Expository Essay

Types Of Expository Writing

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Types of Expository Writing - Definition and Examples

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Writing an expository essay is quite more difficult than any other type of essay. Creating an impressive essay requires time, thorough research, skills, and knowledge. 

There are 10 main types of expository writing, each of which has a unique objective. They all are similar in nature but serve a different purpose. 

Read on to learn what are the different types of expository writing and what purpose they serve.

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  • 1. Expository Writing Definition
  • 2. What are the Types of Expository Writing?
  • 3. Types of Expository Writing Examples
  • 4. Tips for Expository Writing

Expository Writing Definition

Expository writing is a genre of writing that is used to explain, describe, inform, or clarify a particular expository essay topic to the reader. 

Unlike other forms of writing that may involve personal opinions or persuasion, the characteristics of expository writing include a focus on providing factual information in a clear and organized manner.

Expository essay writing is a very common form of writing; journals, newspaper articles, and essays usually demonstrate this type of writing.

While writing an expository essay, you need to explain everything in detail to make the idea clear for the reader. You can take help from  expository essay examples  to see what elements make a perfect expository essay.

What are the Types of Expository Writing?

There are 10 types of expository essay writing, including:

  • Compare and Contrast Essay 

Cause and Effect Essay

  • Problem and Solution Essay 

Process Essay

Definition essay.

  • Classification Essay 
  • Descriptive Writing
  • Exploratory Writing
  • Anecdotal Evidence
  • Sequential Writing

Let’s take a look at common types of expository writing one by one.

Compare and Contrast Essay

The  compare and contrast essay  is a type of essay in which the writer compares and contrasts two things. The writer compares the similarities between the two selected subjects and contrasts the differences in those subjects. The subjects should belong to the same category.

In the  cause and effect essay , the writer tries to find the cause of something; why did something happen? and what effects it might have. This type of essay has built around the reason that caused something to happen and its possible impacts.

There are two ways to structure a cause and effect essay:

  • Block structure:  All the causes are presented first, and then all of their effects.
  • Chain structure:  Each of the causes is followed by its effect straight away.

This essay could be based on assumptions or could be based on facts, but either way, they should be validated.

Problem and Solution Essay

In the  problem solution essay , the writer identifies a problem and then proposes its solution. The writer examines the particular subject from various aspects and perspectives prior to providing a solution. This essay is somewhat similar to the cause and effect essay.

The process essay refers to the process of something, i.e., how to make an apple pie. This type of writing includes a step-by-step process of making or doing something.

This is how you write a process essay; it provides the complete process of doing something. The goal is to provide the process in such a way that the reader can follow the sequence without any mistakes.

The  definition essay  is a type of expository essay that gives a complete description of the topic. It explains what the term or the topic of the essay exactly means. Some terms have concrete meanings like glass, book, etc. Whereas some have abstract meanings like love, respect, honor, etc.

The definition essay revolves around explaining the purpose, what, why, and how aspects of the topic of the essay. This essay could start with the dictionary definition and ultimately provide the extended definition.

Classification Essay

Classification essays are a type of expository writing that categorizes and organizes objects, people, ideas, or concepts into distinct groups based on shared characteristics, features, or criteria. The goal is to help readers better understand the relationships and differences between these categories. 

Descriptive Writing 

Descriptive writing is a type of expository writing that aims to paint a vivid picture of a person, place, object, event, or concept in the reader's mind. It uses sensory details and vivid language to create a sensory experience for the audience. 

Exploratory Writing 

Exploratory writing aims to investigate a topic or question from multiple angles, often without taking a definitive stance. It allows the writer and reader to explore various viewpoints and ideas. 

Anecdotal Evidence 

Anecdotal evidence refers to personal stories, individual accounts, or isolated examples that are used to support a claim or argument. While anecdotal evidence can be compelling and relatable, it is based on personal experiences and may not reflect broader trends or realities. 

Sequential Writing 

Sequential writing, also known as chronological writing, involves organising information or events in a clear, time-based order. This approach is often used when presenting a series of actions, or events in a logical sequence, making it easier for readers to understand a process.

Types of Expository Writing Examples

You can use these types of expository writing PDF examples as a guide when writing your own paper. These examples show you what types of information to include and how it all comes together in one cohesive piece.

Types of Expository Writing Middle School

Types of Expository Writing Structure

Expository Writing Examples Pdf

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Tips for Expository Writing

The following are some easy types of expository writing strategies and tips. They will help you write an amazing essay.

  • Write your introduction in the most interesting way possible. Start with a hook, thesis statement, or exciting detail to make readers want more.
  • Make your essay clear and concise so that it doesn't confuse readers.
  • There are many ways to support your topic. You can use facts, data, and authentic sources.
  • It is important to consider the audience of your paper before you start writing.
  • Use authoritative sources to gather data for your paper.
  • To avoid any errors in the essay, proofread and edit it before submitting it.

As we've explored various types of expository writing, it's clear that each type serves a unique purpose. 

By choosing the right type, you can engage readers and make complex ideas accessible to a wide audience.

Still, if you need help with an expository essay or any other type of essay, you can hire a professional essay writer. 

My PerfectWords.com  is an online writing service that you can rely on for getting quality essay help. 

Our  expository essay writing service has a team of experts that can create a perfect essay in no time. They can cater to all of your expository essay writing needs. From choosing a topic to crafting an expository essay outline to essay writing, they do it all.

So request " write my essay for me online ' and get your essay in no time!

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the 4 characteristics of expository text.

FAQ Icon

The four main characteristics of expository text are;

  • Informative
  • Organization of the text

What are the five elements of expository writing?

The main five elements of expository writing are;

  • Topic sentence
  • Organization
  • Transitions
  • Evidence and examples 

How many types of expository writing are there?

There are generally eight common types of expository writing:

  • Process/How-To Writing
  • Cause and Effect Writing
  • Compare and Contrast Writing
  • Problem-Solution Writing
  • Definition Writing
  • Classification Writing

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Expository Writing: Definition and Examples

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Hannah Yang

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What is expository writing, what is an expository paragraph, expository writing examples, how prowritingaid can help you with expository composition.

One of the most common types of writing is expository writing. Whether you’re a student taking an English class or a professional trying to communicate to others in your field, you’ll need to use expository writing in your day-to-day work.

So, what exactly does this term mean?

The short answer is that expository writing refers to any writing designed primarily to explain or instruct.

Read on to learn the definition of expository writing as well as some examples of what this type of writing can look like.

Before we look at examples of expository writing, let’s start with a quick definition of what this term actually means.

Expository Writing Definition

The term expository writing refers to any writing that’s designed to explain something. We use the word expository to describe any passage of writing that’s supposed to present information and help you understand it in an objective way.

Some common examples of expository writing include academic essays, textbooks, instructional guides, and news reports. Good expository writing should be factual, objective, and clear.

expository writing definition

To better understand what this term means, think about the difference between a scientific article, a short story, and an advertisement.

The scientific article is considered expository writing because its primary purpose is to explain a particular topic in more detail. It presents data, analyzes what that data means, and focuses on the facts.  

On the other hand, the short story isn’t considered expository writing, because its core purpose isn’t to explain or inform—instead, it’s probably trying to entertain you or to take you on a journey. Short stories are narrative writing.

Similarly, an advertisement isn’t expository writing because its core purpose isn’t to explain or inform—instead, it’s trying to persuade you to buy what it’s selling. Advertisements are persuasive writing.   

Here’s a quick rundown of what expository essays should and shouldn’t do.

An expository essay should:

Teach the reader about a particular topic

Focus on the facts

Follow a clearly organized structure

Present information and details from credible sources

An expository essay should not:

Try to change the reader’s mind about something

Present the author’s personal opinions

Include made-up narratives or stories

Follow experimental or nonlinear structures

3 types of writing

An expository paragraph is exactly what it sounds like—a paragraph of expository writing.

A well-written expository paragraph should follow a specific format to make it as clear and easy to read as possible. Most expository paragraphs do the following things:

Start with a topic sentence, which explains what the paragraph will be about

Then, include 3 – 5 body sentences that provide supporting details for the topic sentence

Finally, wrap things up with a closing sentence that summarizes what the paragraph has said

Writing an expository paragraph is a great way to practice expository writing. That’s because the paragraph follows the same structure as a more complex expository essay, just on a smaller scale.

Most expository essays should follow this format:  

Start with an introductory paragraph that includes the thesis statement, which tells the reader the core statement of the essay

Then, include 3 – 5 body paragraphs that provide factual evidence to support the thesis statement

Finally, wrap things up with a concluding paragraph that summarizes what the body paragraphs and thesis statement said

You can see the similarities between the two formats. If you can write a fantastic expository paragraph, you’ll be well-prepared to move on to writing a full expository essay.

Example of Expository Paragraph

Here’s an example of an expository paragraph that follows the structure described above.

The leading cause of death in the United States is heart disease, which can be fatal if it leads to heart attack or cardiac arrest. Heart attacks occur when a blockage in the coronary artery prevents oxygenated blood from reaching the heart. Cardiac arrests occur when the heart stops pumping entirely, which prevents the patient from breathing normally. Both of these problems can be deadly, even in seemingly healthy people who don’t have noticeable risk factors. As a result, heart disease is an important problem that many doctors and scientists are researching.

expository writing types essay

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There are many ways you can present information in an expository essay. Here are four of the most popular ways, along with examples of each one.  

Problem and Solution Essay

A problem and solution essay presents the reader with a problem and then considers possible solutions to that problem. 

Here’s an example passage you might find in a problem and solution essay:

Among the many proposed solutions to rising carbon emissions, one promising possibility is carbon trapping. Scientists are figuring out how to pull carbon emissions out of the atmosphere and trap it in less harmful forms, such as by injecting carbon dioxide underground so it will turn to stone.

Compare and Contrast Essay

This type of essay takes two subjects and compares and contrasts them. It focuses on highlighting the differences and similarities between those two things.

Here’s an example passage of this type of expository writing:

Though country music and R&B music have very different sounds, they also share many similarities. For one thing, both types of music embody a specific cultural identity. For another, both genres trace their roots back to the 1920s, when the Victor Talking Machine Company signed singers from the American South.

Classification Essay

In a classification essay, you describe the categories within a certain group of things.  

Here’s an example passage you might find in a classification essay:

There are three ways in which artificial intelligence might become stronger than humans in the future: high speed, high collective intelligence, and high quality. A speed AI would be able to perform calculations and experience the world much faster than humans. A collective intelligence, like a hive mind, would be able to break down a complex task into several parts and pursue them simultaneously. Finally, a quality AI would simply be able to solve more complex problems than humans could.

Process Essay

In a process essay, you give the reader the steps for completing a specific process. This is similar to a how-to guide or an instruction manual.   

Here’s an example passage you might find in this type of expository writing:

Caramelize the chopped onions in a frying pan. When the onions have caramelized, mix in the bell peppers, mushrooms, and tomatoes and stir for 4 – 6 minutes or until all the ingredients have softened. If you want to add meat, you can add ground beef and cook for another 4 – 6 minutes. Season with salt and pepper to taste.  

Good expository writing should be easy to read. After all, the purpose of exposition is to explain things to your readers, and you won’t be able to accomplish that if they have trouble understanding your writing.

That’s why ProWritingAid can help you write an expository essay. The grammar checker can help you ensure your sentences flow well, you’re not missing any necessary punctuation, and all your words are precise and clear.

Good luck, and happy writing!

Hannah is a speculative fiction writer who loves all things strange and surreal. She holds a BA from Yale University and lives in Colorado. When she’s not busy writing, you can find her painting watercolors, playing her ukulele, or hiking in the Rockies. Follow her work on hannahyang.com or on Twitter at @hannahxyang.

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Expository Essay: 3 Building Blocks to Propose an Idea and Defend It

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If you saw the words “expository essay” on a writing assignment, would your mind draw a blank? Would you immediately feel as if you had stumbled into unexplored territory?

Well there's good news.

expository essay

This post is written by guest writer Dixie-Ann Belle. You can learn more about Dixie-Anne at the end of this article. Welcome Dixie-Ann! 

You might not realize it, but chances are this is not your first encounter with this type of essay. Once you have been writing essays in academic environments, you have probably already worked on expository writing.

In this article, I hope to help you recognize this essay type and understand the expository essay outline. Comprehending the building blocks is instrumental in knowing how to construct an exceptional expository essay.

Lay a Strong Foundation

Over the years, I have taught and tutored college students one on one as they write academic essays, in face to face classrooms and online, and I have noticed a pattern. They often approach essays in one of two ways.

Some consider them with apprehension and are fearful of making mistakes. Others feel confident that they have written many essays before and think they have already mastered expository writing.

Interestingly, it's the latter who often end up the most shaken when they realize that they are not as familiar as they think with this type of writing.

What I hope to instill in my students is that they should not feel intimidated whatever their situation or essay assignment.

I encourage them to make sure they understand the foundations of the expository essay structure. I try to get them to grasp the basic blocks that need to be there, and once they do, they have a good chance of crafting a substantial piece of writing.

What is an Expository Essay?

Students are typically assigned one of at least four types of essays: the persuasive/argumentative essay, the descriptive essay, the technical essay, or the expository essay.

Writing an expository essay is one of the most important and valuable skills for you to master.

According to the Purdue Online Writing Lab:

The expository essay is a genre of essay that requires the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner.

Keep in mind that your expository writing centers on giving your reader information about a given topic or process. Your goal is to inform, describe, or define the subject for your readers.

As you work to achieve this, your essay writing must be formal, objective, and concise. No matter what your discipline, it's almost guaranteed that you will be required to write this common type essay one day.

Some expository essay examples could include:

  • Define the term ‘democracy'
  • Compare and contrast the benefits of cable television vs streaming
  • Outline the process that generates an earthquake
  • Classify the different types of tourism
  • Outline the aspects of a good fitness program

The possibilities are endless with expository writing, and it can cover a wide variety of topics and specialties.

3 Building Blocks of a Great Expository Essay

To make sure you're on the right track with this type of paper, it helps to understand the three building blocks of the expository essay format and how to apply them to the final expository essay structure .

1. Write an introduction

Most students know that an introductory paragraph should grab the interest of the reader. However, they might not realize that it should also provide context for the essay topic.

Ask yourself : What are you talking about in this essay? Why is this topic important? Some background details could help to establish the subject for your reader.

For example:

If you were writing an essay on the impact smartphones have on society, you might want to start with some information on the evolution of smartphones, the number of smartphones in society, the way people use the phones and more.

The introduction should start off with general information.

You then work your way down to the more specific and principal part of your introduction and the crown of your whole essay, the thesis statement.

What is the thesis statement?

Your thesis statement states in concise language what this essay is going to be about. It is one clear sentence which expresses the subject and the focus of this piece of writing. If there is a prompt, the thesis statement should directly answer that prompt.

Our smart phones topic might create a thesis statement like:  Smart phones have many positive impacts for adults in the business world.

Right away the reader has some idea of what's ahead.

2. Write your body paragraphs

With your thesis statement clear in your mind and your introduction setting the scene, it is time to write your body paragraphs.

Each body paragraph contains supporting information including factual evidence for your essay topic. Each paragraph should each focus on one idea.

Depending on your word count and the teacher requirements, you can write any number of body paragraphs, but there are usually at least three for a basic five paragraph essay.

Each body paragraph should start with a topic sentence. A topic sentence is one single statement that explains the point of the paragraph. It directly refers to your thesis statement and tells you what the body paragraph is going to be about.

Remember our smart phone thesis statement? You need something that will relate to that thesis sentence and will alert the reader to what is to come.

Here's one possibility: 

Smart phones can help increase productivity  for professional adults.

This topic sentence not only reminds us that you are talking about positive impacts for adults with smart phones, it now shows us what the following paragraph will cover.

The best body paragraphs will go on to include different types of details, all of which would support your topic sentence. A good abbreviation to encapsulate the different details is spelt TEEES.

The TEEES Body Paragraph Structure

Let's break down this abbreviation and explore the types of details you'll need in your body paragraphs

T: Topic sentence

You'll begin with your topic sentence establishing the purpose of this paragraph. We'll use our example from above:

Smartphones can help increase productivity for professional adults.

E: Explanation

This is where you expand on your topic and include additional supportive information.

If you were talking about smartphones and productivity, maybe you could mention what elements of the smartphone make it optimal for productivity.

E: Evidence

This is the information from reputable sources you researched for your topic. Here's where you can talk about all the information you have discovered from experts who have carefully studied this subject.

For our smartphone essay, perhaps you could mention a quote from a technology reporter who has been following the rise of smartphones for years.

E: Examples

This would be concrete subject matter to support your point.

Maybe here you can list some of the smartphone apps which have proven to increase productivity in the workplace.

S: Significant/Summarizing sentence

This is the last sentence in the body paragraph which summarizes your point and ends this part of your essay. There should be no doubt in the reader's mind that you have finished talking about your topic, and you are moving on to another in the next paragraph. Here's how we could conclude this paragraph on smartphones and productivity:

Smartphones have transformed the productivity of the modern workforce.

3. Write the conclusion

Once you have written your body paragraphs, you're in the home stretch. You have presented all of your points and supported them with the appropriate subject matter. Now you need to conclude.

A lot of students are confused by conclusions. Many of them have heard different rules about what is supposed to be included.

One of the main requirements to keep in mind when ending an expository essay is that you do not add new information.

This is not the time to throw in something you forgot in a previous body paragraph. Your conclusion is supposed to give a succinct recap of the points that came before.

Sometimes college students are instructed to re-state the thesis, and this puzzles them. It doesn't mean re-writing the thesis statement word for word. You should express your thesis statement in a new way.

For example, here's how you could approach the conclusion for our smartphone essay.

You've come up with three points to support your thesis statement, and you've explored these three points in your body paragraphs. After brainstorming, you might decide the benefits of smartphones in the workplace are improved productivity, better communication, and increased mobility.

Your conclusion is the time to remind your reader of these points with concise language. Your reader should be able to read the conclusion alone and still come away with the basic ideas of your essay.

Plan Your Essay Based on an Expository Essay Outline

While writing fiction, it is sometimes okay to “pants” it and just leap into writing your story.

When writing essays in academia, this is rarely a good idea. Planning your essay helps organize your ideas, helps you refine many of your points early on and saves time in the long run.

There are lots of great brainstorming techniques you can use to get your ideas together, but after that, it's time to create a topic to sentence outline.

There are three steps to creating your topic to sentence essay outline.

  • Develop a powerful thesis statement. Remember, this is the overarching idea of your entire essay, so you have completed a significant step once you have one done.
  • Come up with the ideas you would like to support your thesis statement.
  • Based on your points, craft your topic sentences.

Here is an example of a topic to sentence outline:

Having these important foundation details completed is a great way to develop your essay as you build on each part. It is also an effective method to make sure you are on the right track.

Depending on your instructor (or tutor, if you have one), you can show your outline to them to get feedback before you launch into your entire essay.

Even if you don't have anyone to provide a critique, the outline can make it easier to revise how you will approach the rest of your paragraph essay.

You now have some firm foundations to help you as you construct your expository essay.

How do you organize an expository essay?  Let us know in the comments .

Take fifteen minutes to practice writing your own expository essay.

First, choose an expository writing assignment topic. If you can't think of one, use one of the expository essay examples below .  

  • What are the nutritional elements of a healthy breakfast?
  • What are some of the most influential types of music?
  • Compare and contrast the benefits of electric and gas cars. 
  • What are the major steps to planning a stress-free vacation?
  • How do smartphones affect mental health?
  • Define true love.

Craft a thesis statement about your topic. Then, write three topic sentences for your body paragraphs.

With the time you have left, start writing your essay. You might be surprised how much you can write in fifteen minutes when you have a clear outline for your essay!

When your time is up, share your outline and your essay in the Pro Practice Workshop here . After you post, please be sure to give feedback to your fellow writers.

Happy writing!

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Dixie-Ann Belle

Since she started scribbling stories in her notebooks as a child, Dixie-Ann Belle has been indulging her love of well crafted content. Whether she is working as a writing teacher and tutor or as a freelance writer, editor and proofreader, she enjoys helping aspiring writers develop their work and access their creativity.

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Expository Essays

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What is an expository essay?

The expository essay is a genre of essay that requires the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning that idea in a clear and concise manner. This can be accomplished through comparison and contrast, definition, example, the analysis of cause and effect, etc.

Please note : This genre is commonly assigned as a tool for classroom evaluation and is often found in various exam formats.

The structure of the expository essay is held together by the following.

  • A clear, concise, and defined thesis statement that occurs in the first paragraph of the essay.

It is essential that this thesis statement be appropriately narrowed to follow the guidelines set forth in the assignment. If the student does not master this portion of the essay, it will be quite difficult to compose an effective or persuasive essay.

  • Clear and logical transitions between the introduction, body, and conclusion.

Transitions are the mortar that holds the foundation of the essay together. Without logical progression of thought, the reader is unable to follow the essay’s argument, and the structure will collapse.

  • Body paragraphs that include evidential support.

Each paragraph should be limited to the exposition of one general idea. This will allow for clarity and direction throughout the essay. What is more, such conciseness creates an ease of readability for one’s audience. It is important to note that each paragraph in the body of the essay must have some logical connection to the thesis statement in the opening paragraph.

  • Evidential support (whether factual, logical, statistical, or anecdotal).

Often times, students are required to write expository essays with little or no preparation; therefore, such essays do not typically allow for a great deal of statistical or factual evidence.

  • A bit of creativity!

Though creativity and artfulness are not always associated with essay writing, it is an art form nonetheless. Try not to get stuck on the formulaic nature of expository writing at the expense of writing something interesting. Remember, though you may not be crafting the next great novel, you are attempting to leave a lasting impression on the people evaluating your essay.

  • A conclusion that does not simply restate the thesis, but readdresses it in light of the evidence provided.

It is at this point of the essay that students will inevitably begin to struggle. This is the portion of the essay that will leave the most immediate impression on the mind of the reader. Therefore, it must be effective and logical. Do not introduce any new information into the conclusion; rather, synthesize and come to a conclusion concerning the information presented in the body of the essay.

A complete argument

Perhaps it is helpful to think of an essay in terms of a conversation or debate with a classmate. If I were to discuss the cause of the Great Depression and its current effect on those who lived through the tumultuous time, there would be a beginning, middle, and end to the conversation. In fact, if I were to end the exposition in the middle of my second point, questions would arise concerning the current effects on those who lived through the Depression. Therefore, the expository essay must be complete, and logically so, leaving no doubt as to its intent or argument.

The five-paragraph Essay

A common method for writing an expository essay is the five-paragraph approach. This is, however, by no means the only formula for writing such essays. If it sounds straightforward, that is because it is; in fact, the method consists of:

  • an introductory paragraph
  • three evidentiary body paragraphs
  • a conclusion

Literacy Ideas

How to Write Excellent Expository Essays

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An Expository essay ‘exposes’ information to the reader to describe or explain a particular topic logically and concisely.

The purpose of expository writing is to educate or inform the reader first and foremost.

Though the term is sometimes used to include persuasive writing , which exposes us to new ways of thinking, a true expository text does not allow the writer’s personal opinion to intrude into the text and should not be confused.

Expository Writing follows a structured format with an introduction, body paragraphs presenting information and examples, and a conclusion summarising key points and reinforcing the thesis. Common expository essays include process, comparison/contrast, cause and effect, and informative essays.


TEXT ORGANIZATION Organize your thoughts before writing.

CLARITY Use clear and concise wording. There is no room for banter.

THESIS STATEMENT State position in direct terms.

TOPIC SENTENCE Open each paragraph with a topic sentence.

SUPPORTING DETAIL Support the topic sentence with further explanation and evidence.

LINK End each body paragraph by linking to the next.


PROCESS Tell your audience how to achieve something, such as how to bake a cake.

CAUSE & EFFECT Explore relationships between subjects, such as climate change and its impact.

PROBLEM & SOLUTION Explain how to solve a problem, such as improving physical fitness.

COMPARE & CONTRAST Compare and contrast two or more items, such as life in China life vs life in the United States or Australia.

DEFINITION Provides a detailed definition of a word or phrase, such as self-confidence.

CLASSIFICATION Organizes things into categories or groups, such as types of music.


While there are many types of expository essays, the basic underlying structure is the same. The Hamburger or 5-Paragraph Essay structure is an excellent scaffold for students to build their articles. Let’s explore the expository essay outline.


This is the top bun of the burger, and here the student introduces the exposition topic. This usually consists of a general statement on the subject, providing an essay overview. It may also preview each significant section, indicating what aspects of the subject will be covered in the text. These sections will likely relate to the headings and subheadings identified at the planning stage.

If the introduction is the top bun of the burger, then each body paragraph is a beef patty. Self-contained in some regards, each patty forms an integral part of the whole.


Each body paragraph deals with one idea or piece of information. More complex topics may be grouped under a common heading, and the number of paragraphs will depend on the complexity of the topic. For example, an expository text on wolves may include a series of paragraphs under headings such as habitat, breeding habits, what they eat, etc.

Each paragraph should open with a topic sentence indicating to the reader what the paragraph is about. The following sentences should further illuminate this main idea through discussion and/or explanation. Encourage students to use evidence and examples here, whether statistical or anecdotal. Remind students to keep things factual – this is not an editorial piece for a newspaper!

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Expository writing is usually not the place for flowery flourishes of figurative imagery! Students should be encouraged to select a straightforward language that is easy for the reader to understand. After all, the aim here is to inform and explain, and this is best achieved with explicit language.

As we’ve seen, several variations of the expository essay exist, but the following are the most common features students must include.

The title should be functional. It should instantly inform the reader what they will learn about in the text. This is not the place for opaque poetry!

A table of contents in long essays will help the reader locate helpful information quickly. Usually, the page numbers found here will be linked to headings and subheadings to be found in the text.


These assist the reader in finding information by summarizing the content in their wording.

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Usually listed alphabetically, the glossary defines unusual or topic-specific vocabulary and is sometimes accompanied by pictures, illustrations etc.

The index lets the reader identify where to find specific information in longer texts. An index is much more detailed than a table of contents.


Expository essays sometimes support the text with visuals, such as:

  • Pictures / Illustrations / Photographs:

These can be used to present a central idea or concept within the text and are often accompanied by a caption explaining what the image shows. Photographs can offer a broad overview or a close-up of essential details.

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Diagrams are a great way to convey complex information quickly. They should be labelled clearly to ensure the reader knows what they are looking at.

  • Charts and Graphs:

These are extremely useful for showing data and statistics in an easy-to-read manner. They should be labelled clearly and correspond to the information in the nearby text.

Maps may be used to explain where something is or was located. 


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Types of expository essay

There are many different types of expository texts (e.g. encyclopaedias, travel guides, information reports , etc.), but there are also various expository essays, with the most common being.

  • Process Essays
  • Cause and Effect Essays
  • Problem and Solution Essays
  • Compare and Contrast Essays
  • Definition Essays
  • Classification Essays

We will examine each of these in greater detail in the remainder of this article, as they have slight nuances and differences that make them unique. The graphic below explains the general structure for all text types from the expository writing family.


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This how-to essay often takes the form of a set of instructions. Also known as a procedural text , the process essay has very specific features that guide the reader on how to do or make something.

To learn more about this type of writing, check out our information-packed article here .

Features of a process essay

Some of the main features of the process essay include:

  • ‘How to’ title
  • Numbered or bullet points
  • Time connectives
  • Imperatives (bossy words)
  • List of resources

Example Expository Process Essay:

The cause and effect essay.

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The purpose of a cause-and-effect essay is to explore the causal relationships between things. Essays like this often bring the focus back to a single cause. These essays frequently have a historical focus.

The text should focus on facts rather than assumptions as an expository essay. However, cause-and-effect essays sometimes explore hypothetical situations too.

There are two main ways to structure a cause-and-effect essay.

The Block Structure presents all the causes first. The writer then focuses on the effects of these causes in the second half of the essay.

The Chain Structure presents each cause and then immediately follows with the effects it created.

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Example Expository Cause and Effect Essay:

The problem and solution essay.

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In this type of essay, the writer first identifies a problem and then explores the topic from various angles to ultimately propose a solution. It is similar to the cause-and-effect essay.

While the problem and solution essay can use the block and chain structures as outlined above – substitute cause with problem and effect with a solution – it will also usually work through the following elements:

  • Identifies a problem
  • Contains a clear thesis statement
  • Each paragraph has a topic sentence
  • Supports with facts, examples, evidence
  • The conclusion summarizes the main points

Suggested Title: What Can Be Done to Prevent Bullying in Schools?

Example Expository Problem and Solution Essay:

The compare and contrast essay.

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In this type of essay, students evaluate the similarities and differences between two or more things, ideas, people, etc. Usually, the subjects will belong to the same category.

The compare-and-contrast expository essay can be organized in several different ways. Three of these are outlined below.

In the three structures outlined, it is assumed that two subjects are being compared and contrasted. Of course, the precise number of paragraphs required in the text will depend on the number of points the student wishes to make and the number of subjects being compared and contrasted.

Suggested Title: In-Class or Remote Learning: Which Is Best?

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This type of essay provides a detailed description and definition of a word or phrase. It can be a concrete term, such as car or glass, or a more abstract concept, such as love or fear .

A definition essay comprehensively explains a term’s purpose and meaning. It will frequently contain some or all of the following elements:

  • A definition of the term
  • An analysis of its meaning
  • The etymology of the term
  • A comparison to related terms
  • Examples to illustrate the meaning
  • A summary of the main points

Example Expository Definition Essay:


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Like definition essays, a classification essay sorts or organizes things into various groups or categories and explains each group or category in detail.

Classification essays focus on:

  • Sorting things into functional categories
  • Ensuring each category follows a common organizing principle
  • Provides examples that illustrate each category.

Example Expository Classification Essay:

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One of the best ways to understand the different features of expository essays is to see them in action. The sample essay below is a definition essay but shares many features with other expository essays.

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Examples of Expository Essay Titles

 Expository essay prompts are usually pretty easy to spot.

 They typically contain keywords that ask the student to explain something, such as “define,” “outline,” “describe,” or, most directly of all, “explain.”

 This article will examine the purpose of an expository essay and its structure. It will also examine the primary language and stylistic features of this vital text type.

 After this, we’ll explore five distinct tips for helping your students get the most out of writing their expository essays.

Expository Essays vs Argumentative Essays

 Expository essays are often confused with their close cousin, the argumentative essay. Still, it’s easy to help students distinguish between the two by quickly examining their similarities and differences.

 In an expository essay, students will attempt to write about a thing or a concept neutrally and objectively, unlike an argumentative essay where the writer’s opinions permeate the text throughout. Simple as it sounds, this may take some doing for some students as it requires the writer to refine their personal voice almost out of existence!

 Luckily, choosing the correct viewpoint from which to write the essay can go a long way to helping students achieve the desired objectivity. Generally, students should write their expository essays from the third-person perspective.

Contrastingly, argumentative essays are subjective in nature and will usually be written from the first-person perspective as a result.

 In an expository essay, the text’s prime focus is the topic rather than the writer’s feelings on that topic. For the writer, disassociating their personal feelings on a topic is much easier when they’re a step removed from the narration by using the third-person POV rather than the first-person POV.

Expository Essay Tips

Follow these top tips from the experts to craft an amazing expository essay.

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 Tip #1: Choose the Right Tool for the Job


Surprising as it may seem, not all expository essays are created equal.

 In fact, there are several different types of expository essays, and our students must learn to recognize each and choose the correct one for their specific needs when producing their own expository essays.

 To do this, students will need to know the 5 types of expository essays:

  • The Cause and Effect Essay : This type of essay requires that the writer explain why something happened and what occurred due to that event and subsequent events. It explores the relationship between people, ideas, events, or things and other people, ideas, events, or things.
  • The Compare and Contrast Essay: In a compare and contrast essay, the writer examines the similarities and differences between two subjects or ideas throughout the body of the piece and usually brings things together in an analysis at the end .
  • The Descriptive Essay: This is a very straightforward expository essay with a detailed description or explanation of a topic. The topic may be an event, place, person, object, or experience. This essay’s direct style is balanced with the freedom of the writer can inject some of their creativity into the description.
  • The Problem and Solution Essay : In this expository essay, the student will work to find valid solutions to a specific problem or problem.
  • The Process Essay : Also called a how-to essay, this essay type is similar to instruction writing, except in essay form. It provides a step-by-step procedure breakdown to teach the reader how to do something.

 When choosing a specific topic to write about, students should consider several factors:

 ●      Do they know the topic well enough to explain the ins and outs of the subject to an unfamiliar audience?

 ●      Do they have enough interest in this topic to sustain thorough research and writing about it?

 ●      Is enough relevant information and credible sources available to fuel the student’s writing on this topic?

Tip # 2: Research the Topic Thoroughly

Regardless of which type of expository essay your students are working on, they must approach the research stage of the writing process with diligence and focus. The more thorough they are at the research stage, the smoother the remainder of the writing process will be.

A common problem for students while researching is that sometimes they don’t have a clear understanding of the objective of their research. They lack a clear focus on their efforts.

Research is not mindlessly scanning documents and scrawling occasional notes. As with any part of the writing process, it begins with determining clear objectives.

Often, students will start the research process with a broad focus, and as they continue researching, they will naturally narrow their focus as they learn more about the topic.

Take the time to help students understand that writing isn’t only about expressing what we think; it’s also about discovering what we think.

When researching, students should direct their efforts to the following:

REad our complete guide to researching here

  • Gather Supporting Evidence : The research process is not only for uncovering the points to be made within the essay but also the evidence to support those points. The aim here is to provide an objective description or analysis of the topic; therefore, the student will need to gather relevant supporting evidence, such as facts and statistics, to bolster their writing. Usually, each paragraph will open with a topic sentence, and subsequent sentences in the paragraph will focus on providing a factual, statistical, and logical analysis of the paragraph’s main point.
  • Cite Sources : It’s an essential academic skill to be able to cite sources accurately. There are several accepted methods of doing this, and you must choose a citation style appropriate to your student’s age, abilities, and context. However, whatever style you choose, students should get used to citing any sources they use in their essays, either in the form of embedded quotations, endnotes, or bibliography – or all three!
  • Use Credible Sources: The Internet has profoundly impacted knowledge sharing as the Gutenberg Press did almost 600 years ago. It has provided unparalleled access to the sum total of human knowledge as never before, with each student having a dizzying number of sources available at their fingertips. However, we must ensure our students understand that not all sources are created equal. Encourage students to seek credible sources in their research and filter out the more dubious sources. Some questions students can ask themselves to help determine a source’s credibility include:

●      Have I searched thoroughly enough to find the most relevant sources for my topic?

●      Has this source been published recently? Is it still relevant?

●      Has the source been peer-reviewed? Have other sources confirmed this source?

●      What is the publication’s reputation?

●      Is the author an expert in their field?

●      Is the source fact-based or opinion-based?

Tip #3: Sketch an Outline

Every kid knows you can’t find the pirate treasure without a map, which is true of essay writing. Using their knowledge of the essay’s structure, students start whipping their research notes into shape by creating an outline for their essay.

The 5-paragraph essay or ‘Hamburger’ essay provides a perfect template for this.

Students start by mapping out an appealing introduction built around the main idea of their essay. Then, from their mound of research, they’ll extract their most vital ideas to assign to the various body paragraphs of their text.

Finally, they’ll sketch out their conclusion, summarize their essay’s main points, and, where appropriate, make their final statement on the topic.

Tip #4: Write a Draft

Title chosen? Check! Topic researched? Check! Outline sketched? Check!

Well, then, it’s time for the student to begin writing in earnest by completing the first draft of their essay.

They’ll already have a clear idea of the shape their essay will take from their research and outlining processes, but ensure your students allow themselves some leeway to adapt as the writing process throws up new ideas and problems.

That said, students will find it helpful to refer back to their thesis statement and outline to help ensure they stay on track as they work their way through the writing process towards their conclusions.

As students work through their drafts, encourage them to use transition words and phrases to help them move smoothly through the different sections of their essays.

Sometimes, students work directly from an outline as if on a checklist. This can sometimes be seen as the finished essay resembling Frankenstein. That is an incongruous series of disparate body parts crudely stitched together.

Learning to use transitions effectively will help students create an essay that is all of a whole, with all the joins and seams sanded and smoothed from view.

Tip #5: Edit with a Fresh Pair of Eyes


Once the draft is complete, students enter the final crucial editing stage.

But, not so hasty! Students must pencil in some time to let their drafts ‘rest’. If the editing process occurs immediately after the student finishes writing their draft, they’ll likely overlook much.

Editing is best done when students have time to gain a fresh perspective on their work. Ideally, this means leaving the essay overnight or over a few nights. However, practically, this isn’t always possible. Usually, though, it will be possible for students to put aside their writing for a few hours.

With the perspective that only time gives, when returning to their work, students can identify areas for improvement that they may have missed. Some important areas for students to look at in the editing process include:

  • Bias : Students need to remember the purpose of this essay is to present a balanced and objective description of the topic. They need to ensure they haven’t let their own personal bias slip through during the writing process – an all too easy thing to do!
  • Clarity : Clarity is as much a function of structure as language. Students must ensure their paragraphs are well organized and express their ideas clearly. Where necessary, some restructuring and rewriting may be required.
  • Proofread: With stylistic and structural matters taken care of, it’s now time for the student to shift their focus onto matters of spelling , vocabulary choice, grammar, and punctuation. This final proofread represents the last run-through of the editing process. It’s the students’ final chance to catch mistakes and errors that may bias the assessor (aka You! ) against the effectiveness of the piece of writing. Where the text has been word-processed, the student can enlist inbuilt spelling and grammar checkers to help. Still, they should also take the time to go through each line word by word. Automatic checkers are a helpful tool, but they are a long way from infallible, and the final judgement on a text should employ the writer’s own judgement.

Expository essays are relatively straightforward pieces of writing. By following the guidelines mentioned above and practising them regularly, students can learn to produce well-written expository essays quickly and competently.

Explaining and describing events and processes objectively and clearly is a useful skill that students can add to their repertoire. Although it may seem challenging at first, with practice, it will become natural.

To write a good expository essay, students need a good understanding of its basic features and a firm grasp of the hamburger essay structure. As with any writing genre, prewriting is essential, particularly for expository writing.

Since expository writing is designed primarily to inform the reader, sound research and note-taking are essential for students to produce a well-written text. Developing these critical skills is an excellent opportunity for students through expository writing, which will be helpful to them as they continue their education.

Redrafting and editing are also crucial for producing a well-written expository essay. Students should double-check facts and statistics, and the language should be edited tightly for concision.

And, while grading their efforts, we might even learn a thing or two ourselves!

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How to Write an Expository Essay

Every student has to write an expository essay at least once in their educational career. These are actually fairly simple essays to write, but they do require some serious research skills. Like most academic essays, the expository essay requires formal writing with an introduction, body, and conclusion.

Guide Overview

  • Focus on the thesis
  • Listen to the assignment
  • Explain, don’t argue
  • Revise and edit, revise and edit
  • Choosing the right topic

Tips for Writing a Kick-Butt Essay

Want to really impress your professor? Here are a few ways you can turn an ordinary essay into something that will blow their socks off.

Focus on the Thesis

Your thesis is the central point of the entire essay, so if it’s amazing, you’re off to a great start. Begin with this and make sure you decide on something that is impressive to kick off the essay.

Listen to the Assignment

Your professor may give you hints on what they’re looking for. If you just write down the basics of the assignment, you could miss out on some key points. For example, your professor may hint at a preferred topic or give tips that could result in a higher score. Write it all down and then analyze what is wanted before you write.

Long before you actually put pen to paper or fingers to keyboard to write the essay, you need to complete the pre-writing phase. This is where you do research and outline your essay. You’ll be amazed at how much better your writing is when you have these basic elements in place first. If you need help with these basic elements consider using an Expository Essay Template.

Explain, Don’t Argue

If you’re not careful, an expository essay can turn into a persuasive or argumentative essay. Focus on explaining the topic, rather than convincing people of something about it.

Revise and Edit, Revise and Edit

Going over the essay once to edit and polish isn’t really enough. If you’re tight on time, such as when writing an essay for an exam, just once will do. However, if you have time, it’s a good idea to edit immediately, then let the essay sit overnight or even longer. When you come back, you won’t be as close to the writing and can look at it more objectively.

Choosing the Right Topic

Topics for an expository essay vary widely, but ideally, you should select something you’re interested in writing about. Topics can answer a question such as “How can we prevent bullying in school?” or they can describe something like a historical building in your area. Other interesting topics to inspire you include:

  • How does technology affect our relationships?
  • How to treat a burn
  • What are the must-haves for a freshman in college?
  • How to handle anxiety attacks naturally
  • How to train your dog to stop barking on command
  • Research the history of a monument in your area
  • Why roller skating is a great exercise

As you can see, there’s no limit to the types of topics you can choose for your essay and it really comes down to what the professor assigns you and what you enjoy writing about. How narrow your topic is will also depend on how much you plan to write. An entire history of the Civil War won’t fit into two page, for example, so you’ll need to narrow it down to a specific battle or element of the Civil War.

Writing an expository essay can actually be a fun experience if you approach it the right way. When you enjoy the topic and are interested in it, your essay will show that and will stand out from those written out of boredom.

Finally, if you’re ever facing writer’s block for your college paper, consider WriteWell Essay Templates to help you get started.

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  • College Admissions Essay
  • Expository Essay
  • Persuasive Essay
  • Research Paper
  • Thesis Statement
  • Writing a Conclusion
  • Writing an Introduction
  • Writing an Outline
  • Writing a Summary

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How to Write an Expository Essay: Writing Tips & Structure

Have you ever been tasked with writing an expository essay and found yourself struggling to convey information clearly and concisely? Expository essays are a unique form of academic writing, requiring a neutral stance and factual evidence to educate the reader on a specific topic.

In this step-by-step guide on how to write an expository essay, we’ll delve into the intricacies of crafting a compelling expository essay, from brainstorming to polishing the final draft. Prepare to embark on a journey to enhance your writing skills and master the art of expository writing.

Table of Contents

Expository Essay Writing: Key Takeaways

  • Expository essays are structured academic writing that analyze a given topic objectively.
  • This guide provides a comprehensive approach to crafting an expository essay, from idea generation and research through outlining, drafting, refining and polishing techniques.
  • The structure of the essay should include a precise thesis statement with evidence-based body paragraphs and transition words for coherence.

The Essence of Expository Essays

Expository essays are a type of structured academic writing that utilizes factual evidence to analyze or investigate a designated topic. Different from descriptive essays and personal opinion pieces, expository writing focuses on providing the reader with information about a given topic, maintaining a neutral stance. This objective description is crucial in academic settings, where expository essays are often assigned as a means of assessment and featured in various exam formats.

To write a good expository essay, it is important to select an engaging topic and articulate a precise, well-informed thesis statement. Examining expository essay examples can offer valuable insights into constructing a well-organized, informative essay. Remember, creativity and artistry can still be incorporated into expository writing, so don’t let the formulaic nature of such essays discourage you from developing a captivating piece.

Crafting an Effective Expository Essay Outline

An effective expository essay outline is crucial for organizing your thoughts and research, as it serves as the foundation of your essay. The basic structure of an expository essay comprises an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. The more comprehensive your outline is, the less time you’ll need to spend on research and writing, ultimately making the writing process more efficient.

There is no specific length for an expository essay; however, it should be sufficient to effectively articulate the thesis statement. Typically, a five-paragraph essay is a common approach, with an introductory paragraph, three body paragraphs, and a concluding paragraph. By crafting a detailed outline, you can ensure that each section of your essay supports and builds upon your thesis statement, resulting in a cohesive and well-structured piece.

The Writing Process: Step-by-Step Guide

Now that we’ve covered the fundamentals of expository essays and the importance of outline, let’s dive into the step-by-step guide to writing an expository essay.

This guide will cover idea generation, research, outlining, drafting, refining, and polishing, providing a comprehensive approach to crafting a compelling expository essay, including problem and solution essay techniques.

Generating Ideas and Researching

The first step to write an expository essay is brainstorming potential expository essay topics. Consider the topics discussed in class, anticipate what your teacher might expect, and choose something that genuinely interests you. This will ensure that you are engaged in the writing process and motivated to create a captivating essay. After narrowing down your options, conduct research on each topic to determine if reliable sources are easily accessible and gain a more comprehensive understanding of the subject.

Once you have gathered sufficient information, it’s time to analyze your research and select an expository essay topic that best suits your interests and meets your instructor’s guidelines. Keep in mind that your chosen topic should be able to provide enough factual evidence to support your thesis statement, as this will be the core of your essay. By selecting a strong, engaging topic, you set the foundation for a successful expository essay.

Organizing Thoughts with an Outline

Creating an outline is essential for organizing your thoughts and laying the groundwork for your expository essay. Start by developing a strong thesis statement that outlines the main idea of your essay and provides a well-informed, reasoned response to your research question. Your outline should specify what information will be included in each paragraph, ensuring that each section of your essay supports your thesis statement.

The outline serves as a roadmap, guiding you through the writing process and helping you stay focused on your topic. By organizing your thoughts and research in a logical manner, you’ll find it easier to begin writing and stay on track throughout the development of your expository essay.

Drafting the Essay

With a comprehensive outline in hand, it’s time to start drafting your expository essay. Focus on crafting well-structured body paragraphs that stay on topic and provide factual evidence to support your thesis statement. It’s often beneficial to postpone writing the introduction until after you’ve completed the body paragraphs and conclusion, as this will allow you to develop a more accurate and engaging introduction based on the content of your essay.

As you write, use transition words and sentences to connect ideas, maintain narrative flow, and guide readers through your argument. This will ensure that your essay is coherent and easy to follow, ultimately enhancing the reader’s understanding of your topic.

Refining Your Draft

Once you’ve completed the first draft of your expository essay, it’s time to refine your work. Start by reorganizing content, ensuring that each sentence serves its purpose and enhances the reader’s understanding of your topic. Edit for clarity and coherence, and double-check that your essay remains focused on your thesis statement throughout.

As you review your draft, read the paper as if it’s your first encounter with the topic. This will help you determine if the essay is coherent and if the information provided is relevant to the intended purpose of each section. Remember to abstain from attempting to make a persuasive argument and to utilize opinions as evidence, as this can detract from the objective nature of your expository essay.

Polishing the Essay: Editing and Proofreading

The final step in crafting a compelling expository essay is editing and proofreading. Check for errors in grammar, spelling, and formatting, and ensure that your citations are accurate and adherent to the assigned style guide. Tools like Grammarly can be helpful in detecting errors and phrases that lack clarity, as well as ensuring a uniform tone throughout your essay.

In addition to self-editing, consider having someone else review your work. This can provide a fresh perspective and help identify any remaining inconsistencies or areas that need improvement. With your polished expository essay in hand, you’ll be ready to present your well-researched, informative, and engaging piece to your audience.

Analyzing Expository Essay Examples

Examining expository essay examples can be an invaluable tool in understanding how to create a well-structured, informative essay. By analysing the structure, style, and use of evidence in an expository essay example, you can gain insight into crafting your own compelling piece. Remember, it’s not recommended to directly source information or text from expository essay examples, but they can serve as an inspirational reference for your work.

Take note of how the thesis statement is presented, how the body paragraphs are organized, and how the conclusion effectively summarizes the main points of the essay. By carefully studying expository essay examples, you’ll be better equipped to create your own well-crafted, engaging, and informative piece.

Diving into Expository Essay Types

Expository essays come in various forms, each with its own unique purpose and structure. Understanding the different types of expository essays can aid in selecting a subject and organizing your essay’s overall trajectory and framework. The primary types of expository essays include classification, definition, process, compare-and-contrast, and cause-and-effect essays.

Classification essays identify and organize various subjects within one category, outlining their individual characteristics. A definition essay, on the other hand, provides a clear and concise explanation of a subject matter. A process essay outlines the steps necessary for completing a task, providing the reader with an understanding of the procedure.

Compare-and-contrast essays analyze the differences and similarities between sources cited. Cause-and-effect essays investigate the reasons behind a particular occurrence and the consequences that follow. Familiarizing yourself with these expository essay types will expand your writing capabilities and help you craft a compelling piece.

Structuring Your Expository Essay

To ensure a coherent and engaging expository essay, it’s crucial to understand the expository essay structure, which includes a distinct introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion that support your thesis statement. The introduction should include a precise and succinct thesis statement that outlines the primary focus of your essay, providing the reader with a clear understanding of the topic at hand.

Each body paragraph should contain evidence that supports your thesis statement, ensuring that every section of your essay contributes to the overall argument.

Finally, the conclusion should succinctly summarize the main points and provide a clear and concise statement of the essay’s overarching message. By following this structure, you’ll create a well-organized, informative, and engaging expository essay that effectively communicates your ideas to your audience.

The Role of the Thesis Statement

The thesis statement serves as the foundation of your expository essay, providing a succinct, precise synopsis of the primary point of your essay. A strong, clear, and memorable thesis statement is essential, as it gives the reader a clear understanding of the main focus of your essay and sets the tone for the entire piece. Examples of effective thesis statements include: “The effects of global warming are becoming increasingly evident in our environment,” “The use of technology in the classroom can have both positive and negative effects,” and “The rise of social media has had a profound impact on our society.”

To create a thesis statement, identify your essay topic, conduct research on the topic, and formulate a main idea or argument based on your findings. This statement should be concise and direct, ensuring that your essay remains focused and well-organized throughout the writing process.

Enhancing Your Essay with Transition Words and Sentences

Transition words and sentences play a crucial role in connecting ideas, maintaining narrative flow, and guiding readers through your argument. They serve as the binding element that keeps your essay’s foundation intact, preventing confusion and ensuring that your argument remains coherent and easy to follow. A lack of logical progression of thought can make it difficult for the reader to comprehend your essay’s argument, ultimately compromising its structure.

Examples of transition words and phrases include “however,” “in addition,” “on the other hand,” and “as a result.” By incorporating these transitions into your expository essay, you’ll create a seamless reading experience that effectively communicates your ideas and maintains the reader’s interest throughout the piece.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you start an expository essay.

To start an expository essay, begin with a general statement about your topic that captures the reader’s attention. This should be followed by your thesis or main point of the essay, which can be further supported with three body paragraphs.

Use a formal tone and avoid introducing unnecessary information or summaries.

How do you write an expository essay step by step?

Writing an expository essay can be done step-by-step by organizing your thoughts, researching the topic, formulating a thesis statement, writing an introduction, composing the body paragraphs, and summarizing the essay in the conclusion.

Finally, revise and proofread the essay to ensure its quality.

What is an example of an expository essay?

An example of an expository essay is one that provides readers with a step-by-step guide on how to do something, or a descriptive essay that is loaded with details.

These types of essays seek to explain a particular topic in an informative and logical manner.

What are the 4 parts of the expository essay?

An expository essay is composed of four parts: an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

It provides a clear and organized explanation of a specific topic.

What is an expository essay?

An expository essay is an essay that communicates factual information, requiring the student to investigate an idea, evaluate evidence, expound on the idea, and set forth an argument concerning it in a clear and concise manner.

It is important for the student to be able to organize their thoughts and ideas in a logical manner in order to effectively communicate their argument. Splitting the text into paragraphs is a key to better readability. Start a new paragraph whenever you introduce a new idea or change direction in your argument. This will be a success.

In conclusion, crafting a compelling expository essay requires careful planning, research, and organization. By understanding the essence of expository essays, creating an effective outline, following a step-by-step writing process, and analyzing examples, you can develop your writing skills and create an engaging, informative piece.

Familiarize yourself with the different types of expository essays and the importance of structuring your essay to support your thesis statement. Remember to enhance your essay with transition words and sentences, ensuring a smooth, coherent reading experience for your audience. With these tools and techniques in hand, you’re well on your way to mastering the art of expository writing.

Expository Essays Made Simple: The Guide With Examples

What is an expository essay?

How to write, structure, and format it to reach its purpose?

This article is here to answer all your questions on expository writing. I’ll share the meaning and provide a few templates and examples for extra clarity.

Expository Essay Definition

Examples of such explanatory texts are:

  • Scholarly articles
  • Instructional or technical guides
  • Unbiased journalistic investigations
  • A news report
  • Business writing

It’s an expository text definition for us to understand the nature of this paper type. For more info, let’s learn the characteristics and elements of an expository essay.

What are the characteristics of expository essay?

Expository papers are factual and objective. They have a clear purpose, and their structure is linear and logical. In such essays, writers don’t share their opinions and don’t try to persuade readers.

Expository essays:

  • Teach readers about the topic.
  • Provide detailed information.
  • Describe and explain facts.
  • Clear, concise, and written with formal language.
  • Organized, in the 3rd person, with precise word choice.

What are the elements of an expository essay?

  • Strong thesis statement
  • Evidence and examples
  • Specific supporting details to explain the topic for a better understanding
  • Logical structure and transitions between paragraphs
  • Compelling conclusion to help readers remember the information better

What Is the Purpose of an Expository Essay?

The purpose of an expository essay is to present information and explain a topic. No personal opinions or biased statements are here, just facts with evidence.

The main focus is logic and coherence.

I’ve found the method for you to remember expository essays’ organization. It’s POET:

expository writing types essay

  • P — Purpose: analyze, tell, explain, and connect the information.
  • O — Organization: do research, outline, and structure your paper.
  • E — Evidence: use facts, statistics, expert quotes, and examples.
  • T — Thesis: be concise and straightforward.

Expository vs. Argumentative

An easy way to understand the meaning and purpose of explanatory papers is to compare them with other text types. Students most often confuse expository essays with argumentative (persuasive) ones. The above table demonstrates the differences for you to remember.

Types of Expository Writing

As a rule, teachers mention the type of expository essay in the assigned prompt. It helps you understand how to structure and present the information in your paper.

The five types of expository writing are:

  • Definition. These papers describe and explain concepts. You just tell readers about something: a person, a place, a situation, etc.
  • Classification. Here you need to break a broad concept into subcategories. Start with a general topic, and then tell about each subgroup. (Example: an essay about movie genres, cat breeds, book styles, etc.)
  • Process (how-to). These texts explain to readers how to create or do something. Give instructions, steps, and practical tips. We also know process essays as problem-solution papers. A writer introduces and describes a problem and then tells the audience how to solve it.
  • Compare-and-Contrast. Here you tell about the similarities and differences between at least two subjects. Or, you can describe the pros and cons of something. (Example: compare two novels of the same author; pros and cons of living in a village; etc.)
  • Cause-and-Effect. These essays explain why something happened and what the outcome was. (Example: why Executed Renaissance (1) happened in Ukraine in the 1930s and what effects it has now.)

Expository Essay Structure

In academia, expository essays are standard 5-paragraph papers. You write an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

Below is more information on what to include in every paragraph.


The introduction of expository essays includes the topic and the main idea. Three elements to write here:

  • A writing hook to grab the reader’s interest
  • A topic’s background (introducing the topic)
  • A thesis statement summarizing the main idea (what you’ll tell about the subject)

Here’s an example:

expository writing types essay

Body Paragraphs

Expository papers have at least three body paragraphs, each exposing one idea. It’s critical to craft logical transitions between paragraphs and include evidential support.

Each paragraph should have a logical connection to the thesis statement. As for evidence, use statistics, citations, and other info you’ve got when researching. (2)

Here go your four E’s to consider:

  • Explanations
  • Elaboration

That’s what a body paragraph of your expository paper might look like:

expository writing types essay

Three elements to include:

  • Topic sentence (to state what this paragraph will be about)
  • Explanation of the topic in detail
  • Concluding sentences with a logical transition to the next paragraph

The final paragraph restates the thesis, given the evidence you provided in the essay. Summarize the topic, but don’t introduce any new information. Leave readers with a positive impression of your work.

Three elements of expository essay conclusions:

  • Readdressing the thesis in light of the provided information
  • A brief overview of the essay’s key points
  • The key takeaway for readers to remember from your essay

expository writing types essay

Expository Essay Format

Example of expository essay.

Below is your example of expository writing to see the structure and format. It’s a standard five-paragraph essay students write in college. The number of words and paragraphs may differ depending on the prompt you get from teachers.

Feel free to use it for inspiration and a better understanding of how to write:

expository writing types essay

What is the primary purpose of an expository text?

The primary purpose of an expository text is to inform readers about the topic. Such texts describe and explain concepts to educate the audience. They are objective. A writer shouldn’t express personal opinions or attempt to persuade readers. Expository essays are descriptive, not argumentative or persuasive.

How to write an expository essay?

First, review the prompt; it will tell you all the instructions. You’ll know a topic, a word count, a format, etc. Then, do research and gather all the information about your subject. What will you tell the readers? What evidence you’ll use to support your points? Once ready, create an outline. You’ll need to specify the thesis statement and think about how you structure an essay. Finally, write a draft and proofread and edit it before submitting it to a teacher’s review.

What is typically included in the introductory section of an expository essay?

An introductory paragraph starts with a hook to grab readers’ attention to the topic. Then, provide a topic’s background for readers to understand what you write about. Finally, finish your introduction with a thesis statement. In the thesis, summarize the main idea of your paper.

How long is an expository essay?

Target about 800 words for expository writing. It includes five paragraphs: an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Check your prompt carefully: It often mentions the number of words to write.

Over to You

I hope this article has answered your “What is an expository essay” question. Remember about the purpose: inform and educate readers. Imagine yourself as a lecturer who needs to tell the audience about the subject — and voila !

Follow the logical structure, write in the 3rd person, and use evidence to prove your information. The above tips and examples are here to help you.


  • https://www.husj.harvard.edu/articles/the-executed-renaissance-paradigm-revisited  
  • https://www.nhcc.edu/academics/library/doing-library-research/basic-steps-research-process  
  • Essay samples
  • Essay writing
  • Writing tips

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Expository Essay: Stap By Stap Guide 🤓| Studyfy

How to Write an Expository Essay

expository writing types essay

the most complicated and challenging. An expository essay means, detailed and scrutinized research and the ability to structure the facts in the right way. That’s why you’re likely to spend a long time completing it, so get ready for hard work and make it quicker with our step by step guide!

What Is an Expository Essay?

Before you start, you need to understand an expository writing definition. An expository essay is a type of academic writing, which includes in-depth research, reasonable arguments, dry facts, and a good awareness of the topic. The aim is to check how you may convey the idea to the readers by investigating the issue and putting it on paper in a well-structured and yet, simple way.

These kinds of essays are also often assigned at the end of a course or a semester to test the students’ knowledge of the subject. The skill of describing the issue, proving arguments is something that will always be in demand, especially at the workplace.

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Main Types of an Expository Essay

There are different types of expository essays, and we have highlighted the most common of them.

Problem and solution essay

This one deals with looking for the best way out of a problem. For instance, the task is to find the best solution to the air-pollution issue. The aim is to study and present all aspects of the problem, then provide probable solutions. The suggested ways out should be justified well enough to persuade the readers in its effectiveness.

You may have seen Ted talks, where speakers usually introduce a problem and propose the way out. These videos are one of the best sources of inspiration and well structured examples.

Cause and effect essay

This type has to do with the processor events and what consequences they may have. It may include global warming or any historical event; the task is to describe them from all facets and analyze its impact on the environment or humanity. The analysis may be based on assumptions or facts, but on the way or another, it must be confirmed.

Here's an example of “The effects of lack of sleep” writing:

expository writing types essay

Hereby, the author lists the probable consequences of sleep deprivation, supporting his arguments by trusted resources.

Compare and contrast essay

Two subjects are included in the writing; it is aimed to describe their similarities and differences. The topic may touch upon two movies, two books, for example. We may start with the common positive features of both of the objects and then start with creating contrast by analyzing how one may be better or worse than the other, providing arguments.

How to or Process essay

This prompt assignment requires a structured instruction on “How to” do or make something. For example, how to make a cake, write a poem, or save money. This challenges your ability to make step-by-step guidelines on how to get from point “A” to the ultimate result.

For example, in a “How to lose weight”, you may divide a process writing into six steps:

  • Decide on how much weight you want to lose by analyzing your eating habits;
  • Write a plan of your diet for a week ahead;
  • Choose a type of sport, which would meet your needs;
  • Download a habit tracker;
  • Monitor your progress, and don’t stop.

Descriptive essay

Finally, the assignments, where you may use your imagination. This type is the most creative, as the writer should describe one object, whether it’s a person or an event, and describe it in a way that fascinates the reader and attracts attention.

A descriptive essay should engage five senses of readers:

This technique absorbs a reader and holds them interested. It is commonly used in literature. Let’s take a look at the example:

expository writing types essay

Pay attention to the use of vivid adjectives in the passage. The author is using the senses to convey the atmosphere in the story, so readers may feel it and dive deeper into a narration.

The Structure and Expository Essay Outline

A typical expository writing format consists of 5 paragraphs, one of which stands for an introduction, three – body paragraphs, and one for a conclusion. Before starting, it is a nice idea to bear in mind this format and picture your future work according to it. However, this is only a recommendation, which you may adapt to your needs.

The purpose of expository writing is different from other essays, as it doesn’t aim to prove a point; rather, it encourages research and finds an objective perspective of an issue. It deals with different views and analyzes the facts instead of opinions.

It develops the skill of a clear perception of the situation by studying it and bringing dry facts to the table. Such an ability is very in demand at the workplace and in studying. So, although the task is quite complicated, the outcome is worth the effort.

An expository essay outline is one of the first steps you take before the actual writing. Having a plan is always the right idea, as it helps to start, and secondly, it brings a general idea, which supports you and guides in the right direction. Let’s take a look at all parts of successful writing.


An expository writing definition stands for being exposed to numerous resources and looking for a particular piece of information. So, the next step you make is scrutinized research on the topic, collecting facts, and evidence. This part challenges your ability to define useful data on the internet. This ability is crucial nowadays, finding what you need among reliable and less reliable sources

This is the main part, where the thesis statements are placed.

Ideally, expository essays should have three body paragraphs, each of them including an idea, supported by facts, evidence, or trusted resources. The perfect way of doing that is to present two contradicting theories in the first two parts, and one, which would consist of both of them combined.

Perhaps, the most important part is to make a reasonable conclusion. Here, we aim to sum up the ideas that have been mentioned. Restate all main points and ideas; it is fine if the issue is still unclear, just don’t forget to write about it in the end. Give your reader some food for thought. And mention what should be studied in the future, or what aspects lack research.

Did you like our inspiring Expository Essay Guide?

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How to Start an Expository Essay: Introduction

In this part, you’re given a chance to grab the reader’s attention. It is important to describe the topic clearly. Don’t assume that your readers are aware of it, so it must be followed with the proper explanation.

The most difficult part of writing is to start. So, to make it less challenging, you need to take several steps. First, choose the topic. While choosing, you need to keep in mind that it must be broadened but, at the same time, be specific.

For example, instead of writing “How air pollution affects humanity”, you may write “How air pollution affects China”, so now the topic is more certain.

Also, the thesis must be presented here, preferably in the end. Readers should already understand what you’re going to write about.

Let’s take a look at some ideas for a good introduction:

  • an interesting hook, which would trigger an interest in people;
  • statistics;
  • rhetorical questions;
  • stating different opinions on the issue;
  • write about the history of a problem;
  • prove why the question is relevant today;

Body Paragraphs

The main body normally consists of three parts. This is the biggest part, where you put all the ideas and theses. Each of the points must be followed by evidence, quotes, and facts. An expository essay format requires an objective view of the issue, so you need to avoid expressing your personal opinion and don’t use the first-person pronouns like “I” or “Me.

Here are some examples of how to start a paragraph:

  • It’s commonly believed that…
  • The other perspective of the question is …
  • Many people claim that …
  • Explain the point, tell why people may be sure in it, be clear and objective.

Every thesis should be followed with proof; don’t simply rely on your awareness.

The narration should be clear and logical.

Your readers should follow your train of thought and find it comprehensible.

The main body has a chain-like format:

  • A thesis (the main idea);
  • Supporting evidence (cited quotes, links, trusted, relevant sources);
  • Analysis (reason why you picked this evidence, how it supports your point, the proof of its importance);
  • Transition (each paragraph should be logically connected by one or two sentences that show what all of them have in common to support your idea).

While writing, ask yourself the following questions:

  • What studies have been made on the topic? Support with links, names, and resources.
  • Is it discussed by the media? Written in books?
  • What type of people may be concerned about it?
  • What are the attitudes to the issue? Present different perspectives.
  • How has this problem changed over time?
  • Why is it relevant today?
Let’s take a look at the example of one Body part from “Causes of having a bad mood” essay.

expository writing types essay

Here presented is the first statement, provided by trusted resources as well as structured probable consequences of an issue.

In the final part, you may finally reveal your personal opinion on the topic. It may coincide with one of the statements in the body, or you may write a new one, which you believe to be the most convincing. Or you may restate all your expository essay ideas, but show their significance and sum them up.

Another way to finish the paper is to allow readers to make their conclusions on the issue. Ask some follow-up questions. So, an issue will be left open and provoke some thoughts.

Here’s the example of a conclusion in “Causes of having a bad mood” writing:

expository writing types essay

This also appeals to his previously stated ideas, encouraging readers to bear them in mind next time they are in a bad mood. Not only this conclusion is informative, but also motivating.

Expository Essay Topics

Choosing between such a large number of themes around is a complicated task and can take a lot of time. Here are some ingredients of good expository essay topics.

  • Open-ended question that requires a solution;
  • Has different opinions;
  • Concerns enduring issues (the ones that are valued over time).

Let’s take a look at some ideas for expository essays:

  • Should technologies be used in education?
  • What are the main features of a leader?
  • Explain why learning to collaborate is an important skill?
  • What is special about your generation?
  • How can a particular type of music influence a personality?
  • Explain what encourages teens to do drugs?
  • Describe the consequences of insomnia.
  • How can workaholism affect family life?
  • Describe why high education is important?
  • How can video games influence teens?
  • How to stop procrastinating and study?

Remember, that an expository essay format implies to be informative, useful for readers or even to teach them something new.

Great job on taking your first step in expository writing! Now you have a better understanding of what it is, how to start your essay, structure it, and choose the right topic. If you encounter any difficulties during the writing process, don't hesitate to revisit this article for guidance.  So whether you need to buy biology essay , write essays for money , order a custom research paper , or pay for an essay , Studyfy has got you covered!

If you still feel that your skill and knowledge needs more practice and help, feel free to turn to our professionals. They are always ready to assist you, just place an order, set a deadline, and your writing is done!

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Expository Writing (Exposition)

Guide to The Expository Writing (Crafting A Good Expository Essay)

Table of Contents


Expository writing is a genre of discourse that aims to inform, explain, or describe a subject by presenting facts, evidence, and analysis in a clear, organized, and objective manner. In this article, we will explore this genre of writing and provide step-by-step tips for writing a good expository essay .

Let’s get started with understanding what expository writing means!

What is exposition?

Expository writing , also known as exposition , is a form of communication that conveys information, explores ideas, or provides analysis in a clear, concise, and objective manner, relying on evidence, facts, and examples to inform and enlighten the audience.

The purpose of exposition (or expository writing) is not primarily to amuse, but to enlighten and instruct. The objective is to explain and analyze information by presenting an idea, relevant evidence, and appropriate discussion. Its essential quality is clarity.

Most of the writing that you are required to do at school is expository (reports, tests, essays, etc..) Similarly, most of the writing you will do after school will be of this sort.

Examples of expository writing include:

  • Scientific reports
  • Term papers
  • Encyclopedia articles

Features of expository writing

Expository writing serves the primary purpose of conveying information, emphasizing clarity through precise language that elucidates the author’s message. Well-organized expositions maintain focus on their subject, presenting events in chronological order.

It is essential for such writing to adopt an impersonal tone by avoiding second-person instructions and refraining from the use of first-person pronouns.

Furthermore, expository essays adhere to impartiality, deliberately avoiding the overt expression of the writer’s opinions.

The main features include:

  • Expository text is designed to impart information effectively.
  • Employing precise language that distinctly conveys the author’s intended meaning.
  • A proficient exposition maintains focus on its subject and arranges events in a chronological sequence.
  • Avoiding the use of second-person instructions with “you,” while refraining from incorporating first-person pronouns.
  • Expository essays refrain from overtly expressing the writer’s personal opinions.

Types Expository Writing

Expository writing encompasses various types, each serving distinct purposes. Some common types include:

  • Descriptive Writing: Portrays details and characteristics to create a vivid picture, appealing to the reader’s senses.
  • Process/Sequential Writing: Explains a step-by-step process or sequence of events to guide the reader through understanding a procedure.
  • Compare and Contrast Writing: Highlights similarities and differences between two or more subjects to provide insights or make a point.
  • Cause and Effect Writing: Explores the relationships between actions and their consequences, illustrating how one event leads to another.
  • Problem-Solution Writing: Identifies a problem, discusses its implications, and proposes viable solutions.
  • Definition Writing: Clarifies the meaning of a term or concept, often providing additional information to enhance understanding.
  • Classification Writing: Groups items, ideas, or concepts into categories based on shared characteristics.
  • Analysis Writing: Examines the components of a subject and delves into its intricacies to offer a deeper understanding.
  • Informative Writing: Presents factual information on a topic, often in a straightforward and objective manner.
  • Persuasive Writing (to some extent): While primarily aimed at convincing the reader, persuasive writing may contain elements of expository writing by presenting facts and evidence to support the argument.

Expository Essay Structure

The structure of an expository essay typically follows a standard format, which includes:

  • Hook: Engage the reader with a compelling statement, question, or anecdote.
  • Thesis Statement: Clearly state the main idea or purpose of the essay.
  • Topic Sentence: Introduce the main point of the paragraph.
  • Supporting Details: Provide facts, evidence, examples, or anecdotes that support the topic sentence.
  • Transition Sentences: Connect paragraphs and maintain the flow of ideas.
  • Restate Thesis: Summarize the main idea without introducing new information.
  • Summary of Key Points: Recap the main points discussed in the body paragraphs.
  • Closing Statement: Leave the reader with a thought-provoking idea, a call to action, or a conclusion.

It’s important to note that the body paragraphs can vary in number based on the requirements of the assignment. Each paragraph should focus on a single aspect or idea related to the overall thesis. Additionally, the use of clear and concise language, as well as logical transitions between paragraphs, contributes to the effectiveness of the expository essay.

How to Write an Expository Essay?

The process of writing an expository essay involves a series of distinct steps, starting with preparatory measures and topic research, progressing through drafting, and culminating in the crucial phases of revising and editing before arriving at the final draft.

Preparation: Reading a Sample Expository Essay

  • Begin by reading a sample of expository writing to gain insights into its structure, language, and overall format. Analyze distinctive features, such as how the introduction engages the reader, the presentation of information in body paragraphs, and the summarization of key points in the conclusion.

Topic Selection and Understanding

  • Choose a Topic: Select a subject that is both familiar and interesting, ensuring it is specific enough to explore thoroughly.
  • Research the Topic: Gather relevant information from reliable sources, including books, articles, and reputable websites.
  • Create a Thesis Statement: Develop a clear and concise thesis statement that effectively conveys the main idea or purpose of the essay.
  • Outline the Essay: Organize thoughts by creating an outline, and planning the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion while specifying the main points for each section.
  • Write the Introduction: Begin with a hook that captivates the reader’s attention. Clearly state the thesis statement to provide a roadmap for the essay.
  • Develop Body Paragraphs: Dedicate each paragraph to a specific aspect or supporting detail related to the thesis. Start with a topic sentence, provide supporting evidence, and maintain a logical flow between paragraphs using transitions.
  • Write the Conclusion: Summarize key points discussed in the body paragraphs, restate the thesis without introducing new information, and end with a closing statement that leaves a lasting impression or suggests further exploration.

Revising and Editing

  • Review and Revise: Check the essay for clarity, coherence, and consistency. Ensure that the logical flow of ideas is maintained and that each paragraph contributes effectively to the overall argument.
  • Edit for Language and Style: Look for grammatical errors, punctuation issues, and sentence structure. Consider the use of language and style to enhance the overall quality of the writing.
  • Seek Feedback: Gather feedback from others to gain different perspectives on the effectiveness of the essay.
  • Finalize the Draft: Make necessary revisions based on feedback and proofread the final draft. Ensure the essay adheres to any specific formatting guidelines provided.

Following this organized approach helps streamline the essay-writing process, from initial preparation through drafting and final revisions.

Tips for Writing an Exposition

Here are some tips for writing a good expository essay:

  • Clearly define whether you aim to explain, inform, describe, or instruct, and tailor your writing accordingly.
  • Craft a focused thesis statement that clearly conveys the main idea or purpose of your essay.
  • Gather comprehensive information from reliable sources to provide a solid foundation for your exposition.
  • Develop a well-structured outline to organize your ideas logically, ensuring a smooth flow from the introduction to the conclusion.
  • Begin with a compelling hook to capture the reader’s attention. Clearly state your thesis to provide direction for the essay.
  • Dedicate each paragraph to a specific point or aspect related to the thesis. Use topic sentences and supporting details for clarity.
  • Incorporate transition words and phrases to guide the reader smoothly between ideas and paragraphs.
  • Keep the tone of your essay formal and objective. Avoid the use of first-person pronouns and maintain an impersonal perspective.
  • Support your points with concrete evidence, facts, and examples to enhance the credibility of your exposition.
  • Summarize key points in the conclusion, restate the thesis, and leave the reader with a thought-provoking statement or a call to action.
  • Review your essay for clarity, coherence, and consistency. Edit for grammar, punctuation, and sentence structure.
  • Get input from others to gain different perspectives and identify areas for improvement.
  • Cite your sources properly and ensure that your essay is original and free from plagiarism.
  • Adhere to any specific guidelines or requirements provided by your instructor, ensuring your essay meets the necessary criteria.
  • Take the time to thoroughly proofread your final draft before submission to catch any overlooked errors.

The above tips can enhance the quality and effectiveness of your expository essay. If you follow them, you will create a well-crafted piece of writing that effectively communicates your chosen topic.

Expository Essay Sample

Here is an expository essay example about online learning:

Title: The Evolution of Education: Exploring the Dynamics of Online Learning

In education, the advent of online learning has emerged as a transformative force, reshaping the way individuals access information and acquire knowledge. This essay delves into the key facets of online learning, examining its advantages, challenges, and broader implications for the future of education.

Online learning, often synonymous with e-learning or distance education, has dismantled geographical barriers, providing learners with unprecedented access to a diverse array of courses and programs. The flexibility inherent in online learning allows students to pursue education at their own pace, accommodating various learning styles and schedules. Whether balancing work commitments, family responsibilities, or personal pursuits, individuals now have the opportunity to tailor their learning experiences to align with their unique circumstances.

One of the distinct advantages of online learning lies in its accessibility. Through digital platforms and learning management systems, educational resources are available 24/7, fostering an environment where learners can engage with course materials, participate in discussions, and submit assignments at their convenience. This accessibility not only promotes inclusivity but also caters to a global audience, fostering a sense of cultural diversity within virtual classrooms.

Moreover, online learning has catalyzed the evolution of instructional methods. Interactive multimedia elements, virtual simulations, and collaborative online forums enrich the learning experience, transcending the limitations of traditional classroom settings. Asynchronous and synchronous communication tools facilitate meaningful interactions between students and instructors, creating a dynamic virtual learning community.

However, the transition to online learning is not without its challenges. Technological disparities and the digital divide can impede access for some learners, highlighting the need for concerted efforts to bridge these gaps. Additionally, maintaining self-discipline and motivation in the absence of a physical classroom environment poses a challenge that both educators and learners must address.

In conclusion, the rise of online learning marks a paradigm shift in the field of education, offering unprecedented opportunities for accessibility, flexibility, and interactive engagement. While challenges exist, the potential for democratizing education and fostering a global learning community is immense. As online learning continues to evolve, it stands as a testament to the adaptability of education in the face of technological advancements, shaping a future where learning knows no boundaries.

In summary, expository writing involves the presentation of information, ideas, or explanations in a clear and organized manner. It is mainly about conveying facts, exploring concepts, or providing a detailed analysis of a specific subject without expressing personal opinions or emotions.

When you are asked to write an expository essay, make sure to choose a well-defined topic, craft a concise thesis statement that outlines the main idea, and organize your content logically. Use evidence, examples, and relevant details to support your points, and maintain an objective tone throughout. Additionally, pay attention to clarity, coherence, and proper transitions between paragraphs to ensure your essay effectively informs and educates the reader.

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Expository Essay Writing

Types Of Expository Writing

Cathy A.

Types of Expository Writing - Tips & Examples

Published on: May 12, 2020

Last updated on: Feb 24, 2024

Types of Expository Writing

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An expository essay is used to explain the topic logically. Moreover, it is considered a way of conveying the information or message to the reader. Keep in mind; such an essay is without any emotion or opinion.

There are six main expository essay types, and each has a different purpose. It is important to understand them before start writing your expository essay. Have a look at this blog to get a clear idea of the types of expository writing list with examples.

Expository Writing Definition

Expository writing is a type of essay where the writer explains or investigates a specific subject. This type of expository writing includes essays, newspaper articles, textbooks, manuals, and other writing forms. Moreover, it is also different from other forms of writing, like fiction and poetry.

Keep in mind; you have to explain everything in detail while writing an expository essay. Here, the writer assumes that the audience has little or no background information about the topic.

This writing type depends on how well you describe or inform the reader about the particular subject. Thus, use the words that clearly show what you are discussing rather than telling the reader what has been discussed. The clarity of words in expository writing is essential, and it is considered the writer’s main skill.

Types of Expository Writing

Expository writing has different genres, and it depends on the goal of the writer. Each type has its purpose for writing. There are many different types of expository essays that you can choose to write on.

The following are the most popular types of expository writing:

Types of Expository Writing - CollegeEssay.org

Cause and Effect Essay

In cause and effect expository writing, you have to describe why something has happened and its effects. This type of essay is built on the consequences or effects of something. They can be either positive or negative.

Moreover, the  cause and effect essay  gives the reader a clear relationship between the two subjects. The main goal is to provide supporting evidence and demonstrate the cause and effect relationship between the two ideas. The results in the body paragraphs can be based on assumptions but must be valid.

Such types of essays are common in literary essays or social studies reports. Check out the given example to understand better.

Cause and Effect Essay Example

Problem and Solution Essay

In a problem-solution essay, the writer provides an analysis of the problems and their solution. The best method of writing this essay is to offer numerous solutions and highlight their pros and cons. Here, a writer has to justify the solutions and show how they can be implemented. Lastly, you can present your recommendations based on the solution.

The problem-solution essay has four components:

Have a look at the following example to get a better idea.

Problem and Solution Essay Example

Comparison and Contrast Essay

The compare and contrast essay is based on finding the similarities and differences between two or more subjects. A good way of writing this type of  college essay  is to choose the right theme for making your comparison.

For Example:

You can explore the similarities and differences between the two political personalities. For this, compare and contrast their education, skills, and behavior towards people.

Check out the given file to get a detailed example of writing this essay.

Comparison and Contrast Essay Example

Definition Essay

In a  definition essay , you have to give a complete description of the topic. Moreover, this essay is all about what, why, and how of the essay topic. Here, you have to describe a place, event, concept, or experience that is appealing to the reader’s five senses.

Furthermore, such an essay requires the writer to describe something in-depth by adding your perspective. Ensure to use controversial words in your writing piece to make it strong.

The following is an example for you to write this type of essay.

Definition Essay Example

Classification Essay

In the classification essay, you have to divide the essay topic into different categories and groups. It must be based on each category’s predefined criteria. Moreover, you have to explain the categories in detail.

Such an essay type is useful to study the unique features of a particular thing. For a good classification essay, a writer must choose a topic that can be easily divided into smaller or more defined groups.

Have a look at the following example to get a clear idea.

Classification Essay Example

Process Essay

The process essay tells you about a task and the method to complete it. Similarly, it involves a step-by-step guide to making or doing something.

Suppose you have to write the process essay on how to make tea. First, address the problem and then explain the main steps involved in making tea.

Check out the following examples to get a comprehensive understanding.

Process Essay Example

Types of Expository Writing Examples

An expository essay explains the topic with facts and research. Here are some types of expository essay examples that can help a lot in the writing process.

Types of Expository Writing Middle School

Types of Expository Writing Structure

Tips for Expository Writing

Here are some easy tips for expository writing for you to write an amazing essay.

  • It is not mandatory to start writing with the introduction.
  • It is better to create the outline first.
  • Be clear and concise so that your essay should not confuse readers.
  • Support your topic with facts, data, and authentic sources.
  • Think about your audience before starting writing the essay.
  • Gather data from reliable sources written by experts.
  • Create a strong thesis statement.
  • Make a list of interesting examples for illustrating the key points.
  • Proofread and edit the essay before submitting it.

The guide mentioned above will help you understand these expository essay types.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the five elements of expository writing.

The five elements of expository writing are: 

  • Organization 
  • Thesis Statement 
  • Transitions 
  • Evidence and Examples 
  • Conclusion 

How do you end an expository paragraph?

The following are the steps that will help you to end the expository paragraph: 

  • Summarize the entire essay. 
  • Provide a strong closing of the essay. 
  • Restate the thesis statement. 

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  1. How to Write an Expository Essay

    The structure of your expository essay will vary according to the scope of your assignment and the demands of your topic. It's worthwhile to plan out your structure before you start, using an essay outline. A common structure for a short expository essay consists of five paragraphs: An introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion.

  2. Types of Expository Writing

    This type of writing includes a step-by-step process of making or doing something. For example: You are writing about how to bake a cake. You'll provide the complete recipe in a proper sequence, i.e., Preheat the oven for half an hour at 180 degree. Mix the baking powder, cocoa powder, flour, and sugar. Beat the eggs.

  3. Expository Writing: Definition and Examples

    The term expository writing refers to any writing that's designed to explain something. We use the word expository to describe any passage of writing that's supposed to present information and help you understand it in an objective way. Some common examples of expository writing include academic essays, textbooks, instructional guides, and ...

  4. How to Write an Expository Essay: Types, Tips, and Topics

    The body of your essay can be anywhere from 2-3 paragraphs to several paragraphs long. As you compose your outline, write down the different headings for your paragraphs so you can see exactly how each one transitions into the next. 4. Write your first draft. Start with an introduction, where you include your thesis statement.

  5. Expository Essay: 3 Building Blocks to Propose an Idea and Defend It

    Students are typically assigned one of at least four types of essays: the persuasive/argumentative essay, the descriptive essay, the technical essay, or the expository essay. Writing an expository essay is one of the most important and valuable skills for you to master. According to the Purdue Online Writing Lab:

  6. Expository Essays

    Therefore, the expository essay must be complete, and logically so, leaving no doubt as to its intent or argument. The five-paragraph Essay. A common method for writing an expository essay is the five-paragraph approach. This is, however, by no means the only formula for writing such essays.

  7. How to write Excellent Expository Essays

    Tip # 2: Research the Topic Thoroughly. Regardless of which type of expository essay your students are working on, they must approach the research stage of the writing process with diligence and focus. The more thorough they are at the research stage, the smoother the remainder of the writing process will be.

  8. How to Write an Expository Essay

    Like most academic essays, the expository essay requires formal writing with an introduction, body, and conclusion. Guide Overview. Tips for writing a kick-butt essay. Focus on the thesis; Listen to the assignment ... there's no limit to the types of topics you can choose for your essay and it really comes down to what the professor assigns ...

  9. What Is an Expository Essay? Examples and Guide

    An expository essay is a type of essay that involves explaining an idea or theme within a given subject or topic. We guide you through writing one with examples.

  10. How to Write an Expository Essay: Writing Tips & Structure

    The primary types of expository essays include classification, definition, process, compare-and-contrast, and cause-and-effect essays. ... Writing an expository essay can be done step-by-step by organizing your thoughts, researching the topic, formulating a thesis statement, writing an introduction, composing the body paragraphs, and ...

  11. Expository Essays

    However, the expository essay definition remains incomplete without understanding the different types of expository essays. An "expository essay" is an umbrella term used to describe different types of essays. These essays include classification essays, definition essays, process essays, compare and contrast essays, and cause-and-effect essays.

  12. What Is an Expository Essay? Types, Structure, Examples

    Types of Expository Writing. As a rule, teachers mention the type of expository essay in the assigned prompt. It helps you understand how to structure and present the information in your paper. The five types of expository writing are: Definition. These papers describe and explain concepts. You just tell readers about something: a person, a ...

  13. Expository Writing

    Expository writing is a type of writing that is used to explain, describe, and give information and uses evidence, details, and facts to support the topic. An example of expository writing is ...

  14. Expository Essays

    Expository essays are pieces of writing that propose and defend a writer's argument through the presentation of facts. There are six major types of expository essays: There are six major types of ...

  15. Expository Essay: Stap By Stap Guide

    An expository essay is a type of academic writing, which includes in-depth research, reasonable arguments, dry facts, and a good awareness of the topic. The aim is to check how you may convey the idea to the readers by investigating the issue and putting it on paper in a well-structured and yet, simple way.

  16. How to Write an Expository Essay in 5 Steps

    How to Write an Expository Essay in 5 Steps. Written by MasterClass. Last updated: Jun 7, 2021 • 3 min read. Learning how to write a good expository essay is an academic writing skill that lays the foundation for the type of expository writing that's necessary for numerous professions.

  17. A Comprehensive Guide to Writing Expository Essay

    The following are the steps that you should follow to write an impressive expository essay. 1. Choose an Engaging Topic. The first step is to decide on an expository essay topic. This step might sound easier, but it can be challenging for the students. Thus, your essay topic should fulfill all the basic requirements.

  18. Expository Writing (Exposition)

    Expository essays refrain from overtly expressing the writer's personal opinions. Types Expository Writing. Expository writing encompasses various types, each serving distinct purposes. Some common types include: Descriptive Writing: Portrays details and characteristics to create a vivid picture, appealing to the reader's senses.

  19. 6 Types of Expository Writing with Examples

    Expository writing is a type of essay where the writer explains or investigates a specific subject. This type of expository writing includes essays, newspaper articles, textbooks, manuals, and other writing forms. Moreover, it is also different from other forms of writing, like fiction and poetry. Keep in mind; you have to explain everything in ...

  20. The Brilliant and Easy Guide to the 6 Types of Expository Writing

    Types of Expository Writing: Process Essay. A process essay is an explanation or process of how to complete a task. It can be as simple as a recipe or the steps of a complex science experiment. The writer is trying to write a detailed explanation that lets the reader complete the task without mistakes, confusion, or questions. It should also be ...

  21. Overview

    A research paper is simply a piece of writing that uses outside sources. There are different types of research papers with varying purposes and expectations for sourcing. ... Expository essay: To explain a topic. Depends on the assignment. Depends on the assignment, but could rely on background information and reference sources. ...