  • Time commitment : Full-time  
  • Average program length : Varies between 4 to 7 years based on program

When applying to the PhD, applicants must choose one of the following specialized fields of study. Eligibility requirements vary by program and field of study.  

  • Biological Sciences in Public Health
  • Biostatistics
  • Health Policy
  • Environmental health
  • Epidemiology
  • Global health and population
  • Social and behavioral sciences

Career outcomes vary based on field of study and research, but in general, PhD graduates will be prepared for a career in academia, health policy, government agencies, consulting, the pharmaceutical or biomedical industry, and generally improving lives through qualitative and quantitative research.

Admission information

Like all PhD (doctor of philosophy) programs at the School—and the University—the PhD in health policy is offered under the aegis of the Harvard Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (GSAS). Applications are processed through the GSAS online application system located at gsas.harvard.edu/admissions/apply .

doctor phd degrees

  • October 11, 2023
  • Education Advice

Ph.D. vs. Doctorate: What are the Differences?

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For those who have a deep-seated attitude, pursuing a doctoral degree can be a tough yet beneficial journey. Currently enrolled in a doctorate program means that a person has already scooched over college admissions, went through high stake tests and exams, and finished all those research papers and long hours spent in university libraries hitting the books. While studying for a doctorate entails asserting oneself to an extensive amount of quality time and money , its significance and purpose usually pave the way to a lucrative end.

After having finished the Master’s Degree , students begin to think about their next step in their academic career. Then, paradoxically, while navigating through academia, they find themselves baffled by the immense terms and terminologies used to label specific degrees. Because the terms “Doctorate” and “Ph.D.” are somehow interlocked and overlap, and because “PhD” is sometimes used inconsistently, it can lead to considerable confusion. Ph.D. vs. Doctorate? You might wonder what their difference is, and why they are important. E xplaining what each of these terms stands for, the difference between them, and why they are valuable, can help you steer yourself down the right path from the outset.

Doctorate Degree vs. Ph.D.


At first glance, it is pretty easy to confuse these two terms. But it is important for everyone to be able to make a distinction between the two. In this article, we will discuss the difference between Ph.D. and Doctorate in detail in order to get rid of any confusion you may have. In the academic world, the terms Doctorate and Ph.D. are currently used interchangeably. Both of them are the top cap of the ladder. However, a doctorate is mostly used as an umbrella term covering many fields ranging from professional degrees, humanities, and scientific disciplines.

A Ph.D. or Doctor of Philosophy, on the other hand, is a subcategory of a doctoral degree, it is much more distinct and clear-cut and is usually narrower in nature encompassing only humanities and scientific fields. In plain English, when someone says they are enrolling on a doctoral degree, it means they are doing a Ph.D. in a specific field. So, technically, in common parlance, there is no difference between the two terms.

But at the other end of the spectrum, one should be careful not to confuse a professional doctoral degree with a Ph.D. The former is more practical and is designed to prepare students to apply existing knowledge to find solutions to real-life problems and has a direct application to a particular profession.

A Ph.D. is theoretical by nature and is more academic and research-focused. it is often fixed on disseminating knowledge by conducting authentic research which means reviewing and identifying gaps in current literature and evaluating the relevance of existing and emerging theories within a particular field.

What Is a Ph.D. Degree and Why Should You Go for It?

Students who acquire a Ph.D. are justly proud — they wear it as a badge of identity in the academic elite. Traditionally, a Ph.D. was associated with teaching, which from Latin licentia docendi meant “license to teach”. However, the concept of Ph.D. has been on shifting sands nowadays and has become a more general term that isn’t necessarily confined to teaching only.

The Value of a PhD


Obtaining a Ph.D. helps you capitalize on the emerging academic opportunities making you more easily identifiable to employers or businesses seeking to fill professional, higher-level job positions. Many of these career options, conversely, are not available to those who do not belong to the Ph.D. club. While pursuing a Ph.D. requires devoting a tremendous effort and time and making significant personal sacrifices pushing the boundaries of knowledge, it’s all in service of the area of study you’re most passionate and zealous about. Ultimately, once you’ve attained your Ph.D., you will have achieved the pinnacle of education— something not too many people have or are able to accomplish.


doctor phd degrees

A Guide to Choosing and Applying to Ph.D. Programs

Learn everything you need to know about selecting and applying to Ph.D. programs. Learn tips and tricks for a successful application and find your ideal program today!

What Is a Doctorate Degree?

A doctoral or doctorate degree is usually the most advanced degree one can earn in an academic discipline. Many pursue a doctorate degree to increase their professional credibility, be acknowledged as an expert in a specific field, and improve their resume.

A doctorate degree is a graduate-level credential that is usually earned after multiple years of graduate school. Earning a doctoral degree requires a significant level of research and work. In order to get this degree, one has to research a subject thoroughly, conduct new research and analysis, and provide a solution or interpretation into the field. But what types of doctoral degrees are available?

Types of Doctorate Degrees

There are two categories of doctorate degrees: an academic degree and a professional doctorate degree. An academic degree focuses on research, data analysis, and the evaluation of theory. A professional doctorate degree, on the other hand, is considered a terminal degree, which means that one has achieved the most advanced degree in the field. This degree is specifically designed for working professionals who want to grow in their careers.

Professional Doctorate Degrees

A professional doctorate is designed for working professionals who have experience in the field and want to increase their knowledge, improve their credibility, and advance their careers. This degree focuses on applying research to practical issues, coming up with interpretation and solutions, as well as designing effective professional practices within a particular field.

Professional doctoral degrees include:

Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)

The DBA degree is ideal for students who already have a general business background and are interested in delving deeper into the practical and theoretical aspects that underpin business education. More to the point, in DBA you will develop the ability to solve real-life problems, discover the relevant expertise to innovate and uphold complex business issues and so much more. Upon completion, DBA students will possess enhanced leadership and strategic skills as well as the tools to propel their careers in today’s marketplace. The Business Administration industry is keen on finding such graduates with business skills and this is indicated by the immense job positions currently available.

Doctor of Education (Ed.D.)

If you are interested in setting your eyes on creating lifelong learning among your students, making a positive influence in educational culture, contributing to the growing body of research in the education realm , or just enhancing your subject matter expertise, the Doctor of Education program ticks all the boxes. This degree maintains a rigorous approach in academic education that prepares graduates to showcase the skills and expertise to devise solutions in tackling the challenges in contemporary education practice and become transformational leaders in the industry.

Doctor of Computer Science (DCS)

The demand for computer scientists has reached its peak and it is among the most sought-after positions nowadays. With a degree in DCS, you will have the opportunity to design, apply innovative experiments, predict trends and, ultimately, develop a richer understanding and contribute to your area of expertise. After all, who doesn’t want an exciting and financially stable career?

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Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)

The Doctor of Medicine degree is designed to prepare you for various medical challenges in different settings nationally and internationally. This program will further develop your critical thinking and clinical reasoning skills required for safe, high-quality medical practices. It will also improve your leadership, communication, and teamwork skills for collaborative patient care.

Doctor of Optometry (O.D.)

This professional degree typically requires four years of study. It focuses on basic biological sciences such as anatomy and physiology, microbiology, neuroanatomy, and so on. This doctoral degree will prepare, educate, and train professionals to practice at the highest level of proficiency, professionalism, and integrity.

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

The Doctoral of Psychology degree concentrates on the clinical and applied aspects of psychology. This type of doctorate prepares students for professional practice and clinical placement. This degree will be highly beneficial when working directly with patients who need psychology services. In addition, this degree allows doctors of psychology to confidently function as researchers and clinicians.

How to Choose a Ph.D. Program?

Choosing a Ph.D. program can be pretty challenging; it is a big academic decision and investment that requires commitment and perseverance. But how can you pick the right Ph.D. program for you? Well, there are some tips to help you choose the best fit for your goals and preferences:

  • Think about the reasons why you want a Ph.D., what you expect to gain from it, and whether it is compatible with your professional goals.
  • Consider your research environment.
  • Take your time to research, compare, and consider multiple opportunities carefully.
  • Pick a subject that interests and motivates you but is also practical.
  • Ask your professors and other scholars in the field for advice.

All in all, the terms “Doctorate’’ and “Ph.D.” are in essence the same, which means all Ph.D. students are Doctoral students as well. On the other hand, earning a Ph.D. degree is no joke. If anything, Ph.D. students have the tenacity, patience, persistence, and years of hard work that you can vouch for. Ultimately, deciding what type of doctoral degree you should hop on, depends on your career goals, what you are passionate about and how you are going to achieve it.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the difference between a doctorate and a ph.d..

In academic contexts, the terms “Doctorate” and “Ph.D.” are often used interchangeably, but there is a distinction. A Doctorate is an umbrella term covering a wide range of fields, including professional degrees, humanities, and scientific disciplines. A Ph.D., or Doctor of Philosophy, is a specific type of doctoral degree, typically focused on research and academic pursuits in the humanities and scientific fields.

Why should I pursue a Ph.D.?

Pursuing a Ph.D. can be a valuable endeavor, as it opens up academic and research opportunities, enhances your expertise in a specific field, and makes you more attractive to employers seeking candidates for high-level positions. It’s a chance to push the boundaries of knowledge and become an expert in your chosen study area.

What are the benefits of a professional doctorate?

Professional doctorate degrees, such as Doctor of Business Administration (DBA) or Doctor of Education (Ed.D.), are designed for working professionals who want to apply research to practical issues in their field. These degrees can enhance your career prospects, leadership skills, and problem-solving abilities within your profession.

How do I choose the right Ph.D. program?

To choose the right Ph.D. program, consider your career goals, research environment, and personal interests. Take your time to research and compare programs, seek advice from professors and experts in your field, and ensure that the program aligns with your professional aspirations.

What are the main differences between academic and professional doctorate degrees?

Academic doctorate degrees focus on research, theory evaluation, and data analysis, often leading to careers in academia or research. Professional doctorate degrees are more practical, designed for working professionals, and concentrate on applying research to real-world problems within a specific field.

Can I earn a Ph.D. in any field?

Ph.D. programs are available in various fields, including humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, engineering, and more. However, the specific availability of Ph.D. programs may vary by field and university.

Is a Ph.D. a challenging journey?

Yes, pursuing a Ph.D. can be a challenging journey that requires dedication, patience, and years of hard work. It involves conducting original research, writing a dissertation, and often teaching or assisting in courses. It’s a significant commitment, but it can be highly rewarding.

What are the potential career opportunities after earning a Ph.D.?

With a Ph.D., you can pursue careers in academia as a professor or researcher, work in research and development roles in various industries, or take on leadership positions in organizations. The specific career path will depend on your field of study and personal interests.

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Doctoral Degrees

A doctoral degree requires the satisfactory completion of an approved program of advanced study and original research of high quality..

Please note that the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) and Doctor of Science (ScD) degrees are awarded interchangeably by all departments in the School of Engineering and the School of Science, except in the fields of biology, cognitive science, neuroscience, medical engineering, and medical physics. This means that, excepting the departments outlined above, the coursework and expectations to earn a Doctor of Philosophy and for a Doctor of Science degree from these schools are generally the same. Doctoral students may choose which degree they wish to complete.

Applicants interested in graduate education should apply to the department or graduate program conducting research in the area of interest. Some departments require a doctoral candidate to take a “minor” program outside of the student’s principal field of study; if you wish to apply to one of these departments, please consider additional fields you may like to pursue.

Below is a list of programs and departments that offer doctoral-level degrees.

ProgramApplication OpensApplication Deadline
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  • Harvard Business School →
  • Doctoral Programs →

PhD Programs

  • Accounting & Management
  • Business Economics
  • Health Policy (Management)
  • Organizational Behavior
  • Technology & Operations Management

Students in our PhD programs are encouraged from day one to think of this experience as their first job in business academia—a training ground for a challenging and rewarding career generating rigorous, relevant research that influences practice.

Our doctoral students work with faculty and access resources throughout HBS and Harvard University. The PhD program curriculum requires coursework at HBS and other Harvard discipline departments, and with HBS and Harvard faculty on advisory committees. Faculty throughout Harvard guide the programs through their participation on advisory committees.

How do I know which program is right for me?

There are many paths, but we are one HBS. Our PhD students draw on diverse personal and professional backgrounds to pursue an ever-expanding range of research topics. Explore more here about each program’s requirements & curriculum, read student profiles for each discipline as well as student research , and placement information.

The PhD in Business Administration grounds students in the disciplinary theories and research methods that form the foundation of an academic career. Jointly administered by HBS and GSAS, the program has five areas of study: Accounting and Management , Management , Marketing , Strategy , and Technology and Operations Management . All areas of study involve roughly two years of coursework culminating in a field exam. The remaining years of the program are spent conducting independent research, working on co-authored publications, and writing the dissertation. Students join these programs from a wide range of backgrounds, from consulting to engineering. Many applicants possess liberal arts degrees, as there is not a requirement to possess a business degree before joining the program

The PhD in Business Economics provides students the opportunity to study in both Harvard’s world-class Economics Department and Harvard Business School. Throughout the program, coursework includes exploration of microeconomic theory, macroeconomic theory, probability and statistics, and econometrics. While some students join the Business Economics program directly from undergraduate or masters programs, others have worked in economic consulting firms or as research assistants at universities or intergovernmental organizations.

The PhD program in Health Policy (Management) is rooted in data-driven research on the managerial, operational, and strategic issues facing a wide range of organizations. Coursework includes the study of microeconomic theory, management, research methods, and statistics. The backgrounds of students in this program are quite varied, with some coming from public health or the healthcare industry, while others arrive at the program with a background in disciplinary research

The PhD program in Organizational Behavior offers two tracks: either a micro or macro approach. In the micro track, students focus on the study of interpersonal relationships within organizations and the effects that groups have on individuals. Students in the macro track use sociological methods to examine organizations, groups, and markets as a whole, including topics such as the influence of individuals on organizational change, or the relationship between social missions and financial objectives. Jointly administered by HBS and GSAS, the program includes core disciplinary training in sociology or psychology, as well as additional coursework in organizational behavior.

Accounting & Management  

Business economics  , health policy (management)  , management  , marketing  , organizational behavior  , strategy  , technology & operations management  .

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Doctorate Degree: What Is a Doctorate or Doctoral Degree?

Doctor having a conversation about what Is a Doctorate or Doctoral Degree

Maybe you recently completed a master’s degree program and want to take your education — and your earning potential — to a higher level. Maybe you’re a high school senior who’s planning on a future career that requires you to hold a doctorate degree, such as becoming a psychiatrist or surgeon. Or, maybe you’re currently working toward your master’s or bachelor’s degree, and you want to know more about whether continuing your education is worthwhile.

Whichever stage you’ve reached in your academic or professional career, this guide will help answer the crucial question: What is a doctorate or doctoral degree, and is earning one the right choice for you? It covers all of your FAQs about doctorate degree programs, including answers to questions like:

  • Is a doctorate degree the same as a PhD?
  • Are there different kinds of doctorate degrees?
  • What are the stages of earning your doctoral degree?
  • How much does a doctorate degree increase your earning potential?

If you’ve ever wondered about the answers to any of these questions, read on to discover the basics about doctoral degrees and PhD programs.

What is a Doctorate Degree?

A doctorate degree — also called a doctoral degree — is the most rigorous and advanced type of degree that a student can earn in any field of study. Regardless of which academic area is being studied, successful completion of a doctorate program demands years of intensive research — and the ability to contribute meaningful new data, solutions, theories, or analyses to the field. Professionals who obtain doctorate degrees have extensive experience and are regarded as authorities in their specialty areas. They are frequently sought after for consulting, management, or research positions in a variety of industries. By earning a doctorate degree, you can greatly enhance the power of your resume — and with it, your earning potential.

For more details on that subject, skip ahead to the section about average salaries for students who obtain doctorate degrees. Or, continue reading for the answer to one of our most frequently asked questions: is a doctorate degree the same as a PhD?

Doctorate vs. PhD Degrees

What’s the difference between a doctoral degree and a PhD? Put simply, a PhD or Doctor of Philosophy is a doctorate degree — but only one of several varieties. Read on to learn more about the major categories of doctoral degrees and some important ways in which they differ from one another.

Types of Doctoral Degrees

You already know that there are different types of graduate and undergraduate degrees, such as a Bachelor of Arts (BA) versus a Bachelor of Science (BS), or a Master of Business Administration (MBA) versus a Master of Public Administration (MPA). A similar idea applies to doctoral degrees, which are also divided into several categories. Namely, there are two different types of doctorate degrees that students should be aware of:

  • Professional doctorate degrees
  • Doctor of Philosophy degrees

The sections below will compare and contrast the important differences between these two-degree types.

Professional Doctorate Degrees

Professional doctoral degrees are also referred to as terminal or applied doctoral degrees. In contrast to PhD degrees, which the following section discusses in further detail, professional degrees place more of an emphasis on real-world problem-solving and the practical application of knowledge, as opposed to exploring new advancements or ideas in research and analysis.

Professional degrees are essential for those who wish to pursue certain career paths. For example, in addition to meeting other academic and professional criteria like passing the bar exam, you will need to obtain a Juris Doctor (JD) degree if your goal is to become an attorney. In addition to the JD for lawyers, here are four additional examples of professional or applied doctorate degrees:

  • Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)
  • Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD)
  • Doctor of Social Work (DSW)

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) Degrees

This category includes the Doctor of Philosophy or PhD degree, which is applicable to various fields, such as holding a PhD in economics or psychology. However, it also includes various degrees whose titles and abbreviations may sound less familiar. For instance, did you know that a Doctor of Arts is actually a type of PhD, despite being called a DA? Here are four other examples of PhD degrees:

  • Doctor of Public Health (DPH)
  • Doctor in Organizational Innovation (EdD)
  • Doctor of Theology (ThD)
  • Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

In contrast to a professional degree, such as a JD or DPH degree, a PhD is intensely research-oriented with a strong focus on presenting new knowledge or theories via the student’s dissertation. This is also the reason why PhD programs which have nothing to do with “philosophy” in the conventional sense are described using this term.

woman studying on her computer to  to obtain a doctorate

Steps To Obtain a Doctorate

Depending on factors like the format and pace of the program, it may require anywhere from three to eight years to obtain a doctorate degree, as the section below discusses in further detail. So what will you actually be doing as a student throughout that time?

To make your academic journey manageable and help ensure you remain focused on your goals, it’s important to have a clear road map to success. When comparing programs, it’s helpful to have an understanding of the four basic stages to earning your doctorate degree:

  • Complete undergraduate and graduate degree programs to gain the prerequisite knowledge, training, skills, and qualifications you will need to enter your chosen doctoral program.
  • Research and compare different options in detail, then apply to a doctorate program that’s aligned with your professional goals.
  • Complete all of your coursework requirements.
  • Complete an original dissertation on your chosen topic of research.

Read on to learn more about these key steps to earning a doctorate degree — and what will be required of you at each checkpoint. Or, if you’re ready to apply now, get in touch with our friendly team of enrollment counselors to learn more about the coursework and criteria for your program.

Step 1: Complete Your Undergraduate and Master’s Degree

Doctorate programs, which are growing more sought-after by students and employers alike, have rigorous and competitive application requirements. In addition to meeting other criteria which vary by institution and major, students will also generally need to possess a graduate or undergraduate degree, such as a bachelor’s degree, from an accredited college or university.

If you’re at the beginning of your academic journey and are applying to undergraduate programs, you should strongly consider selecting a program that is directly relevant to the master’s and/or doctorate program you intend to eventually enroll in — for example, mapping out a career in healthcare that begins with your Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) and culminates with a doctorate, like your Doctor of Clinical Psychology (PsyD). However, it’s also possible to change careers if you’ve already completed your undergraduate degree.

With online classes and accelerated coursework, plus the option to transfer credits, National University provides the framework for you to launch or advance a rewarding career — no matter which stage of your journey you’ve reached. Explore our accredited master’s degree programs and bachelor’s degree programs for graduate and undergraduate students.

Step 2: Apply to Doctorate Programs

A doctorate program is a major investment in terms of the time, effort, and dedication required to reach your goals. It’s important to select a program that is not only reputable and accredited, but also, one that provides the support and flexibility you need in terms of scholarships and financial aid options ; is designed to help you complete your degree at an accelerated pace; features resources for U.S. military service members and Veterans, which you can learn more about here; and offers the option to complete portions of your doctorate coursework online.

National University offers three WASC-accredited doctoral programs in the fields of healthcare, psychology, and education, which you can read more about below. For additional information, contact our admissions office online or explore the following program pages.

  • Doctor of Clinical Psychology Program (PsyD) — Students in our PsyD program complete a total of 180 program units covering coursework like Group Dynamics, Informed Treatment Planning, and Psychopharmacology. The PsyD program at National University is comprised of Ethnographic Placement, Beginning Practicum, Advanced Practicum, and Predoctoral Internship components culminating in a dissertation, and is designed to prepare students for roles as consultants, clinicians, evaluators, program administrators, and more.
  • Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice (DNAP) — The Doctor of Nurse Anesthesia Practice, or DNAP degree, is a fast-paced, three-year hybrid program that integrates online coursework with a 15-month didactic residency at NU’s Fresno campus. The DNAP degree program at National University prepares students for challenging roles in anesthesia care delivery via coursework like Anesthesia Pharmacology, Principles of Anesthesia, and Anesthesia Physiology, along with clinical rotations and a capstone project.
  • Ed.D. in Organizational Innovation — Organizational innovation is an exciting academic field that looks at how to design and implement visionary solutions to a variety of challenges facing businesses, government entities, and other organizations. Coursework includes Innovation Theories and Application, Knowledge Management for Innovation, and Emerging Issues and Trends, concluding with a culminating project.

Step 3: Complete Program Coursework

In a doctoral degree program, students will typically complete a blend of core or required courses, seminars, practicums, labs, and electives, ultimately culminating in a dissertation or capstone project. Of course, as with any bachelor’s or master’s degree program, the specific nature and focus of your coursework is dependent on your area of study. For example, students in the Ed.D. program at National University complete mandatory courses in innovation theory and methods of inquiry, whereas students in our PsyD program are required to complete courses in subjects such as psychopathology, clinical theory, and multicultural awareness.

Whether it consists primarily of online or in-person study, you can expect your doctorate coursework to be rigorous. By this stage of your academic career, you’ll have completed your basic education and training and moved onto more challenging and scholarly areas of research, tackling complex real-world problems and presenting innovative, potentially even experimental solutions.

Step 4: Complete Your Dissertation

Most doctorate programs culminate in a major research project known as a dissertation, in which the student contributes to the scholarly body of work in their field by presenting their own original theories, research, or data analysis, or by building meaningfully upon the work of previous scholars and researchers. A dissertation usually takes the form of a written paper ranging anywhere in length from 100 to 300 pages, depending on the volume of data and complexity of the subject matter.

How Long Does it Take to Earn a Doctorate?

The time it takes to finish a doctorate program and earn your degree varies. However, most doctorate programs require anywhere from three to eight years to complete. The exact length of time depends on factors like the structure of your degree program; whether or not you decide to work and/or take time off between any of your courses; whether you attend your program on a full-time or part-time basis; the amount of time it takes you to finish researching, writing, and editing your dissertation; and, of course, which degree you’re pursuing.

At National University, our flexibly scheduled yet aggressively paced programs enable students to complete their education sooner — and advance along their chosen career paths faster. For example, our PsyD program may be completed in five years, while our Ed.D. and DNAP programs may be completed in as little as just three years, including options to complete portions of the program online while also integrating hands-on experience like the residency component of our accredited DNAP degree.

Demand for Doctoral Degrees

The demand for doctoral degrees continues to grow as industries seek highly specialized knowledge and advanced research skills. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), employment in doctoral and professional-level occupations is projected to grow by about 13% from 2016 to 2026, which is faster than the average growth rate for all occupations​. This increasing demand is particularly evident in fields such as healthcare, education, and technology, where the expertise and innovation brought by doctoral graduates are highly valued.

salary expectations with the face of a one hundred dollar bill.

Salary Expectations for a Doctorate Degree

Pursuing a doctorate degree will expose you to new challenges and place you on the cutting edge of exciting new research in your field — and from a financial perspective, your degree will also help you to qualify for higher paid, more specialized positions. A doctorate degree or other advanced degree can also help you stand out favorably from other job applicants. So just how much can you expect to earn with a doctoral degree, depending on your chosen field and career?

According to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), holding a doctoral degree is correlated with increased earnings, as you can see in the following table . For example, the BLS reports that holders of doctorate degrees earned median weekly pay of approximately $1,900, compared to that of master’s degree holders (about $1,570) or the holders of bachelor’s and associate’s degrees (about $1,330 and $960, respectively). While pursuing a doctorate degree requires an investment in your education, it also offers a worthwhile return in the form of enhanced lifelong earning power — especially if you are able to qualify for scholarships and/or financial aid.

Who Is a Good Fit for a Doctoral Program?

Doctoral programs are ideal for individuals with a passion for deep research and a commitment to advancing knowledge in their field. “At NU, our Doctoral programs are specifically designed to accommodate non-traditional working students with many different competing responsibilities, from individuals being employed full-time and raising children to military service members serving across the globe… thus, our flexible online approach to learning combined with individualized mentoring from our faculty truly supports these busy and demanding schedules, assisting our students to realize their dream of earning a doctorate, and going on to do great things for themselves, their families, and for others in their communities,” says Andy Riggle, Associate Vice President, O ffice of Graduate Studies .

Ready to Take the Next Step in Your Career?

A doctorate degree enhances your marketability when applying for a wide range of jobs, qualifying you for complex managerial and leadership roles in fields ranging from medicine to psychology to engineering to law. Challenge yourself and elevate your career by taking the first steps toward a doctoral degree today. Contact our admissions office to learn more about the doctorate programs we offer and how they are accredited, or apply online today.

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Comparing the differences between MD vs. PhD vs. professional doctorate

By Michael Feder

Collage image with books, sculptures, xray, and hands

This article has been vetted by University of Phoenix's editorial advisory committee.  Read more about our editorial process.

Reviewed by Marc Booker, PhD, Vice Provost, Strategy

At a glance

  • MD is the abbreviation for Doctor of Medicine and PhD stands for Doctor of Philosophy. These are two types of doctoral degrees in addition to professional doctorates. 
  • An MD is a doctoral degree for medical professionals, while a PhD is an academic degree focused on original research. Somewhat similar to a PhD are professional doctorates, which focus on applying practical research to problems in workplaces or communities.   
  • A professional or practice-based doctorate (EdD, DBA, etc.) can be medical, and others are for scholar-practitioners in disciplines like education, business or psychology.
  • University of Phoenix does not offer MD or PhD programs, but students can earn a doctorate in business, nursing, education or healthcare that allows them to build upon their industry expertise. Learn more about the differences between these degree programs and if one of the  five doctoral programs  at University of Phoenix is right for you !

What is a doctorate? Breaking down the three types

Some people might confuse an  MD (Doctor of Medicine)  with a  PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) , and vice versa. While both an MD and a PhD are prestigious degrees near the top of the  academic ladder , they each have a different meaning and come with very  different requirements .

Different still from both of those degrees are professional doctorates, which allow industry professionals to translate their education and experience into credibility and leadership through research. Professional doctorates have similar requirements to PhDs, such as a dissertation and residency, but focus on the application of research and professional growth over original research.

Upon graduation, those who have earned any of these three degrees can call themselves a “doctor,” but the path to a degree, the purpose behind it and its applications vary based on the choice. MD graduates want to work in medicine and healthcare. PhDs want to bring new knowledge and research to the world. A practice-based doctoral graduate wants to grow in their professional expertise. (If the last one sounds like you, University of Phoenix can help!)

Keep reading to learn more about these doctoral programs and which is right for you.

What does MD stand for?

MD is an abbreviation for Doctor of Medicine and identifies a  medical practitioner  who has completed undergraduate studies and four years of medical school. An MD program teaches medical students about the human body and diseases through a combination of classroom instruction and hands-on clinical labs.

Several  types of physicians  might have this degree, depending on their area of study. For example, medical practitioners with an MD degree might become a medical doctor and potentially specialize in dermatology, cardiovascular disease, family medicine, oncology, pediatrics, neurology or preventive medicine. As you can see, this degree  can lead to a variety of career paths , depending on which specialty interests you and what your medical education is.

Learn more about online doctoral degrees at University of Phoenix. 

How to earn an MD

Becoming a Doctor of Medicine  requires a significant investment of time and money, but the reward can be well worth it. Before medical school, you’ll need to  take the Medical College Admission Test  (MCAT ® ) and earn a passing score. You’ll also need to build a portfolio of coursework and experience to help you gain admittance to medical school.

Medical school typically takes students four years to complete. You’ll learn the latest techniques and approaches for patient assessment, diagnosis and treatment. Medical schools commonly provide a combination of classroom,  research and clinical experience . You’ll work alongside peers and healthcare professionals as you develop skills in general medicine.

You’ll choose a field to specialize in during your final year of medical school. Students have more than 120 options to choose from when specializing, including  primary care,   pediatrics, geriatrics, emergency medicine and family medicine .

After graduating, you’ll complete residency training to further develop skills in your specialty. Residency typically lasts three to seven years, depending on the field you’ve selected. During the residency portion of your education, you’ll treat patients under the supervision of more experienced physicians.

Even after you begin to practice as an MD,  the educational portion of your career never stops . As practices change, patient needs evolve and research continues, MDs benefit from ongoing education to stay current.

What does PhD stand for?

A PhD, or  Doctor of Philosophy , is a doctoral degree that recognizes graduates who have completed a full postsecondary program. Students can earn a PhD in more fields than philosophy. After completing the necessary coursework, original research and hands-on experience, you can earn a PhD in fields like science, the humanities and engineering.

Earning a PhD can help unlock a wide range of potential career opportunities. Computer engineers, research scientists, statisticians, healthcare administrators, professors, chemists and other careers commonly require a PhD degree, in addition to appropriate undergraduate study.

How to earn a PhD

Becoming a PhD is also a  serious commitment  that requires an investment of  time, money and energy .

Here is what’s typically required to become a PhD:

  • Complete a bachelor’s degree in your field
  • Complete a master’s degree in an appropriate field
  • Pass any program entrance exams
  • Fulfill coursework, research and hands-on lab requirements in your program
  • Finalize and defend your dissertation as a  doctoral candidate  (unless your program specifies otherwise)

It’s important to note that many PhD  programs have different requirements , prerequisites and parameters for students. Check with your preferred institution for a more detailed explanation of these requirements.

What is a professional doctorate?

While some professional or practice-based doctorate programs are medical,  others are designed for professionals in other fields . These programs are meant for  scholar-practitioners  in disciplines like education, business or psychology. One of the key differences between this degree and a PhD is the focus on applying research to a professional setting rather than conducting theoretical and research-focused studies. Often, programs are differentiated as academic versus professional.

Examples of doctoral degrees are Doctor of Education, Doctor of Nursing Practice and Doctor of Business Administration. Each of these programs focuses on a specific discipline and applying research in those areas to a professional setting.

How to earn a doctorate

While  practitioner doctoral programs  teach different skills, they all share common requirements. You’ll need to  complete a bachelor’s degree  in your field and sometimes a master’s degree, depending on program requirements.

After completing the necessary coursework and research, students also typically need to finish a supervised thesis and defend their dissertation or capstone project-specific coursework, research and hands-on labs alongside other students in the same field. However, this will depend on the specific program and its requirements.

What does the title “Dr.” really mean?

The term “doctor” or “Dr.” is commonly used today to describe a wide variety of occupations. Students who complete a doctoral degree can earn the title of “Dr.” even though they earned their credentials in a non-medical field like education or business management.

While a variety of professionals can earn a doctorate, the term is often still  reserved for medical practitioners . In conventional use,  doctors typically refer to medical physicians . However, it is appropriate to use “Dr.” if you graduated from any of the three programs discussed above.  

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What is doctoral candidacy?

Practitioner doctoral degree programs at university of phoenix.

While University of Phoenix (UOPX)  does not have  MD or PhD programs, it does offer several professional doctoral degrees that can be earned completely online. Students might choose the UOPX programs because classes are flexible and offered online, and because of the University’s unique “ Scholar-Practitioner-Leader model .”

If you are curious about a doctoral degree, the following programs are available at UOPX:

  • Doctor of Business Administration  — This doctorate can help you gain strategic vision and skills to position yourself as a business leader. It explores how to solve organizational problems, how to design and conduct research studies, how to introduce innovative business ideas to the industry and more.
  • Doctor of Management   — This doctorate equips you with critical thinking skills to find creative solutions to complex problems.
  • Doctor of Education  — This doctoral program prepares you to use analytical, critical and innovative thinking to improve performance and solve complex problems in education.
  • Doctor of Health Administration  — If you’re a health professional who is seeking greater responsibility in shaping the future of the health sector, this doctorate can help you meet the challenges inherent to today’s healthcare landscape, including economic fluctuations, burgeoning patient needs and industry-changing legislation.
  • Doctor of Nursing Practice  — This doctorate is designed for working nurses who require a doctorate for advanced practice or nurses who desire their terminal degree. It does not prepare students for professional certification or state licensure as a nurse or as an advanced practice nurse.

These doctoral studies are only some of the many options for professionals who want to gain the  highest academic credentials  in their fields. Doctoral programs offer significant benefits to program graduates, including  newly developed skills , insight into field trends, hands-on research opportunities and  leadership capabilities .

Completing a doctoral program is also a strong indication to employers that you’re serious about your career and your field. With so many options for advanced study, these programs are available for most major fields. Even if you have already completed a bachelor’s or master’s degree in your discipline, a doctorate lends further credibility to your reputation and  can help prepare you for a leadership position .

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Michael Feder is a content marketing specialist at University of Phoenix, where he researches and writes on a variety of topics, ranging from healthcare to IT. He is a graduate of the Johns Hopkins University Writing Seminars program and a New Jersey native!

Photo of blog author Michael Feder smiling.

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A Comprehensive List Of Doctorate Degrees Just For You

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Updated: June 19, 2024

Published: August 27, 2020


Are you looking to earn your doctorate degree, but aren’t sure where to begin? Or maybe you’re just curious about the kinds of degrees that are available to you. In this article, we’ll go over the different types of degrees, the difference between research degrees and professional degrees, and finally, give you a full comprehensive list of doctorate degrees available in the U.S.

We hope you discover some new fields that pique your interest, and maybe even get you started on your path to earning a degree.

Photo by  Pixabay  from  Pexels

What is a doctorate degree.

There are four major types of degrees that you can earn in university. In order, they are: associate’s degree, bachelor’s degree, master’s degree, and doctorate degree.

A doctorate degree is the highest level of education in most fields. For fields of research or teaching it is usually a PhD, while other applied doctorates will include degrees such as Doctor of Medicine (MD), or Doctor of Education (EdD).

In order to earn a doctorate degree, you will first need to earn your bachelor’s degree. Most people choose to earn their master’s degree before entering a doctorate program, but it is possible to go straight to a doctoral degree in some cases.

Doctorate degrees can be divided into two major categories: research degrees and professional degrees.

Research Degrees

What is a research degree.

A research degree focuses on exploring a topic in depth. A research degree gives students the opportunity to conduct their own unique research on a topic of their choice in order to produce their own research papers and innovative studies of knowledge.

A research degree prepares students with the skills and experience necessary for working and conducting research in academic, governmental, and business fields.

Below is a comprehensive list of all the research degrees available in the US.

List Of Research Degrees:

  • Doctor of Arts (DA)
  • Doctor of Business Administration (DBA)
  • Doctor of Canon Law (JCD)
  • Doctor of Design (DDes)
  • Doctor of Engineering or Engineering Science (DEng, DESc, DES)
  • Doctor of Education (EdD)
  • Doctor of Fine Arts (DFA.)
  • Doctor of Hebrew Letters (DHL)
  • Doctor of Juridical Science (JSD, SJD)
  • Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)
  • Doctor of Music Education (DME)
  • Doctor of Modern Languages (DML)
  • Doctor of Nursing Science (DNSc)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
  • Doctor of Public Health (DPH)
  • Doctor of Sacred Theology (STD)
  • Doctor of Science (DSc, ScD)
  • Doctor of Theology (ThD)

Photo by  ICSA  from  Pexels

Professional degrees, what is a professional degree.

A professional degree prepares students for a specific profession. Through earning a professional degree, students study the necessary information for their field, meet specific academic and licensure requirements for their desired profession, and prepare for state exams.

Below is a comprehensive list of all the professional degrees that can be earned in the US.

List Of Professional Degrees

  • Doctor of Acupuncture (D.Ac., D.Acu.)
  • Doctor of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (D.A.O.M.)
  • Doctor of Anesthesia Practice (Dr.AP)
  • Doctor of Applied Science (D.A.S.)
  • Doctor of Architecture (D.Arch.)
  • Doctor of Athletic Training (D.A.T.)
  • Doctor of Audiology (Au.D)
  • Doctor of Behavioral Health (D.B.H.)
  • Doctor of Chemistry (D.Chem.)
  • Doctor of Chiropractic (D.C.)
  • Doctor of Church Music (D.C.M.)
  • Doctor of Clinical Nutrition (D.C.N.)
  • Doctor of Clinical Science in Speech-Language Pathology (CScD)
  • Doctor of Comparative Law (D.C.L.)
  • Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.)
  • Doctor of Computer Science (D.C.S.)
  • Doctor of Criminal Justice (D.C.J.)
  • Doctor of Criminology (D.Crim.)
  • Doctor of Divinity (Divinitatis Doctor) (D.D.)
  • Doctor of Dental Medicine (D.M.D.)
  • Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.)
  • Doctor of Environmental Science and Engineering (D.Env.)
  • Doctor of Forestry (D.F.)
  • Doctor of Geological Science (D.G.S.)
  • Doctor of Health Administration (D.H.A.)
  • Doctor of Health and Safety (D.H.S.)
  • Doctor of Health Education (D.H.Ed)
  • Doctor of Hebrew Literature/Letters (D.H.L.)
  • Doctor of Health Science (D.H.Sc., D.H.S.)
  • Doctor of Hebrew Studies (D.H.S.)
  • Doctor of Humane Letters (D.Hum.Litt.)
  • Doctor of Industrial Technology (D.I.T.)
  • Doctor of Information Technology (D.I.T.)
  • Juris Doctor (J.D.)
  • Doctor of Law and Policy (L.P.D., D.L.P.)
  • Doctor of Liberal Studies (D.L.S.)
  • Doctor of Library Science (D.L.S.)
  • Doctor of Management (D.M.)
  • Doctor of Medical Humanities (D.M.H.)
  • Doctor of Medical Physics (D.M.P)
  • Doctor of Medical Science (D.M.Sc.)
  • Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)
  • Doctor of Ministry (D.Min.)
  • Doctor of Missiology (D.Miss)
  • Doctor of Music (D.M., D.Mus.)
  • Doctor of Music Therapy (D.M.T.)
  • Doctor of Naprapathic Medicine (D.N.)
  • Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine (N.D., N.M.D.)
  • Doctor of Nursing Practice (D.N.P.)
  • Doctor of Occupational Therapy (O.T.D., D.O.T.)
  • Doctor of Optometry (O.D.)
  • Doctor of Organizational Leadership
  • Doctor of Oriental Medicine (D.O.M., O.M.D.)
  • Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.)
  • Doctor of Pastoral Counseling (D.PC)
  • Doctor of Pastoral Music (D.P.M.)
  • Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)
  • Doctor of Physical Education (D.P.E.)
  • Doctor of Physical Therapy (D.P.T.)
  • Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (D.P.M.)
  • Doctor of Practical Theology (D.P.T., D.Th.P.)
  • Doctor of Professional Studies (D.P.S.)
  • Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D)
  • Doctor of Public Administration (D.P.A.)
  • Doctor of Recreation (D.Rec., D.R.)
  • Doctor of Rehabilitation (Rh.D.)
  • Doctor of Sacred Music (D.S.M.)
  • Doctor of Science in Dentistry (D.Sc.D.)
  • Doctor of Science and Hygiene (D.Sc.H.)
  • Doctor of Science in Veterinary Medicine (D.Sc.V.M.)
  • Doctor of the Science of Law (J.S.D.)
  • Doctor of Social Science (D.S.Sc.)
  • Doctor of Social Work (D.S.W.)
  • Doctor of Transformational Leadership (D.T.L.)
  • Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (D.V.M.)

Earn A Degree Online

If you are interested in earning your doctorate degree in any desired subject, consider earning your bachelor’s or master’s degree online, so that you are one step closer to your goals.

Earning a degree online is a great way to study while working, raising a family, or just going at your own pace.

University of the People is a tuition-free university that allows students to earn their degree 100% online. We pride ourselves on offering affordable degree programs to our students, so that everyone has equal access to quality education.

We offer degrees in business administration , health science , computer science , and education , so if you’re looking to earn a doctorate degree, University of the People is the best place to start.

Wrapping Up

There are many fascinating and practical doctorate degrees to choose from. Whether you’re interested in research in education and language, or becoming a nurse or veterinarian, there is a degree for every field and interest.

For those who are determined to earn a doctorate degree, a great way to start is to earn your bachelor’s or master’s degree online, so you can be one step closer to your goals. We hope you find something to pique your interest in this comprehensive list of doctorate degrees.

In this article

At UoPeople, our blog writers are thinkers, researchers, and experts dedicated to curating articles relevant to our mission: making higher education accessible to everyone.

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Doctoral degrees

In the u.s. for education.

—U.S. News & World Report Best Graduate Schools 2023

Lead, inspire, and improve education

Doctoral programs at Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College prepare education leaders, scholars and innovators. Our EdD program prepares leader-practitioners to make evidence-based decisions that improve the performance of education organizations and systems. Our PhD programs empower scholars to create knowledge and insight into important questions about teaching, learning and the impact of education policy. 

Doctoral degrees that prepare you to lead and inspire, and to improve education

Through its doctoral degree programs, Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College prepares education leaders, scholars and innovators with evidence-based coursework drawing on more than $60 million of annual research expenditures.

Two PhDs — in Learning, Literacies and Technologies; and Educational Policy and Evaluation — empower scholars to create knowledge and insight into important questions about teaching, learning and the impact of education policy. And an award-winning Doctor of Education degree prepares leader-practitioners to make evidence-based decisions that improve the performance of education organizations and systems.

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Mechanical Engineering

  • Graduate study in Mechanical Engineering
  • Ph.D. programs

Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering

The Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering prepares students for careers in research and academia. Our collaborative faculty are investigating a diverse range of research areas like additive manufacturing, air quality, cellular biomechanics, computational design, DNA origami, energy conversion and storage, nanoscale manufacturing, soft robotics, transdermal drug delivery, transport phenomena, machine learning, and artificial intelligence.

Interested? Visit our research pages for more information, including faculty areas of expertise and research videos.

  • Other Ph.D. programs

I’d like more information.

View the  degree requirements  in the handbook.

Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering

Students typically complete the Ph.D. degree requirements in three to five years. Early in the program, students focus on course-work that enhances their knowledge as they prepare to conduct research.

Within one year, students must pass the departmental qualifying exam, an oral exam that tests research skills and knowledge of a core mechanical engineering subject area.

Student research forms the core of the Ph.D. program. Research involves active student-directed inquiry into an engineering problem, culminating in a written thesis and oral defense.

Ph.D. Financial Support

The majority of full-time Ph.D. students accepted through the standard application process receive fellowships that cover full tuition, the technology fee, and a stipend for living expenses for up to five years, as long as sufficient progress is made toward degree completion. These awards are sufficient to cover all expenses for the year (including summers). Students are required to pay for health insurance, the transportation fee, the activity fee, books, and course supplies. Off-campus housing is available within walking distance of campus. At least one year of residency is required for the Ph.D. We offer two ways to enter the Ph.D. program.

Ph.D. student Edgar Mendoza in the lab.

Advanced entry Ph.D.

The advanced entry Ph.D. is for students with an M.S. in an engineering discipline or equivalent field.

Direct Ph.D.

The direct Ph.D. is for students entering the program with a B.S. in an engineering discipline or equivalent field.

For a comprehensive overview of the programs, including degree requirements, please consult the most recent handbook

Ph.D. candidate Remesh Shrestha, co-advised by Professors Sheng Shen and Maarten de Boer, explains his research to create polymer nanowires that have high thermal conductivity:

Other Ph.D. programs and partnerships

Apply here (by these deadlines).

For spring 2023

For fall 2022

The application for fall entry opens in October.

More information

Ph.D. employment stats

Ph.D. enrollment and completion stats [pdf]

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Doctor of Philosophy - Counselor Education and Supervision

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Graduate handbooks, additional downloads, related links, department of counselor education, school psychology, and human services.

The Department of Counselor Education, School Psychology, and Human Services (CSH) prepares advocates and leaders who apply theoretical, educational, and clinical models to practice and research within a variety of mental health and human service professions.

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The College of Education creates an intellectual environment that promotes quality instruction, significant research, and professional service. With four unique departments, graduates receive the necessary tools and experiences to make an impact on local, national, and global scales.

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Degree Requirements

Doctor of philosophy in psychology.

General Core Courses- required for all tracks. (semester hours)

  • *PSY 5311 Seminar in Memory and Cognition (3)
  • *PSY 5323 Biological Foundations of Behavior (3)
  • *PSY 5339 Social Psychology (3)
  • *PSY 5301 Introduction to Experimental Design (3)
  • *PSY 5388 Advanced Statistical Methods (3)
  • *NSC/PSY 5V51 Supervised Teaching (6)
  • *NSC/PSY 5V96 Research Methods (3)
  • One seminar hour per semester
  • NSC 6V10 Prospectus Research (5)
  • NSC/PSY 6V99 Dissertation (12)

Specialty Cores and Doctoral Classes

  • NSC 5330 Neuropharmacology (3)
  • NSC 5319 Clinical Neuroscience - Advanced (3)
  • Elective hours (16)
  • PSY 5302 Measurement in Psychology (3)
  • PSY 5307 Applied Regression Analysis (3)
  • PSY 5350 Advanced Personality Theory (3) or PSY 5337 Advanced Social Psychology (3)
  • Elective hours (13)

Total Hours= 78

*Required Courses for M.A.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience

College of Arts and Sciences

Baylor Psychology and Neuroscience Department Baylor Sciences Building, B.309 101 Bagby Ave. Waco, TX 76706

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School of Nursing home

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Doctor of Nursing Practice

DNP Program Overview

Application Available: September 1  Program Start: Fall, once a year only  Length of Program: 5 consecutive semesters/terms  Degree Awarded: Doctor of Nursing Practice  Program Delivery: Hybrid

Ranked #1 among top Texas DNP programs

( DNP Programs 2023 )

50 Best Value Doctorates of Nursing Practice

Ranked #7 in Best Value DNP Programs

( Best College Values 2017 )


Ranked #18 among public schools and #26 among all schools in Best Nursing Schools: DNP Programs

(U.S. News & World Report 2024)

About the DNP

The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) first identified the need over fifteen years ago for a practice doctorate for advanced practice nursing due to the growing complexity of the health care system, the growth in scientific knowledge and sophisticated technology, and the need for clinical career paths which would attract outstanding students and retain nurses in a clinical career in nursing. The Institute of Medicine’s report on The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health (2010) affirmed this need by recommending doubling the number of doctoral prepared (PhD and DNP) nurses by 2020 to add to the cadre of nurse faculty and researchers with attention to increasing diversity. Thus, the Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) was developed to meet the demand for practitioners able to practice and to provide leadership at the highest levels of healthcare and to meet the demand for highly prepared clinical faculty for schools of nursing.

DNP Resources

  • Integrate nursing science with knowledge from ethics, the biophysical, psychosocial, analytical, and organizational sciences as the basis for the highest level of advanced nursing practice. (Domain 1: Knowledge for Nursing Practice)
  • Systematically and comprehensively investigate complex issues encountered in nursing practice to promote person-centered care and optimal health outcomes for individuals, families, communities, populations, and systems. (Domain 2: Person Centered Care)
  • Implement scholarly evidence-based processes and health policies to address population health from public health prevention to disease management for the improvement of health outcomes. (Domain 3: Population Health)
  • Advance the impact of nursing scholarship by integrating best evidence into practice and promoting ethical conduct of scholarly activities. (Domain 4: Scholarship for Nursing Discipline)
  • Lead quality and safety initiatives to improve health outcomes contributing to a culture of safety for patients, providers, and work environments. (Domain 5: Quality & Safety)
  • Collaborate with stakeholders and interprofessional teams using advanced communication skills to optimize care delivery and strengthen outcomes. (Domain 6: Interprofessional Partnerships)
  • Apply innovative and systems-based strategies to address complex health problems across the continuum of care. (Domain 7: Systems-based Practice)
  • Use information, communication technologies, and informatic processes that inform advanced nursing practice to improve healthcare outcomes for individuals, families, communities, populations, and systems. (Domain 8: Informatics & Healthcare Technology)
  • Formulate a professional identity in an advanced nursing practice and/or leadership role that reflects nursing’s characteristics, values, and ethics. (Domain 9: Professionalism)
  • Engage in self-reflection and personal development activities, including dissemination of nursing knowledge, that contribute to lifelong learning, leadership development and resilience. (Domain 10: Personal, Professional, and Leadership Development)

The 45-hour curriculum for the DNP program is based on the Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Practice developed by the American Association of Colleges of Nursing and addresses all the required competencies. Courses include philosophy and scientific methods in nursing science, policy, management of health services organizations, health economics, epidemiology and health sciences information systems. All students take nine hours of core courses in the first semester in the program. The first semester in the program is followed by 24 hours of supporting courses that can be taken in any order. Additionally, 12 hours of clinical specialization courses (500 clinical practice hours) are taken in sequential order after the first semester in the program. Within these clinical specialization seminars students identify and develop practice expertise in a focused clinical area that culminates in the DNP Scholarly Project. Students who have not completed 500 practice hours as part of their MSN need to complete clinical practice hours in addition to the 500 practice hours in the clinical specialization courses. Students may also elect to complete an optional focus in nursing education (three courses).

  • Doctor of Nursing Practice: Program of Work (PDF)
  • Doctor of Nursing Practice: Schedule (PDF)

The DNP program is delivered using a hybrid format. Classes meet on-campus once a month throughout each semester. These on-campus classes occur monthly on two consecutive days with online assignments during the alternate weeks.

Curriculum : The DNP program curriculum is designed to provide the highest level of professional nursing education for nurses, via a terminal degree in nursing practice. The curriculum advances the education and leadership competencies of nurses and prepares graduates for increasingly complex practice and clinical leadership roles.

DNP Focus Areas : The DNP program focuses on mentorship for development of an individualized area of clinical leadership specialization and dissemination of scholarly work via publications and presentations. Students may also choose to take additional electives in nursing education and teaching. The DNP is now the terminal degree in nursing for practice excellence. Since more than half of the curriculum in schools of nursing is ‘practice oriented’, it is logical that nurses with the terminal degree in nursing practice would be appropriate educators for the practice components of the curriculum. The clinical teaching electives are designed to meet the growing demand for highly prepared clinical faculty for schools of nursing.

  • Internationally recognized nursing faculty with over $13 million in NIH research funding.
  • Nursing faculty at UT Austin have diverse backgrounds in preparation and experience.
  • Thirteen of the current 26 graduate nursing faculty are Fellows in the prestigious American Academy of Nursing.
  • The Doctor of Nursing Practice program emphasizes development of a sound foundation in nursing practice.

Publication Highlights of UT Austin DNP graduates from 2019-present.

The Impact of COVID-19 on Body Mass Index Among Hispanic Children Accessing a Primary Care Clinic in Central Texas: An Epidemic Amidst a Pandemic . Kalmbach K, Champion JD. J Pediatric Health Care. 2023 Aug 16: S0891-5245(23)00208-0. DOI: 10.1016/j.pedhc.2023.07.004. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37589628.

Identification of Provider and Patient Characteristics Associated with Antibiotic Prescription in the Treatment of Acute Sinusitis . Thapa A, Champion JD. J Am Assoc Nurse Pract. 2023 Mar 1;35(3):192-198. DOI: 10.1097/JXX.0000000000000834. PMID: 36763411.

A Qualitative Thematic Analysis of Mentorship for New Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurse Practitioners . Fox I, Champion JD J Am Assoc Nurse Pract. 2022 Dec 1;34(12):1289-1299. DOI: 10.1097/JXX.0000000000000794. PMID: 36469910.

Telemedicine Practices in Adult Patients with Atrial Fibrillation . Watkins AK, Clark AP, Champion JD. J Am Assoc Nurse Pract. 2022 Aug 1;34(8):957-962. DOI:10.1097/JXX.0000000000000743. PMID: 36330550.

Characteristics of an Allied Health-Led Telemedicine Clinic for Atrial Fibrillation. . Watkins AK, Champion JD. HeartRhythm Case Rep. 2022 Oct 14;8(10):724-725. DOI: 10.1016/j.hrcr.2022.07.016. PMID: 36310730; PMCID: PMC9596352.

Nonpharmacological Interventions for Management of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Long-Term Care Facilities by Direct Caregivers: A Systematic Review . Lyons TL, Champion JD. J Gerontol Nurs. 2022 Jul; 48(7):18-23. DOI: 10.3928/00989134-20220606-03. Epub 2022 Jul 1. PMID:35771069.

Predictors of Acute Care Transfers from Skilled Nursing Facilities: Recommendations for Preventing Unnecessary Hospitalization . Antony AR, Champion JD. Res Gerontol Nurs. 2022 Jul-Aug; 15(4):172-178. DOI: 10.3928/19404921-20220609-01. Epub 2022 Jun 17. PMID: 35708962.

Exploring Cognitive Dissonance in the Correctional Nursing Experience . Cukale-Matos S, Champion JD. Public Health Nurs. 2022 May;39(3):545-552. DOI: 10.1111/phn.13028. Epub 2021 Dec 8. PMID: 34878199.

Perceptions of Disaster Management Knowledge and Skills Among Advanced Practice Registered Nurses.   Fil, Samantha L; Champion, Jane Dimmitt; Christiansen, Brittany ISSN: 2327-6924 , 2327-6924; DOI: 10.1097/JXX.0000000000000382 J Am Assoc Nurse Pract, 2020

Creating Inclusive Health Care Environments: Health Care Stories from the Trans Population.    Daly, Amy; Champion, Jane Dimmitt ISSN: 2327-6924, 2327 6924; DOI: 10.1097/JXX.0000000000000383 J Am Assoc Nurse Practice, 2020

Outcomes of Depression Screening for Adolescents Accessing Pediatric Primary Care-Based Services.    Chowdhury, Taskina; Champion, Jane Dimmitt ISSN: 0882-5963, 1532 8449; DOI: 10.1016/j.pedn.2020.02.036 Journal of Pediatric Nursing., 2020, Vol.52, p.25-29

Psychotropic Medication Prescribing Practice Among Residents with Dementia in Nursing Homes: A Person-Centered Care Approach.    Basnet, Prasanna; Acton, Gayle J; Requeijo, Paula ISSN: 0098-9134,1938-243X; DOI: 10.3928/00989134-20200108-01 Journal of Gerontological Nursing. 2020, Vol.46(2), p.9-17

Assessment of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus Outcomes for Hispanic Women Living in the Rio Grande Valley.   Somohano-Mendiola N, Champion JD, Vatcheva K. Hisp Health Care Int. 2019 Sep;17(3):111-117. DOI: 10.1177/1540415319833996. Epub 2019 Mar 28. PMID: 30922188

Does Treatment of Urinary Tract Infections Reflect the Antibiotic Stewardship Program Guidelines? Bista B, Champion JD. J Am Assoc Nurse Pract. 2019 Dec;31(12):693-698. DOI: 10.1097/JXX.0000000000000204. PMID: 30908406 

Perceived Mental Healthcare Barriers and Health-seeking Behavior of African-American Caregivers of Adolescents with Mental Health Disorders.    Jon-Ubabuco N, Dimmitt Champion J. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2019 Jul;40(7):585-592. DOI: 10.1080/01612840.2018.1547803. Epub 2019 Mar 27. PMID: 30917089

All students interested in applying for graduate study in Nursing at the University of Texas at Austin must meet the minimum admission requirements established by the University’s  Graduate School  and the School of Nursing. Applicants are expected to be graduates of accredited colleges or universities. Below are the minimum admission requirements for the School of Nursing.

  • Degree: A master's degree in nursing from an acceptable, accredited program or equivalent graduate degree.
  • GPA: 3.0 (on a 4.0 scale) or comparable GPA in upper-division work (junior- and senior- level courses) and any graduate work completed.
  • Recommendations: 3 required
  • Statement of Purpose
  • Curriculum Vitae/resume
  • Work Experience: 18 months of professional RN work experience
  • Nursing License: Current Texas RN licensure or a license from a "Nurse Licensure Compact" state, if admitted.

Contact DNP admission director for details.

All students applying for formal admission to the DNP program must complete the online application and submit the following application materials.

Application for Admission

Complete the online application for admissions and pay the application fee at GoApplyTexas.org . The online application is data entry only. All supporting application documents are uploaded on the My Status page after the application is paid and submitted.

Supporting Documents

  • Official transcripts, dated one year or less, from all four-year institutions attended.
  • Official transcripts, dated one year or less, for an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN), if applicable.
  • Curriculum Vitae: Readable font, 12-point, double-spaced, 1-inch margins.
  • Personal Statement: Maximum two (2) pages. Readable font, 12-point, double-spaced, 1-inch margins.
  • Using our secure, personalized form, three (3) professional recommendations that attest to the applicant's academic ability, professional competency, and personal character must be submitted electronically by each recommender.
  • Written recommendations are not accepted.

For additional details on how to prepare your graduate application materials and personal statement instructions, please view DNP Application Checklist (PDF).

Upon application completion visit My Status web page to upload application documents and to track progress of your application status.

DNP program costs include 9 credit hours @ $6,000 per semester for 5 consecutive semesters. Total DNP program cost for 45 credit hours is $30,000.

Tuition and Fees for the DNP Program
SemesterHoursSemester Total
Fall 19$6,000
Spring 19$6,000
Summer 19$6,000
Fall 29$6,000
Spring 29$6,000
Liability Insurance per year:$15$65
*Total credit hours & cost varies dependent upon the number of clinical hours obtained during completion of graduate education.

The DNP program is delivered in a hybrid (on-line/on-campus) format. Students meet on-campus once a month for 2 consecutive days; other program content is delivered on-line. This hybrid format provides students the opportunity to maintain full-time employment while completing the DNP program.

The DNP program tuition does not include any out-of-state or international tuition.

DNP students are eligible for federal student loans. Students are encouraged to apply for federal financial aid at  FAFSA . You may contact the Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid for additional information and requirements.

DNP students needing financial assistance are eligible for the following aid:

  • Federal financial aid as well as private education loans. Private loans are available from various lending institutions (e.g. banks, credit unions, etc.). The university is prohibited by federal law from recommending any particular private loans to certificate program students, but we encourage you to shop competitively before choosing a particular private loan to help meet educational expenses. The interest rates on these loans vary, as do other terms and conditions. Click here for more information about loans .
  • Nurse Faculty Loan Program (NFLP) is a loan-cancellation program funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) Bureau of Health Professions. This program allows nursing schools to provide financial loans to students enrolled in advanced degree nursing programs and who intend to teach in a nursing program after graduation. This is not a need-based loan program; however, students must complete a FAFSA. For more information, visit UT Financial and Administrative Services - Nursing Faculty Loan Services page.

The School of Nursing Graduate Admissions and Progression Committee (GAPC) may begin preliminary admission reviews as soon as an applicant’s file is complete; however, admission decisions are not made until after the program’s application deadline. All application materials are required to be submitted by the program’s application deadline; files that remain incomplete will not be reviewed or acted upon by GAPC.

If admitted, applicants will be notified of the admission decision the following ways:

  • Offers of admission are sent via email by the School of Nursing.
  • Official e-letters from the Graduate and International Admission Center notifying you of the admission decision of the Office of Graduate Studies are available on the application Status Check page.

Acceptance by both the School of Nursing and the Office of Graduate Studies is are necessary before enrollment is permitted. Please be aware, if admitted, completion of all compliance requirements is required at least one month prior to the first day of class.

If not admitted, applicants will be notified by GIAC only.

NOTE: Email is the official means of communication for all university business.

If you have questions concerning the DNP program or admissions contact Senior Director, Graduate Program Advising and Admissions, Tracy Demchuk , EdD.

All files are in PDF format.

  • DNP Application Checklist
  • DNP Program of Work
  • DNP Schedule
  • Report a Concern
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Our persistent pursuit of scholarly excellence is powered by our varied graduate and professional programs. Purdue is committed to maximizing the success of and support for graduate and professional students as well as postdoctoral scholars across all departments and colleges.

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The Office of the Vice Provost for Graduate Students and Postdoctoral Scholars provides a range of services, programs, and events to support the whole person—to empower graduate students to address the complex challenges of the day and build a better tomorrow together.

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Seeking funding? Apply for  travel, small research, or childcare grants  or get help writing  grant proposals and fellowship applications . Not finding the right fit? Earn a degree from one of our  interdisciplinary graduate programs . Students facing a sticky situation can consult with our  Office of Graduate Assistance .

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The  Purdue Graduate Student Center  is home to the  Purdue Graduate Student Government  and offers space to graduate students for meetings, studying, and socializing. Find support and like-minded peers in a  graduate student organization ,  cultural and resource center  or  diversity program . Students with families connect via our  Graduate Parent Support Network .

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Advance your leadership, communication, professional, academic, and life skills. Attend one of our 350  professional development workshops ,  showcase your ability  to summarize your research, or publish your work in  InnovatED . Craft your  individual development plan . Explore your passions and make a successful transition to the job market.

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IU Indy’s breadth of academic offerings empower you to explore your interests, discover your passions, and achieve your career goals. Search by keyword, school, program type, and online status to find your dream program.

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Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)

Admission deadline.

The University of Houston offers a Master of Science in Nursing degree. Our face-to-face and web-enhanced classes are designed to work around your busy schedule, and you’ll receive a quality university education from excellent faculty at a great value.

The Master of Science in Nursing program (Education, Administration and FNP) is designed to build upon the BSN degree and is offered at the University of Houston at Katy and online. Students in this program are prepared to function at advanced levels with an expanded knowledge of theory, research and clinical application. Graduates are prepared to provide evidenced based health care and to work on collaborative teams. Lab and/or clinical course requirements will be in a face-to-face learning environment for practice and demonstration to meet course objectives and accreditation requirements. Each graduate will be able to function in an advanced practice role as a Nurse Administrator, Nurse Educator, or Family Nurse Practitioner. Nurses who have a master’s degree in nursing may be eligible for a Post Master’s Certificate as a nurse educator or nurse administrator.

MSN Administration

The Administration track prepares students to lead healthcare innovations by improving access, addressing quality and safety issues, and supervising the finance and operations of a health care organization.

MSN Education

Through the Education track, nurse educators prepare to apply educational theory and practice, develop courses and curriculum for nursing students and staff, and develop classroom and clinical strategies to prepare nurses to function in the health care environment.

Family Nurse Practitioner

The FNP track integrates both academic and community-based training to promote an evidence based approach to the care of individuals, families and the community. Hybrid graduate tracks offer face-to-face classes one day a week for maximum scheduling flexibility for students, while offering the essential benefit of role-modeling and networking with leaders in the profession.

Post Master's Certificates

Post Master’s certificate candidates are required to achieve a grade of B or higher in all post MSN certificate courses to be eligible to earn the certificate.

Doctor of Nursing Practice

The new Post Master’s Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) program (Administration, Family Nurse Practitioner) is designed to build upon the MSN degree and is offered at the University of Houston Main campus and online. The Doctor of Nursing Practice is an evidence-based-practice-focused program and students who complete this program will demonstrate the Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Nursing Practice. Nurses who have a Doctor of Nursing Practice have completed the highest level of education in nursing practice.

Texas Medical Center


  1. Doctor of Philosophy

    A Doctor of Philosophy (PhD, Ph.D., or DPhil; Latin: philosophiae doctor or doctor philosophiae) is a terminal degree that usually denotes the highest level of academic achievement in a given discipline and is awarded following a course of graduate study and original research.The name of the degree is most often abbreviated PhD (or, at times, as Ph.D. in North America), pronounced as three ...

  2. What Is a Doctorate or a Doctoral Degree?

    A doctoral degree is a graduate-level credential typically granted after multiple years of graduate school, with the time-to-degree varying depending on the type of doctoral program, experts say.

  3. What is a PhD?

    Definition of a PhD - A Doctor of Philosophy (commonly abbreviated to PhD, Ph.D or a DPhil) is a university research degree awarded from across a broad range of academic disciplines; in most countries, it is a terminal degree, i.e. the highest academic degree possible. PhDs differ from undergraduate and master's degrees in that PhDs are ...

  4. PhD Types

    Many people believe that the DPhil and PhD are different degrees. This is not true. 'DPhil' is an abbreviation of 'Doctor of Philosophy'. Essentially, 'DPhil' and 'PhD' are two different ways of referring to the same doctoral degree. 'DPhil' is traditionally a British term and so only a few universities (most notably, the ...

  5. List of doctoral degrees in the US

    Professional doctorates. In addition to the research doctorate, the US has many professional degrees, formerly referred to as first-professional degrees.These are titled as doctor's degrees and classified as "doctors degree - professional practice". While research doctorates require "advanced work beyond the master's level, including the preparation and defense of a dissertation based on ...

  6. What is the Difference Between a PhD and a Doctorate?

    Doctorate, or doctoral, is an umbrella term for many degrees — PhD among them — at the height of the academic ladder. Doctorate degrees fall under two categories, and here is where the confusion often lies. The first category, Research (also referred to as Academic) includes, among others: Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)**.

  7. What Is a PhD?

    A Doctor of Philosophy, often known as a PhD, is a terminal degree —or the highest possible academic degree you can earn in a subject. While PhD programs (or doctorate programs) are often structured to take between four and five years, some graduate students may take longer as they balance the responsibilities of coursework, original research ...

  8. What is a PhD?

    PhD is short for Doctor of Philosophy. This is an academic or professional degree that, in most countries, qualifies the degree holder to teach their chosen subject at university level or to work in a specialized position in their chosen field. The word 'philosophy' comes from the Ancient Greek philosophia, literally translated as 'love ...

  9. Types of Doctorates

    Gain valuable insight from our collection of exclusive interviews with both current and past PhD students. Learn from their best advice, personal challenges and career path after completing their doctorate. View Overview. Learn about the different types of Doctorates available, including their eligibility, durations, fees and benefits.

  10. Doctor of Philosophy

    The PhD programs advance scientific discovery by training and supporting students doing in-depth research that solves the world's biggest public health challenges. At the forefront of efforts to benefit the health of people worldwide, the School offers students the opportunity to join in shaping new ideas in public health and implementing ...

  11. Doctor of Philosophy in Education

    Offered jointly by the Harvard Graduate School of Education and the Harvard Kenneth C. Griffin Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Ph.D. in Education provides you with full access to the extraordinary resources of Harvard University and prepares you to assume meaningful roles as university faculty, researchers, senior-level education leaders, and policymakers.

  12. Ph.D. vs. Doctorate: What are the Differences?

    A doctorate degree is a graduate-level credential that is usually earned after multiple years of graduate school. Earning a doctoral degree requires a significant level of research and work. In order to get this degree, one has to research a subject thoroughly, conduct new research and analysis, and provide a solution or interpretation into the ...

  13. Doctoral Degrees

    A doctoral degree requires the satisfactory completion of an approved program of advanced study and original research of high quality. Please note that the Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) and Doctor of Science (ScD) degrees are awarded interchangeably by all departments in the School of Engineering and the School of Science, except in the fields of ...

  14. PhD Programs

    Students in our PhD programs are encouraged from day one to think of this experience as their first job in business academia—a training ground for a challenging and rewarding career generating rigorous, relevant research that influences practice. Our doctoral students work with faculty and access resources throughout HBS and Harvard University.

  15. Doctorate Degree: What Is a Doctorate or Doctoral Degree?

    A doctorate degree — also called a doctoral degree — is the most rigorous and advanced type of degree that a student can earn in any field of study. Regardless of which academic area is being studied, successful completion of a doctorate program demands years of intensive research — and the ability to contribute meaningful new data ...

  16. Ph.D.s vs. Doctorates

    According to the National Science Foundation, doctorates can be separated into two main categories — professional doctorates and research doctorates. Professional doctoral programs train students to assume challenging, knowledge-intensive occupations, such as medical doctors and lawyers.; Research doctoral programs, on the other hand, train students to engage in researching and analyzing ...

  17. MD vs. PhD vs. Professional Doctorate Comparison

    MD is the abbreviation for Doctor of Medicine and PhD stands for Doctor of Philosophy. These are two types of doctoral degrees in addition to professional doctorates. An MD is a doctoral degree for medical professionals, while a PhD is an academic degree focused on original research. Somewhat similar to a PhD are professional doctorates, which ...

  18. What Does 'PhD' Stand For?

    A PhD is a terminal academic degree students typically pursue when they're interested in an academic or research career. A PhD is the highest possible academic degree a student can obtain. PhD stands for "Doctor of Philosophy," which refers to the immense knowledge a student gains when earning the degree. While you can actually get a PhD in ...

  19. A Comprehensive List Of Doctorate Degrees Just For You

    In order, they are: associate's degree, bachelor's degree, master's degree, and doctorate degree. A doctorate degree is the highest level of education in most fields. For fields of research or teaching it is usually a PhD, while other applied doctorates will include degrees such as Doctor of Medicine (MD), or Doctor of Education (EdD). In ...

  20. Guide to Doctorate in Psychology Programs

    A doctorate is a terminal degree, meaning it's the highest qualification you can attain in the field. It's not unusual for a doctoral program in psychology to take more than five years to complete. This can mean over 50 credits of required work, but these will generally be split between traditional coursework credits and credits earned through ...

  21. Doctoral degrees

    Lead, inspire, and improve education Doctoral programs at Mary Lou Fulton Teachers College prepare education leaders, scholars and innovators. Our EdD program prepares leader-practitioners to make evidence-based decisions that improve the performance of education organizations and systems. Our PhD programs empower scholars to create knowledge and insight into important questions about teaching ...

  22. Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering

    The Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering prepares students for careers in research and academia. Our collaborative faculty are investigating a diverse range of research areas like additive manufacturing, air quality, cellular biomechanics, computational design, DNA origami, energy conversion and storage, nanoscale manufacturing, soft robotics, transdermal drug delivery, transport ...

  23. Doctor of Philosophy

    The Department of Counselor Education, School Psychology, and Human Services (CSH) prepares advocates and leaders who apply theoretical, educational, and clinical models to practice and research within a variety of mental health and human service professions.

  24. Degree Requirements

    Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology. General Core Courses-required for all tracks.(semester hours) *PSY 5311 Seminar in Memory and Cognition (3) *PSY 5323 Biological Foundations of Behavior (3)

  25. Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

    Degree: A master's degree in nursing from an acceptable, accredited program or equivalent graduate degree. GPA: 3.0 (on a 4.0 scale) or comparable GPA in upper-division work (junior- and senior- level courses) and any graduate work completed. Recommendations: 3 required; Statement of Purpose; Curriculum Vitae/resume

  26. Office of the Vice Provost for Graduate Students and Postdoctoral

    More than 100 graduate programs are offered in West Lafayette and regional campuses. ... Doctoral students. 1,203* Underrepresented minority students. 788* Graduate professional, certificate, and non-degree students. 690* Postdoctoral scholars. Find more stats at the Data Dashboard

  27. IU Indianapolis Degrees and Majors

    IU Indy's breadth of academic offerings empower you to explore your interests, discover your passions, and achieve your career goals. Search by keyword, school, program type, and online status to find your dream program.

  28. Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)

    The Doctor of Nursing Practice is an evidence-based-practice-focused program and students who complete this program will demonstrate the Essentials of Doctoral Education for Advanced Nursing Practice. Nurses who have a Doctor of Nursing Practice have completed the highest level of education in nursing practice.

  29. Elektrostal Map

    Elektrostal is a railway station in Moscow Oblast. Elektrostal is situated nearby to Часовня and Пожарная часть № 2. Mapcarta, the open map.

  30. Elektrostal

    In 1938, it was granted town status. [citation needed]Administrative and municipal status. Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Elektrostal City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, Elektrostal City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Elektrostal Urban Okrug.